After the necropsy, the number of correct predicted causes of death ranged from 39% to 46%. Ischaemic heart disease was found to be the most common and most accurately predicted cause of death....
ALTHOUGH living past the age of 100 is not a new phenomenon, it was much rarer in the past. In industrialized countries, the number of centenarians is increasing at a rapid rate of about 8% per year (1), whereas world-wide population is growing at a rate of 1% per year (2). In Austria for instance, four centenarians were registered in 1950, and 380...
Included in this retrospective study were nonhospitalized centenarians who fulfilled the working definition of having a sudden natural death (unexpected or unexplained deaths of nonhospitalized individuals ≥100 years which were without obvious cause of death or prevailing diseases). All nonhospitalized individuals dying of a sudden natural death we...
Incidence, Age, and Sex
According to the mortality registrar of Vienna, 842 individuals ≥100 years died in Vienna between 1985 and 2002, giving an average of 6.8 cases per 100,000 (CI: 6.3–7.3). Forty (4.8%) of these 842 deceased centenarians died out of hospital and underwent autopsy at the institute. There was a predominance of women (29 women vs 11 men), constituting a ratio of 2.6:1. The median age (± standard deviation) was 102 ± 2.0 (range: 100–108) years.
Circumstances of Death
In all cases, sudden death occurred in private homes. Resuscitation was attempted in 57% of these centenarians. Twenty-nine individuals lived unaccompanied in their homes, 14 of them without any care and 15 with regular care by neighbors, relatives, or welfare workers. Eleven centenarians lived with at least one family member. All centenarians were widowed.
Season and Time of Death
Sudden death in centenarians was distributed nearly equally throughout the year, with only slightly more deaths during 3 months (May, June, and July). The time of death peaked between 7:00 am and 9:00 am.
Literature addressing the specific topic of autopsies in centenarians is rare and includes predominantly hospitalized or institutionalized individuals of a very limited number (6,12–15). This current Viennese study fills the gap of knowledge concerning the causes of death in centenarians dying at home. Our major finding is the striking contrast bet...
- Andrea M. Berzlanovich, Wolfgang Keil, Thomas Waldhoer, Ernst Sim, Peter Fasching, Barbara Fazeny-Dö...
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Nov 2007. Melonie Heron. Objectives—This report presents final 2004 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, race, sex, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant ...
RESULTSEight hundred cases of first ever subarachnoid haemorrhage were identified; 77% of cases were verified by CT, 22% by necropsy, and 1% by lumbar puncture. The incidence rates are higher than those previously reported in the United Kingdom.
- L H Pobereskin
Dec 10, 2017 · Accidental or intentional injuries comprise the leading cause of death in individuals from ages 1 to 44 years; still, at least half of the deaths coming to the attention of the medical examiner...
causes of death, were circulated to all coroners in England and W ales. F or each case they were asked to provide a verdict, with explanation. The deaths fell into three g roups: (1) postoperative,...