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  1. Biografia de Nelson Mandela - Biografias y Vidas .com

    Nelson Mandela (Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela; Mvezo, Transkei, 1918 - Johannesburgo, 2013) Activista y político sudafricano que lideró los movimientos contra el apartheid y que, tras una larga lucha y 27 años de cárcel, presidió en 1994 el primer gobierno que ponía fin al régimen racista.

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  3. Nelson Mandela | Biography, Life, Death, & Facts | Britannica

    Nelson Mandela, in full Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, byname Madiba, (born July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa—died December 5, 2013, Johannesburg), Black nationalist and the first Black president of South Africa (1994–99).

    • When and where was Nelson Mandela born?
      Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, also known as Madiba, was born Rolihlahla Mandela on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, South Africa; the name Nelson was later ad...
    • When did Nelson Mandela die?
      Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013, in Johannesburg. He was 95 years old. After his death was announced, his life was remembered and celebrate...
    • What is Nelson Mandela known for?
      Nelson Mandela is known for several things, but perhaps he is best known for successfully leading the resistance to South Africa’s policy of aparth...
    • To whom was Nelson Mandela married?
      Nelson Mandela had three wives: Evelyn Ntoko Mase (1944–58); Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (1958–96), who was also a noteworthy anti-apartheid champion...
    • What publications did Nelson Mandela write?
      Nelson Mandela’s writings included I Am Prepared to Die (1964; rev. ed. 1986); No Easy Walk to Freedom (1965; updated ed. 2002); The Struggle Is My...
  4. Biography of Nelson Mandela – Nelson Mandela Foundation
    • Early life
    • Education
    • Later career
    • Early career
    • Controversy
    • Trial
    • Marriage
    • Aftermath
    • Later life
    • Personal life
    • Legacy
    • Ancestry

    He attended primary school in Qunu where his teacher, Miss Mdingane, gave him the name Nelson, in accordance with the custom of giving all schoolchildren Christian names.

    He completed his Junior Certificate at Clarkebury Boarding Institute and went on to Healdtown, a Wesleyan secondary school of some repute, where he matriculated. Mandela began his studies for a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University College of Fort Hare but did not complete the degree there as he was expelled for joining in a student protest. He completed his BA through the University of South Africa and went back to Fort Hare for his graduation in 1943.

    In 1952 he was chosen as the National Volunteer-in-Chief of the Defiance Campaign with Maulvi Cachalia as his deputy. This campaign of civil disobedience against six unjust laws was a joint programme between the ANC and the South African Indian Congress. He and 19 others were charged under the Suppression of Communism Act for their part in the campaign and sentenced to nine months of hard labour, suspended for two years.

    A two-year diploma in law on top of his BA allowed Mandela to practise law, and in August 1952 he and Oliver Tambo established South Africas first black law firm, Mandela & Tambo.

    At the end of 1952 he was banned for the first time. As a restricted person he was only permitted to watch in secret as the Freedom Charter was adopted in Kliptown on 26 June 1955.

    Mandela was arrested in a countrywide police swoop on 5 December 1956, which led to the 1956 Treason Trial. Men and women of all races found themselves in the dock in the marathon trial that only ended when the last 28 accused, including Mandela, were acquitted on 29 March 1961. He was charged with leaving the country without a permit and inciting workers to strike. He was convicted and sentenced to five years' imprisonment, which he began serving at the Pretoria Local Prison. On 27 May 1963 he was transferred to Robben Island and returned to Pretoria on 12 June. Within a month police raided Liliesleaf, a secret hideout in Rivonia, Johannesburg, used by ANC and Communist Party activists, and several of his comrades were arrested. On 9 October 1963 Mandela joined 10 others on trial for sabotage in what became known as the Rivonia Trial. While facing the death penalty his words to the court at the end of his famous \\"Speech from the Dock\\" on 20 April 1964 became immortalised: On 12 August 1988 he was taken to hospital where he was diagnosed with tuberculosis. After more than three months in two hospitals he was transferred on 7 December 1988 to a house at Victor Verster Prison near Paarl where he spent his last 14 months of imprisonment. He was released from its gates on Sunday 11 February 1990, nine days after the unbanning of the ANC and the PAC and nearly four months after the release of his remaining Rivonia comrades. Throughout his imprisonment he had rejected at least three conditional offers of release.

