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  1. › wiki › PhilosophyPhilosophy - Wikipedia

    Jun 21, 2022 · Philosophy (from Greek: φιλοσοφία, philosophia, 'love of wisdom') [1] [2] is the systematized study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind, and language. [3] [4] [5] Such questions are often posed as problems [6] [7] to be studied or resolved.

  2. The Chair of Natural Philosophy is a professorship at the University of Glasgow, in Scotland, which was established in 1727. The Nova Erectio of King James VI of Scotland shared the teaching of moral philosophy, logic and natural philosophy among the regents. In 1727 separate chairs were instituted.

  3. Jun 18, 2022 · Philosophy of science is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods, and implications of science. The central questions of this study concern what qualifies as science, the reliability of scientific theories, and the ultimate purpose of science. This discipline overlaps with metaphysics, ontology, and epistemology, for ...

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  5. › wiki › PhysicsPhysics - Wikipedia

    Jun 18, 2022 · Physics was known as natural philosophy until the late 18th century. By the 19th century, physics was realized as a discipline distinct from philosophy and the other sciences. Physics, as with the rest of science, relies on philosophy of science and its "scientific method" to advance our knowledge of the physical world.

  6. › wiki › NaturopathyNaturopathy - Wikipedia

    Jun 18, 2022 · Naturopathy Alternative medicine A homeopathicpreparation of Hepar sulph – homeopathy can be offered as part of naturopathic treatment. [1] Claims "Nature Cure" Related fields Alternative medicine Original proponents Benedict Lust; Sebastian Kneipp MeSH D009324 See also Humorism, heroic medicine, Vitalism This article is part of a serieson

  7. Jun 11, 2022 · 形而上学 ,港澳台简称 形上学 [註 1] ,也称为 形之上学 、 元物理学 (英語: Metaphysics ),在 古希腊 时期是指研究存在和事物 本质 的学问 [1] 。 形上學是 哲学 的一个分支或范畴,被视为 首要哲学 和“哲学的基本问题”。 对于不能直接透过 感知 所得到答案的问题,它在 先验 条件(可看成 公理化 的假设)下,透过理性的 逻辑推理 推演出答案,并且不能与经验证据相矛盾。 它是人类理性对于事物最普遍的面相和终极的原因的探索的一门学科 [2] 。 《 斯坦福哲学百科全书 》指出,当代的“形而上学”题目在不断的扩展,并解释了其中的原因,以及为什么很难定义清楚什么是形而上学,以及哪些是形而上学研究的对象。 [3] 形上學的主要问题包括 [4] : 根本上有什麼存在?

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