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  1. Dalmatian language - Wikipedia › wiki › Dalmatian_(language)

    May 30, 2021 · Dalmatian (/ d æ l ˈ m eɪ ʃ ən /) or Dalmatic (/ d æ l ˈ m æ t ɪ k /; Dalmatian: langa dalmata or simply dalmato; Italian: lingua dalmatica, dalmatico; Croatian: dalmatski) is an extinct Romance language that was spoken in the Dalmatia region of present-day Croatia, and as far south as Kotor in Montenegro.

  2. Italian cuisine - Wikipedia › wiki › Italian_liqueur

    4 days ago · Italian cuisine started to form after the fall of the Roman Empire when different cities began to separate and form their own traditions. Many different types of bread and pasta were made, and there was a variation in cooking techniques and preparation.

  3. Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) - Wikipedia › wiki › Kingdom_of_Italy_(HRE)

    Jun 13, 2021 · In 1805, while the Holy Roman Empire was still in existence, Napoleon, by now Emperor Napoleon I, claimed the crown of the new Kingdom of Italy for himself, putting the Iron Crown on his head at Milan on 26 May 1805. He also directly annexed most of the former imperial Italy (including Piedmont-Savoy, Liguria, and Tuscany) into France.

  4. Congress of Vienna - Wikipedia › wiki › Congress_Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna (French: Congrès de Vienne, German: Wiener Kongress) of 1814–1815 was a international diplomatic conference to reconstitut the European political order after the downfall of the French Emperor Napoleon I.

  5. Byzantine Empire - Wikipedia › wiki › Vizantija

    Jun 15, 2021 · Byzantine Empire in orange, c. 1180, at the end of the Komnenian period. Alexios's son John II Komnenos succeeded him in 1118 and ruled until 1143. John was a pious and dedicated Emperor who was determined to undo the damage to the empire suffered at the Battle of Manzikert, half a century earlier.

  6. Jun 06, 2021 · Britannica (1911 ed.). ^ Sandys, John Edwin (1910). A companion to Latin studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 811–812. ^ Clark 1900, pp. 1–3 ^ "History of Europe - Barbarian migrations and invasions". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 6 February 2021. ^ Diringer 1996, pp. 533–4 ^ Collier's Encyclopedia: With Bibliography ...

  7. Italia - Wikipedia › wiki › Italiei

    Jun 10, 2021 · Uniunea Europeană (29,2%) Europa non-UE (24,2%) Africa de Nord (14,9%) Asia de Sud (8,8%) Asia de Est (8%) America Latină (7,7%) Africa Subsahariană (6,7%) Altele (0,5%) Imigranți după țară Țară 2013 România 1.206.938 Albania 495.709 Maroc 454.773 China 256.846 Ucraina 219.050 Filipine 162.655 Republica Moldova 149.434 De la începutul anilor 1980, până atunci o societate omogenă ...

  8. Istro-Romanian language — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Istro-Romanian_language
    • Recent History
    • Origin
    • Lexis
    • See Also
    • Bibliography
    • External Links

    There have been many sig­nif­i­cant chal­lenges fac­ing Istro-Ro­ma­ni­ans in pre­serv­ing their lan­guage, cul­ture and eth­nic iden­tity, in­clud­ing em­i­gra­tion from com­mu­nism and mi­gra­tion to nearby cities and towns after World War II, when a peace treaty of Feb­ru­ary 10, 1947, trans­ferred Is­tria from Italy (which had held it since World War I) and awarded it to Yu­goslavia, the par­ent coun­try of pre­sent-day Croa­tia and Slove­nia, which di­vided Is­tria be­tween them­selves, while Italy still re­tained a small por­tion near Tri­este. Be­fore the 20th cen­tury, Istro-Ro­man­ian was spo­ken in a sub­stan­tially broader part of north­east­ern Is­tria sur­round­ing the Ćićarija moun­tain range (an­cient Mons Carusadius).The Istro-Ro­ma­ni­ans now com­prise two groups: the Ćići around Žejane (de­not­ing the peo­ple on the north side of Mt. Učka) and the Vlahi around Šušnje­vica (de­not­ing the peo­ple on the south side of Mt. Učka (Monte Mag­giore). How­ever, apart from...