    During the trial Mandela married a social worker, Winnie Madikizela, on 14 June 1958. They had two daughters, Zenani and Zindziswa. The couple divorced in 1996.

    Days before the end of the Treason Trial, Mandela travelled to Pietermaritzburg to speak at the All-in Africa Conference, which resolved that he should write to Prime Minister Verwoerd requesting a national convention on a non-racial constitution, and to warn that should he not agree there would be a national strike against South Africa becoming a republic. After he and his colleagues were acquitted in the Treason Trial, Mandela went underground and began planning a national strike for 29, 30 and 31 March. In the face of massive mobilisation of state security the strike was called off early. In June 1961 he was asked to lead the armed struggle and helped to establish Umkhonto weSizwe (Spear of the Nation), which launched on 16 December 1961 with a series of explosions.

    Mandela immersed himself in official talks to end white minority rule and in 1991 was elected ANC President to replace his ailing friend, Oliver Tambo. In 1993 he and President FW de Klerk jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize and on 27 April 1994 he voted for the first time in his life.

    In April 2007 his grandson, Mandla Mandela, was installed as head of the Mvezo Traditional Council at a ceremony at the Mvezo Great Place.

    Nelson Mandela never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning. Despite terrible provocation, he never answered racism with racism. His life is an inspiration to all who are oppressed and deprived; and to all who are opposed to oppression and deprivation.

    1. Nelson Mandela's father died in 1930 when Mandela was 12 and his mother died in 1968 when he was in prison. While the autobiography Long Walk to Freedom says his father died when he was nine, historical evidence shows it must have been later, most likely 1930. In fact, the original Long Walk to Freedom manuscript (written on Robben Island) states the year as 1930, when he was 12.

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  5. Nelson Mandela - Biographical -

    Questions and answers on Nelson Mandela N elson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918. His father was Hendry Mphakanyiswa of the Tembu Tribe. Mandela himself was educated at University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand where he studied law.

  6. Nelson Mandela - Quotes, Spouse & Death - Biography

    Nelson Mandela was a social rights activist, politician and philanthropist who became South Africa’s first Black president from 1994 to 1999. After becoming involved in the anti- apartheid movement...

    • 3 min
  7. Biografia de Nelson Mandela - eBiografia
    • Infância E Juventude
    • A Luta de Mandela Contra as Leis de Apartheid
    • Prisão de Mandela
    • Presidente Da África Do Sul
    • Família

    Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) nasceu em Mvezo, África do Sul, no dia 18 de julho de 1918. Filho em uma família de nobreza tribal, da etnia Xhosa, recebeu o nome de Rolihiahia Dalibhunga Mandela. Em 1925 ingressou na escola primária, onde recebeu da professora o nome de Nelson, em homenagem ao Almirante Horatio Nelson, seguindo um costume de dar nomes ingleses a todas as crianças que frequentavam a escola. Com nove anos de idade, após a morte do seu pai, Mandela foi levado para a vila real, onde ficou aos cuidados do regente do povo Tambu. Ao terminar sua formação elementar, Entrou na escola preparatória, Clarkebury Boarding Institute, um colégio exclusivo para negros, onde estudou a cultura ocidental. Em seguida, ingressou no Colégio Healdtown, onde era interno. Em 1939, Mandela ingressou no curso de Direito, na Universidade de Fort Hare, a primeira Universidade da África do Sul a ministrar cursos para negros. Por se envolver em protestos, junto com o movimento estudantil, contra a fal...

