Murmansk Oblast Murmansk Oblast is the northernmost region of Northwestern Russia, on the Kola Peninsula, which borders Finland 's Lapland to the west, Norway 's Finnmark Region to the northwest, the Barents Sea to the north, the White Sea to the southeast, and Karelia to the south.
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Murmansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located in the northwestern part of the country. Its administrative center is the city of Murmansk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 795,409.
Geographically, Murmansk Oblast is located mainly on the Kola Peninsula almost completely north of the Arctic Circle and is a part of the larger Lapland region that spans over four countries. The oblast borders with the Republic of Karelia in Russia in the south, Lapland Region in Finland in the west, Troms and Finnmark County in Norway in the northwest, and is bounded by the Barents Sea in the north and the White Sea in the south and east. Arkhangelsk Oblast of Russia lies across the White Sea.
The Saami, now a very small minority, are the indigenous people of the region. Russians started exploring the shores of the White Sea as early as in the 12th century, and in 1916 founded the Russian city of Murmansk, now home to nearly 40% of the oblast's population in the 307,257;. The oblast was established on May 28, 1938 from Murmansk Okrug of Leningrad Oblast and Kandalakshsky District of the Karelian ASSR. The area of Pechengsky District, which was ceded to Finland by the 1920 Treaty of Ta
During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Murmansk CPSU Committee, the chairman of the oblast Soviet, and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee. Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament. The Charter of Murmansk Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Mu
Murmansk is a city in the extreme northwest of Russia and the world's largest city north of the Arctic Circle. Murmansk from Mapcarta, the free map.
Welcome to the Murmansk google satellite map! This place is situated in Kolskiy rayon, Murmanskaya Oblast, Russia, its geographical coordinates are 68° 58' 18" North, 33° 4' 55" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Murmansk.
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- Murmansk Region History
- Natural Resources of The Murmansk Region
- Murmansk Region Features
- Murmansk Oblast Attractions
According to the archaeological sites, people already lived on the Kola Peninsula in the 8th-7th millennium BC. Much later, the boyars of the Novgorod Republic began to send expeditions to the north to gain fish, fur, seal fat, and other “treasures of the north.”Presumably in the 12th century, the expeditions reached the Kola Peninsula. Locals (the Sami) were taxed tribute. For a while, the Sami had to pay a double tribute because Norway also tried to assert its authority here. However, in 13...
Murmansk oblast is located in northern Europe. About 70% of the territory of the region is located on the Kola Peninsula. Most of the territory is situated within the Arctic Circle. In the south, the Murmansk region borders with the Republic of Karelia, in the west - with Finland, in the northwest - with Norway. It is washed by the White and Barents Seas.The region is very rich in mineral resources. Apatite (Khibiny deposit), valuable raw for phosphoric fertilizers, is mined in the region, ne...
The climate in the southern part of the Murmansk region is moderately cold, in the northern part - subarctic marine, softened with warm North Atlantic Current, which enables navigation throughout a year. In winter, the polar night is common, in summer - the polar day. In Murmansk, the polar night lasts from December 2 to January, 11, the polar day - from May 22 to July 22.The average temperature of the coldest months (January and February) ranges from minus 8 degrees Celsius in the northern p...
In the distant past, the territory of the present Murmansk region was covered by a glacier. That’s why the region has a lot of rivers (Varzuga, Umba, Niva, Voronya, Kola, Tuloma, the longest river - Ponoy) and lakes (Umbozero, Lovozero, the largest lake - Imandra). Almost the entire territory of the Murmansk region is covered by tundra and forest tundra.Today, Murmansk oblast is becoming more and more popular among the lovers of ecological tourism. Environmental tourism is being developed, mo...
Murmansk, oblast (region), northwestern Russia, occupying the Kola Peninsula between the White and Barents seas. Its upland blocks and mountain massifs, rising to 3,907 feet (1,191 metres) in the Khibiny Mountains, are covered by tundra in the north and swampy forest, or taiga, in the south.
- Administrative and municipal status
Murmansk is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia. It sits on both slopes and banks of a modest ria or fjord, Kola Bay, an estuarine inlet of the Barents Sea. Its bulk is on the east bank of the inlet. It is in the north of the rounded Kola Peninsula which covers most of the oblast. The city is 108 kilometres from the border with Norway and 182 kilometres from the Finnish border. The city is named for the Murman Coast, an archaic term in
Murmansk was the last city founded in the Russian Empire. In 1915, World War I needs led to the construction of the railroad from Petrozavodsk to an ice-free location on the Murman Coast in the Russian Arctic, to which Russia's allies shipped military supplies. The terminus became known as the Murman station and soon boasted a port, a naval base, and an adjacent settlement with a population that quickly grew in size and soon surpassed the nearby towns of Alexandrovsk and Kola. On June 29 [O.S. J
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Murmansk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the City of Murmansk is incorporated as Murmansk Urban Okrug.
The population of the city, according to the 2010 Census, was 307,257, of these, 141,130 men and 166,127 women, down from 468,039 recorded in the 1989 Census. Ethnic Russians make up the majority of the population, but Ukrainian and Belarusian minorities also live in the city.
In November 2010 direct mayoral elections were abolished; they were reinstituted in January 2014, with the most recent elections for mayor and city council taking place in September 2014.
Murmansk has two main museums: Murmansk Oblast Museum and Murmansk Oblast Art Museum; there are also several small museums. There are three professional theaters, libraries, and an aquarium in Murmansk. Murmansk is the venue of the decommissioned Lenin which is now a museum ship. Alyosha Monument, Murmansk or Defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War monument is also located in Murmansk. The main square of Murmansk is Five Corners, Murmansk.
- October 4
- 50 m (160 ft)
- July 19, 1916