    Some loan­words sug­gest that be­fore com­ing to Is­tria, Istro-Ro­ma­ni­ans lived for a pe­riod of time on the Dal­ma­t­ian coast near the Di­nara and Velebitmoun­tains. Au­gust Kovačec (1998)[citation needed] hy­poth­e­sizes that the Istro-Ro­ma­ni­ans mi­grated to their pre­sent re­gion about 600 years ago from the ter­ri­tory of pre­sent-day Ro­ma­nia, after the Bubonic plague de­pop­u­lated Is­tria. This hy­poth­e­sis is based on chron­i­cles of the Frankopan princes that state that in the 15th cen­tury they ac­cepted the mi­grat­ing Vlachs from the nearby main­land and from the north­ern part of Krk (Veg­lia) is­land, and set­tled them in iso­lated vil­lages in Poljica and Dubašnica, and in the port of Ma­lin­ska. The term "Vlach", how­ever, refers to all East­ern-Ro­mance-lan­guage speak­ers and can­not be as­so­ci­ated ex­clu­sively with Istro-Ro­ma­ni­ans. In fact, pock­ets of Ro­man­ian-lan­guage speak­ers per­sisted in Ma­lin­ska up to the mid-19th cen­tury, they grad­u­a...

    Al­though it is a Ro­mance lan­guage, Istro-Ro­man­ian has re­ceived a great amount of in­flu­ence from other lan­guages. Ac­cord­ing to a 2005 analy­sis, 50% of the words in Istro-Ro­man­ian come from Serbo-Croa­t­ian, 16% come from ei­ther Serbo-Croa­t­ian or Sloven­ian, 3% come from Sloven­ian, 4.7% come from Ital­ian/Venet­ian, 3.5% come from Old Church Slavonic and only 25% come from Latin.

    Dahmen, Wolfgang (1989). "Istrorumänisch". Lexikon der romanistischen Linguistik (in German). 3. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer. pp. 448–460.
    Feresini, Nerina (1996). Il Comune istro-romeno di Valdarsa(in Italian). Trieste: Edizioni Italo Svevo.
    Frățilă, Vasile (2003). "La terminologia del corpo nel dialetto istroromen". In Sánchez Miret, Fernando (ed.). Actas del XXIII Congreso internacional de lingüística y filología románica, vol. 3, Se...
    Kovačec, August (1998). Istrorumunjsko-hrvatski rječnik s gramatikom i tekstovima (Glosar istroroman-croat cu gramatica si texte). Verba moritura vol. I (in Croatian). Pula: Mediteran. p. 378. ISBN...
  9. Jun 15, 2021 · From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Central European monarchy (1000–1946) Latitude and Longitude: 47°28′N 19°03′E  /  47.467°N 19.050°E  / 47.467;

  10. List of unusual units of measurement — Wikipedia Republished ... › en › List_of_unusual_units_of_measurement
    • Length
    • Area
    • Volume
    • Flow Rate
    • Mass
    • Time
    • Angular Measure
    • Energy
    • Other Metric-Compatible Scales
    • Demography and Epidemiology

    Hammer unit

    Most com­puter pro­grams and games use me­ters as the base unit to rep­re­sent length, but some do not. One of the most com­mon units used in soft­ware, that is un­usual else­where, is the Ham­mer unit, a unit of mea­sure­ment used in Valve's Source engine.One Ham­mer unit is usu­ally de­fined as a six­teenth of a foot (16 Ham­mer units = 1 foot). This means that one Ham­mer unit is equal to ex­actly 0.01905 me­ters, and one meter is equal to 52.49344 Ham­mer units. This scale is not rigidly...