    Entre as heranças deixadas pelos colonizadores europeus na África, o mais brutal foi o racismo da África do Sul. Apoiados nas ideias de superioridade racial do branco, o homem europeu instituiu leis que sustentaram o regime de “apartheid” (separação) durante longos anos. Era proibido o casamento inter-racial, era obrigado o registro da raça na certidão, brancos e negros viviam em áreas separadas, onde as escolas, hospitais, praças etc. eram estabelecidos em locais distintos para as duas raças etc. A segregação racial, a falta de direitos políticos e civis e o confinamento dos negros, em regiões determinadas pelo governo branco, provocou uma série de massacres e mortes da população negra. Muitos homens e mulheres da comunidade negra sul-africana dedicaram suas vidas a essa grande causa: o fim do apartheid. Um dos mais notáveis líderes do movimento negro da África do Sul foi Nelson Mandela. Em 1944, junto com Walter Sisulo e Oliver Tambo, fundou a Liga Jovem do Congresso Nacional Afri...

    Em 1960, diversos líderes negros foram perseguidos, presos, torturados, assassinados ou condenados. Entre eles estava Mandela, que em 1964 foi condenado à prisão perpétua. Na década de 80, intensificou-se a condenação internacional ao apartheid que culminou com um plebiscito que terminou com a aprovação do fim do regime. No dia 11 de fevereiro de 1990, depois de 26 anos, o presidente da África do Sul Frederik de Klerk, liberta Mandela. Ao sair da prisão, Mandela faz um discurso chamando o país para a reconciliação: “Eu lutei contra a dominação branca e lutei contra a dominação negra. Eu tenho prezado pelo ideal de uma sociedade democrática e livre, na qual todas as pessoas possam viver juntas em harmonia e com iguais oportunidades. É um ideal pelo qual eu espero viver e que eu espero alcançar. Mas caso seja necessário, é um ideal pelo qual eu estou pronto para morrer”. Em 1993, Nelson Mandela e o presidente assinam uma nova Constituição sul-africana, pondo fim a mais de 300 anos de...

    Após longas negociações, Mandela conseguiu a realização das eleições multirraciais em abril de 1994. Seu partido saiu vitorioso, e Mandela foi eleito presidente da África do Sul. Finalmente, seu governo, com maioria no parlamento, acabou com o longo período de opressão aprovando importantes leis em favor dos negros. Mandela governou até 1999, quando conseguiu eleger seu sucessor. Em 2006, foi premiado pela Anistia Internacional, por sua luta em favor dos direitos humanos.

    Em 1944, Mandela casa-se com a enfermeira Evelyn Mase, com quem teve duas filhas e dois filhos. Em 1958 o casal se separa e nesse mesmo ano, casa-se com a militante antiapartheid, Winnie Madikizela, com quem teve duas filhas. Em 1995 o casal se separa. Em 1998, casa-se com Graça Machel. Em 1999, ao deixar a presidência, vai morar com Graça em seu pequeno vilarejo de Qunu, quando criam uma fundação em defesa dos direitos humanos. Nelson Mandela faleceu em Joanesburgo, África do Sul, no dia 5 de dezembro de 2013. Achamos que você também vai gostar de ler: 1. Quem foi Nelson Mandela? 13 momentos marcantes da biografia do líder antiapartheid 2. A biografia de 21 personalidades negras muito importantes da história

  8. Biografía de Nelson Mandela (Su vida, historia, bio resumida)

    Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela nació el 18 de julio de 1918 en Mvezo, El Cabo.

  9. Biografía de Nelson Mandela corta y resumida ️

    Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, es el nombre completo del activista político sudafricano, que nació el 18 de julio de 1918 en Mvezo. Pertenece al grupo étnico Xhosa y es parte de la casa de Tembu. Fue el primer presidente de raza negra elegido por voto universal y libre.

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  10. Biografia di Nelson Mandela - Biografieonline

    Storia della vita di Nelson Mandela, politico sudafricano, premio Nobel. Fight for your rights!. Leggendo questo profilo biografico puoi conoscere anche la bibliografia, la discografia, la data in cui è nato, il giorno e l'età in cui è morto.

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