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    • National Gallery - Wikipedia
      • The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster , in Central London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. The Gallery is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery
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  2. History | About us | National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › about-us › history

    History. Explore the history of the National Gallery – from the origins of the collection to the present day.

  3. National Gallery - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › National_Gallery

    The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. The Gallery is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

  4. About the building | History | National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › about-us › history

    In 1831 Parliament agreed to construct a building for the National Gallery at Trafalgar Square. There had been lengthy discussion about the best site for the Gallery, and Trafalgar Square was eventually chosen as it was considered to be at the very centre of London. The new building finally opened in 1838. Next: A Gallery for all

  5. Collection history | Paintings | National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › about-us › history
    • The First Paintings
    • Deciding What to Collect
    • The Turner Bequest
    • The New Tate Gallery

    The first paintings in the National Gallery collection came from the financier and collector John Julius Angerstein. They consisted of Italian works, including a large altarpiece by Sebastiano del Piombo, The Raising of Lazarus, and fine examples of the Dutch, Flemish and English Schools. In 1823 the landscape painter and art collector, Sir George Beaumont (1753 – 1827), promised his collection of pictures to the nation, on the condition that suitable accommodation could be provided for their display and conservation. The gift of the pictures was made in 1826. They went on display alongside Angerstein's pictures in Pall Mall until the whole collection was moved to Trafalgar Square in 1838.

    Initially, the Gallery had no formal collection policy, and new pictures were acquired according to the personal tastes of the Trustees. By the 1850s the Trustees were being criticised for neglecting to purchase works of the earlier Italian Schools, then known as the Primitives. Following the reform of Gallery administration in 1855, the new Director travelled throughout Europe to purchase works for the Gallery. In the 10 years that he was Director, Sir Charles Eastlake ensured that the Gallery's collection of Italian painting expanded and widened in scope to become one of the best in the world. Eastlake's purchases included Botticelli's Adoration of the Kings and Uccello's, The Battle of San Romano. In 1871 the Gallery's collection was broadened yet further, when 77 paintings were bought from the collection of the late Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel. These consisted mainly of Dutch and Flemish paintings, and included Hobbema's The Avenue at Middleharnis.

    From the very beginning, the National Gallery's collection had included works by British artists. By the mid-1840s, the rooms of the National Gallery had become overcrowded. When Robert Vernon presented a large gift of British works to the Gallery in 1847, they had to be displayed elsewhere: first at Vernon's private house, and later at Marlborough House. Not long afterwards, the artist Joseph Mallord William Turnerbequeathed over 1000 paintings, drawings and watercolours. When they came into the collection in 1856, they had to be displayed at South Kensington, along with the Vernon collection, which was moved from Marlborough House. In 1876 the National Gallery was enlarged, and the paintings were returned to Trafalgar Square. However, by this time a precedent had been set for exhibiting British works in separate premises. Read the full feature about The Turner Bequest

    In 1889 the wealthy industrialist, Henry Tate, offered his collection to the nation. He subsequently offered to fund the construction of a separate Gallery for British works of art. After lengthy negotiations, a site was selected a mile away from Trafalgar Square, at Millbank, and the Gallery opened in 1897. The new gallery was officially known the National Gallery of British Art, changing its name to the National Gallery, Millbank in 1917. However, it soon became known as the Tate Gallery. The majority of the British pictures were transferred to the Tate Gallery, and only a selection of works remained at Trafalgar Square. At first, the Tate Gallery was under the administration of the National Gallery. In 1955 the Tate was formally established as an independent institution.

  6. The History Of London's National Gallery In 1 Minute

    theculturetrip.com › europe › united-kingdom

    Dec 06, 2016 · The National Gallery was founded in 1824, after the British government bought a collection of 38 pictures from the banker and collector John Julius Angerstein, consisting of Italian, Dutch and English works. When landscape painter and art collector Sir George Beaumont promised his collection to the gallery on the condition that a suitable accommodation for their display and conservation is provided, the parliament agreed to construct a building in 1831.

    • Johanna Gill
  7. The National Gallery, London, History & Photos | Historic ...

    www.britainexpress.com › London › national-gallery

    History In 1824 the British government purchased a collection of 38 paintings from the estate of a wealthy insurance broker named John Julius Angerstein, paying £57,000 for the collection. From this small start, one of the world's great collections of fine art was born.

  8. National Gallery | museum, London, United Kingdom | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › topic › National-Gallery-museum

    The National Gallery was founded in 1824 when the British government bought a collection of 38 paintings from the estate of the merchant John Julius Angerstein (1735–1823). The collection was first exhibited on May 10 of that year in Angerstein’s house at 100 Pall Mall, but in 1838 it was reopened to the public in its current premises.

  9. The National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk

    The National Gallery, London. Welcome Your space for art. Open daily 10am–6pm Friday until 9pm. Closed 24–26 December and 1 January. Admission free ...

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