    Rack unit

    One rack unit (U) is 1.75 inches (44.45 mm) and is used to mea­sure rack-mount­able au­dio­vi­sual, com­put­ing and in­dus­trial equip­ment. Rack units are typ­i­cally de­noted with­out a space be­tween the num­ber of units and the 'U'. Thus a 4U serveren­clo­sure (case) is seven inches (177.8 mm) high, or more prac­ti­cally, built to oc­cupy a ver­ti­cal space seven inches high, with suf­fi­cient clear­ance to allow move­ment of ad­ja­cent hard­ware.


    The hand is a non-SI unit of length equal to ex­actly 4 inches (101.6 mm). It is nor­mally used to mea­sure the height of horses in some Eng­lish-speak­ing coun­tries, in­clud­ing Australia,Canada, Ire­land, the United King­dom, and the United States.


    One barn is 10−28 square me­tres, about the cross-sec­tional area of a ura­nium nu­cleus. The name prob­a­bly de­rives from early neu­tron-de­flec­tion ex­per­i­ments, when the ura­nium nu­cleus was de­scribed, and the phrases "big as a barn" and "hit a barn door" were used. Barn are typ­i­cally used for cross sec­tions in nu­clear and par­ti­cle physics. Ad­di­tional units in­clude the mi­cro­barn (or "outhouse")and the yoc­to­barn (or "shed").


    One brass is 100 square feet (9.29 m2) area (used in mea­sure­ment of work done or to be done, such as plas­ter­ing, paint­ing, etc.). It is also equal, how­ever, to 100 cubic feet (2.83 m3) of es­ti­mated or sup­plied loose ma­te­r­ial, such as sand, gravel, rub­ble, etc. This unit is preva­lent in con­struc­tion in­dus­try in India.


    The square is an Im­pe­r­ial unit of area that is used in the con­struc­tion in­dus­try in North America, and was his­tor­i­cally used in Aus­tralia by real es­tate agents. One square is equal to 100 square feet (9.29 m2). A roof's area may be cal­cu­lated in square feet, then con­verted to squares.

    Metric ounce

    A met­ric ounce is an ap­prox­i­ma­tion of the im­pe­r­ial ounce, US dry ounce, or US fluid ounce. These three cus­tom­ary units vary. How­ever, the met­ric ounce is usu­ally taken as 25 or 30 ml when vol­ume is being mea­sured, or grams when mass is being mea­sured. The US Food and Drug Ad­min­is­tra­tion (FDA) de­fines the "food la­bel­ing ounce" as 30 ml, slightly larger than the 29.6 ml fluid ounce. Sev­eral Dutch units of mea­sure­ment have been re­placed with in­for­mal met­ric equiv­a­...


    The shot is a liq­uid vol­ume mea­sure that varies from coun­try to coun­try and state to state de­pend­ing on leg­is­la­tion. It is rou­tinely used for mea­sur­ing strong liquor or spir­its when the amount served and con­sumed is smaller than the more com­mon mea­sures of al­co­holic "drink" and "pint". There is a legally de­fined max­i­mum size of a serv­ing in some ju­ris­dic­tions. The size of a "sin­gle" shot is 20–60 ml (0.70–2.11 imp fl oz; 0.68–2.03 US fl oz). The smaller "pony" shot...

    Board foot or super foot

    A board foot is a United States and Cana­dian unit of vol­ume, used for lum­ber. It is equiv­a­lent to 1 inch × 1 foot × 1 foot (144 cu in or 2,360 cm3). It is also found in the unit of den­sity pounds per board foot. In Aus­tralia and New Zealand the terms super foot or su­per­fi­cial footwere for­merly used for this unit. A board foot is an in­con­sis­tent mea­sure­ment unit that may refer to nom­i­nal or ac­tual di­men­sions.

    Miner's inch

    The vol­ume of water which flows in one unit of time through an ori­fice one inch square or in di­am­e­ter. The size of the unit varies from one place to an­other.

