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  1. The Nenets language is on the Samoyedic branch of the Uralic language family, with two major dialects, Forest Nenets and Tundra Nenets. Ethnologue says that in Siberia, most young people are still fluent in Nenets, whereas in European Russia, they tend to speak Russian.

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    Founding

    The show's first broadcast aired on January 14, 1952 as the brainchild of television executive Sylvester Weaver, who was then vice president of NBC. Weaver was president of the company from 1953 to 1955, during which time Today's late-night companion The Tonight Show premiered. In pre-production, the show's proposed working title was The Rise and Shine Revue. The show was first supervised by Jerome Alan Danzig. Today was the first program of its genre when it premiered with original host Dave...

    Scheduling history

    When Today debuted, it was seen live only in the Eastern Time Zone and Central Time Zone, broadcasting for three hours each morning but seen for only two hours in each time zone. Since 1958, Today has only broadcast live on the Eastern Time Zone, and has been on broadcast delay for the five other U.S. time zones (Central, Mountain Time Zone, Pacific Time Zone, Alaska Time Zone and Hawaii–Aleutian Time Zone). Partly to accommodate host Dave Garroway's declining health, the program ceased live...

    The program airs live in the Eastern Time Zone and on tape delay beginning at 7:00 a.m. in each of the remaining time zones. The remaining three feeds are frequently updated with minor fixes and repairs, and often, correspondents will tape updates that are then edited into the delayed feeds. NBC affiliates in some markets including in the east coast, such as WYFF in Greenville, South Carolina, air the third and fourth hours of Todayon tape delay to accommodate live syndicated programmes airing at such times. When breaking news stories warrant, Todaywill produce a West Coast edition by broadcasting parts of the show live for viewers there. In such an event, the live portion does not typically go beyond the 7:00 a.m. (Pacific Time) half-hour or the bloc before the first set of advertisements. Once completed, the remaining blocs/segments taped from the East Coast edition will follow. Throughout the live segment, the presenters will explicitly make some reference to the show being live...

    RCA Exhibition Hall

    The Today program first originated from the RCA Exhibition Hall on 49th Street in Manhattan in a space now occupied by the Christie'sauction house, just down the block from the present-day studio. The first set placed a functional newsroom in the studio, which Garroway called "the nerve center of the world.” The barrier between backstage and on-stage was virtually nonexistent. Garroway and the on-air staff often walked through the newsroom set. Glimpses of the camera crew and technicians were...

    Studio 3K, Florida Showcase, Studio 8G, and Studio 3B

    In the summer of 1958, television manufacturer Philco complained to NBC that staging Today in a studio explicitly called the RCA Exhibition Hall was unfair (RCA owned NBC at the time). The network bowed to the pressure, and on July 7, 1958, Todaymoved across the street to Studio 3K in the RCA Building, where it remained through the early 1960s. On July 9, 1962, the program returned to a street-side studio in the space then occupied by the Florida Showcase. Each day, the Today production crew...

    Studio 1A

    Todaymoved to the new street-side studio on June 20, 1994, providing a link to the show's 1950s origin. Since the debut of the 1990s set, the national morning news programs of each of the major broadcast and cable-news networks have moved street-side – including two of Today's Rockefeller Center neighbors, Fox News' Fox & Friends (at Sixth Avenue) and CNN's since-cancelled American Morning (in the summer of 2005, CNN reversed the trend, abandoning its street-level studio and moving upstairs i...

    Weekdays

    1. Savannah Guthrie 2. Hoda Kotb 3. Al Roker 4. Craig Melvin 5. Carson Daly 6. Natalie Morales 1. Sheinelle Jones 2. Dylan Dreyer 3. Jenna Bush Hager

    Weekends

    1. Kristen Welker Saturday Co-Anchor 2. Willie Geist Sunday Anchor 3. Dylan Dreyer Weather and Feature Anchor Saturday editions are anchored by Peter Alexander and Kristen Welker from Washington, D.C. with Dylan Dreyer, based in New York City, reporting the weather and serving as feature anchor. Sunday editions are anchored by Willie Geistfrom New York City.

    Former staff

    Today anchors started out as "Communicators". Creator Pat Weaver envisioned a person whose responsibilities would go beyond the bounds of traditional sit-down news anchors. The Communicator would interview, report, moderate dialogue and generally tie the show together into a coherent whole.Garroway and his successors have all followed that model, with little variation. Now, the hosts are expected to do much the same, and on any given day will talk with correspondents, newsmakers and lifestyle...

