The icefree port of Murmansk plays an important role in marine transportation in Russia, and the oblast has a 41% share of the total Russian marine transport market.   The fishing industry is among the most profitable in the region, supplying 16% of Russia's total fish production.
Murmansk (Russian: Му́рманск, IPA: [ˈmurmənsk]) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia. It sits on both slopes and banks of a modest ria or fjord, Kola Bay, an estuarine inlet of the Barents Sea. Its bulk is on the east bank of the inlet.
- October 4
- 50 m (160 ft)
- July 19, 1916
Murmansk Oblast (Russian: Му́рманская о́бласть, Murmanskaya oblast' ) is a federal subject in northwestern Russia. The administrative centre is Murmansk, where most of the population lives. The oblast has a population of 741,511.
Roslyakovo (Russian: Росляко́во) was an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) under the administrative jurisdiction of the closed-administrative territorial formation of Severomorsk in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kola Peninsula on the Kola Bay, 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) west of Severomorsk proper.
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Kirovsk (Russian: Ки́ровск), known as Khibinogorsk (Хибиного́рск) until 1934, is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located at the spurs of the Khibiny Mountains on the shores of the Lake Bolshoy Vudyavr, 175 kilometers (109 mi) south of Murmansk. Population: 28,625 (2010 Census).
- 380 m (1,250 ft)
- October 30, 1931
Polyarny (Russian: Поля́рный) is a town and the administrative center of the closed administrative-territorial formation of Alexandrovsk in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, situated on the outermost western side of the Kola Bay. Population: 17,293 (2010 Census); 18,552 (2002 Census); 27,635 (1989 Census).
Teriberka (Russian: Териберка) is a rural locality (a selo) in Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Barents Sea coast, at the mouth of the river Teriberka Contents 1 History
- Murmansk Region History
- Natural Resources of The Murmansk Region
- Murmansk Region Features
- Murmansk Oblast Attractions
According to the archaeological sites, people already lived on the Kola Peninsula in the 8th-7th millennium BC. Much later, the boyars of the Novgorod Republic began to send expeditions to the north to gain fish, fur, seal fat, and other “treasures of the north.”Presumably in the 12th century, the expeditions reached the Kola Peninsula. Locals (the Sami) were taxed tribute. For a while, the Sami had to pay a double tribute because Norway also tried to assert its authority here. However, in 13...
Murmansk oblast is located in northern Europe. About 70% of the territory of the region is located on the Kola Peninsula. Most of the territory is situated within the Arctic Circle. In the south, the Murmansk region borders with the Republic of Karelia, in the west - with Finland, in the northwest - with Norway. It is washed by the White and Barents Seas.The region is very rich in mineral resources. Apatite (Khibiny deposit), valuable raw for phosphoric fertilizers, is mined in the region, ne...
The climate in the southern part of the Murmansk region is moderately cold, in the northern part - subarctic marine, softened with warm North Atlantic Current, which enables navigation throughout a year. In winter, the polar night is common, in summer - the polar day. In Murmansk, the polar night lasts from December 2 to January, 11, the polar day - from May 22 to July 22.The average temperature of the coldest months (January and February) ranges from minus 8 degrees Celsius in the northern p...
In the distant past, the territory of the present Murmansk region was covered by a glacier. That’s why the region has a lot of rivers (Varzuga, Umba, Niva, Voronya, Kola, Tuloma, the longest river - Ponoy) and lakes (Umbozero, Lovozero, the largest lake - Imandra). Almost the entire territory of the Murmansk region is covered by tundra and forest tundra.Today, Murmansk oblast is becoming more and more popular among the lovers of ecological tourism. Environmental tourism is being developed, mo...