    Bag of cement and bag mix

    The mass of an old bag of ce­ment was one hun­dred­weight ~ 112 lb, ap­prox­i­mately 50 kg. The amount of ma­te­r­ial that, say, an air­craft could carry into the air is often vi­su­alised as the num­ber of bags of ce­ment that it could lift. In the con­crete and pe­tro­leum in­dus­try, how­ever, a bag of ce­ment is de­fined as 94 pounds (~ 42.6 kg), be­cause it has an ap­par­ent vol­ume close to 1 cubic foot (28 L). When ready-mix con­crete is spec­i­fied, a "bag mix" unit is used as if the...


    In 1793, the French term "grave" (from "grav­ity") was sug­gested as the base unit of mass for the met­ric sys­tem. In 1795, how­ever, the name "kilo­gramme" was adopted in­stead.


    When re­port­ing on the masses of ex­tra­so­lar plan­ets, as­tronomers often dis­cuss them in terms of mul­ti­ples of Jupiter's mass (MJ = 1.9 ×1027 kg).For ex­am­ple, "As­tronomers re­cently dis­cov­ered a planet out­side our Solar Sys­tem with a mass of ap­prox­i­mately 3 Jupiters." Fur­ther­more, the mass of Jupiter is nearly equal to one thou­sandth of the mass of the Sun.


    George Gamow dis­cussed mea­sure­ments of time such as the "light-mile" and "light-foot", the time taken for light to travel the spec­i­fied unit dis­tance, de­fined by "re­vers­ing the pro­ce­dure" used in defin­ing a light-year. A light-foot is roughly one nanosec­ond.


    In nu­clear en­gi­neer­ing and as­tro­physics con­texts, the shake is some­times used as a con­ve­niently short pe­riod of time. 1 shake is de­fined as 10 nanosec­onds.


    In com­put­ing, the jiffy is the du­ra­tion of one tick of the sys­tem timer in­ter­rupt. Typ­i­cally, this time is 0.01 sec­onds, though in some ear­lier sys­tems (such as the Com­modore 8-bit ma­chines) the jiffy was de­fined as 1⁄60 of a sec­ond, roughly equal to the ver­ti­cal re­fresh pe­riod (i.e. the field rate) on NTSC video hard­ware (and the pe­riod of AC elec­tric powerin North Amer­ica).


    The Fur­man is a unit of an­gu­lar mea­sure equal to 1⁄65,536 of a cir­cle, or just under 20 arc­sec­onds. It is named for Alan T. Fur­man, the Amer­i­can math­e­mati­cian who adapted the CORDIC al­go­rithm for 16-bit fixed-point arith­metic some­time around 1980. 16 bits give a res­o­lu­tion of 216= 65,536 dis­tinct an­gles.

    Binary degree, binary radian, brad

    A re­lated unit of an­gu­lar mea­sure equal to 1⁄256 of a cir­cle, rep­re­sented by 8 bits, has found some use in ma­chin­ery con­trol where fine pre­ci­sion is not re­quired, most no­tably crank­shaft and camshaft po­si­tion in in­ter­nal com­bus­tion en­gine con­trollers, and in video game pro­gram­ming. There is no con­sen­sus as to its name, but it has been called the 8-Bit Fur­man, the Small Fur­man, the Fur­boy and more re­cently, the mi­Fur­man, (milli-bi­nary-Fur­man). These units are...


    Co­or­di­nates were mea­sured in grades on of­fi­cial French ter­res­trial ord­nance charts from the French rev­o­lu­tion well into the 20th cen­tury. 1 grade (or in mod­ern sym­bol­ogy 1 gon) = 0.9° or 0.01 right angle. One ad­van­tage of this mea­sure is that the dis­tance be­tween lat­i­tude lines 0.01 gon apart at the equa­tor is al­most ex­actly 1 kilo­me­ter (and would be ex­actly 1 km if the orig­i­nal de­f­i­n­i­tion of 1 meter = 1⁄10,000 quar­ter-merid­ian had been ad­hered to). One...

    Electronvolt mass

    It is com­mon in par­ti­cle physics, where mass and en­ergy are often in­ter­changed, to use eV/c2, where eV (elec­tron­volt) is the ki­netic en­ergy of an elec­tron ac­cel­er­ated over one volt (1.6×10−19 joules), c is the speed of light in a vac­uum (from E = mc2). This de­f­i­n­i­tion is use­ful for a lin­ear par­ti­cle ac­cel­er­a­torwhen ac­cel­er­at­ing elec­trons. 1. 1.1. 1 Da = 931.46 MeV/c2 More fre­quently the sys­tem of nat­ural units where c=1, and eV was used as a unit of mass.[c...

    Gasoline gallon equivalent

    In 2011 the United States En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency in­tro­duced the gal­lon gaso­line equivalent as a unit of en­ergy be­cause their re­search showed most U.S. cit­i­zens do not un­der­stand the stan­dard units. The gal­lon gaso­line equiv­a­lent is de­fined as 33.7 kWh, or about 1.213×108joules. Ef­fi­ciency / fuel econ­omy can be given as miles per gal­lon gaso­line equiv­a­lent.

    Tons of TNT equivalent

    The en­ergy of var­i­ous amounts of the ex­plo­sive TNT (kilo­ton, mega­ton, gi­ga­ton) is often used as a unit of ex­plo­sion en­ergy, and some­times of as­ter­oid im­pacts and vi­o­lent ex­plo­sive vol­canic erup­tions. One ton of TNT pro­duces 4.184×109 joules, or (by ar­bi­trary de­f­i­n­i­tion) ex­actly 109 ther­mo­chem­i­cal calo­ries (ap­prox­i­mately 3.964×106BTU). This de­f­i­n­i­tion is only loosely based on the ac­tual phys­i­cal prop­er­ties of TNT.

    Power: Ton of refrigeration

    The rate at which heat is re­moved by melt­ing one short ton (910 kg) of ice in 24 hours is called a ton of re­frig­er­a­tion, or even a ton of cool­ing. This unit of re­frig­er­a­tion ca­pac­ity came from the days when large blocks of ice were used for cool­ing, and is still used to de­scribe the heat-re­moval ca­pa­bil­i­ties of re­frig­er­a­tors and chillers today. One ton of re­frig­er­a­tion is ex­actly equal to 12,000 BTU/h, or 3.517 kW.

    Flow: Amazon River

    The vol­ume of dis­charge of the Ama­zon River some­times used to de­scribe large vol­umes of water flow such as ocean cur­rents. The unit is equiv­a­lent to 216,000 m3/s.

    Flow: Sverdrup

    One Sver­drup (Sv) is equal to 1,000,000 cubic me­tres per sec­ond (264,000,000 USgal/s). It is used al­most ex­clu­sively in oceanog­ra­phy to mea­sure the vol­u­met­ric rate of trans­port of ocean cur­rents.

    De­mog­ra­phy and quan­ti­ta­tive epi­demi­ol­ogy are sta­tis­ti­cal fields that deal with counts or pro­por­tions of peo­ple, or rates of change in these. Counts and pro­por­tions are tech­ni­cally di­men­sion­less, and so have no units of mea­sure­ment, al­though iden­ti­fiers such as "peo­ple", "births", "in­fec­tions" and the like are used for clar­ity. Rates of change are counts per unit of time and strictly have in­verse time di­men­sions (per unit of time). In de­mog­ra­phy and epi­demi­ol­ogy ex­pres­sions such as "deaths per year"are used to clar­ify what is being mea­sured. Preva­lence, a com­mon mea­sure in epi­demi­ol­ogy is strictly a type of de­nom­i­na­tor data, a di­men­sion­less ratio or pro­por­tion. Preva­lencemay be ex­pressed as a frac­tion, a per­cent­age or as the num­ber of cases per 1,000, 10,000 or 100,000 in the pop­u­la­tion of in­ter­est.

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