    Pauley to Norville

    In 1989, Deborah Norville (then anchor of the network's early-morning news program at the time, NBC News at Sunrise) replaced John Palmer at the Today newsdesk, at which point he assumed her previous role on Sunrise. She also began substituting for Tom Brokaw on NBC Nightly News. Shortly after Norville's appointment as Today's news anchor, the decision was made to feature her as an unofficial third host. Whereas Palmer had read the news from a desk separate from where Gumbel and Pauley sat, N...

    Norville to Couric

    By the end of 1990, Today, the longtime dominant program, was officially the second-place morning show behind GMA, and most of the blame was pinned on Norville. By the outbreak of the Gulf War in 1991, Norville saw her role as co-host continually minimized. Today aired special editions of the program called "America at War," with Gumbel anchoring most of the show alone. It was not uncommon for Norville not even to appear until the two-hour show's second half-hour. In addition, she was directe...

    Couric to Vieira

    On April 5, 2006, Katie Couric announced on her 15th anniversary as co-host of Today that she would leave the program and NBC News at the end of May to become the new anchor and managing editor of the CBS Evening News. Couric's final broadcast, on May 31, 2006, was dedicated to her 15 years as one of the show's co-hosts, and celebrated her move to the anchor chair at CBS, where she also became a correspondent for the network's Sunday night newsmagazine program 60 Minutes. Couric said during t...

    Gumbel's memo

    In 1989, Bryant Gumbel wrote a memo to the program's then-executive producer Marty Ryan, which was critical of other Today personalities, and was leaked to the press. In the memo, Gumbel commented that Willard Scott "holds the show hostage to his assortment of whims, wishes, birthdays and bad taste... This guy is killing us and no one's even trying to rein him in." He commented that Gene Shalit's movie reviews "are often late and his interviews aren't very good". There was enough negative bac...

    Selective editing of George Zimmerman 9-1-1 call

    After the killing of Trayvon Martin, Today ran a selectively edited version of the 9-1-1 call that George Zimmerman made prior to shooting and killing Martin (which he defended as being committed in self-defense while standing trial for the shooting, for which he was acquitted on charges of murder in July 2013), which had the effect of making Zimmerman appear racist. In a March 2012 edition of the program, Todayplayed a recording of Zimmerman saying, "This guy looks like he's up to no good. H...

    9/11 Moment of Silence omission

    On September 11, 2012, Today sparked outrage after the program neglected to interrupt an interview with Keeping Up with the Kardashians co-star Kris Jenner to broadcast the 11th anniversary remembrance ceremonies of the September 11 attacks at 8:46 a.m. Eastern. NBC was the only national television news outlet in the United States that did not interrupt regular programming to broadcast the moment of silence live. While the coverage of the ceremonies was not seen on the NBC network feed in mos...

    Today host Dave Garroway selected Les Brown's "Sentimental Journey" as the program's original theme music, which was used during Garroway's entire run from 1952 to 1961. In 1962, when Hugh Downs became host, Django Reinhardt's "Melodie au Crepuscule" was chosen as the new theme; it was replaced in 1963 by "Misty", an instrumental ballad composed by Erroll Garner and performed by Bobby Hackettand John B. Seng. "Misty" served as Today's theme until 1971, when NBC News correspondent Frank McGee joined the show. Composer Ray Ellis penned an instrumental theme entitled "This is Today", a jazzy, up-tempo piece that served as the program's main theme until 1978. Because This is Today closely resembled Stephen Schwartz's song "Day by Day" from the musical Godspell, Schwartz successfully sued for copyright infringement. "This is Today" was revised as a result, with the second version of the piece incorporating the familiar NBC chimes was used until 1981, at the close of the Tom Brokaw–Jane P...

    From 1995 to 2012, Today generally beat ABC rival Good Morning America in the Nielsen ratings among all network morning programs. By the week of September 11, 2006, the program earned 6.320 million total viewers, 1.6 million more than the 4.73 million viewers earned by Good Morning America. This gap eventually decreased, as by the week of June 30, 2008, Today was watched by an average of 4.9 million viewers, compared to Good Morning America's 3.8 million. Furthermore, by the week of October 12, 2008, Today's total viewership had gone up to 4.910 million viewers, compared to second place Good Morning America's total viewership of 4.25 million (and significantly above the 2.66 million viewers earned by CBS' The Early Show).For the week above, the third hour (referred as "Today II" by NBC exclusively for Nielsen ratings counts) drew 2.9 million viewers and the fourth hour (referred in Nielsen ratings as "Today III"), delivered 1.7 million. For the week of January 4, 2009, the 8:00 a.m....

    NBC News programs, including the live broadcast of Today, are shown daily on the 24-hour news network OSN News in MENARegion.
    In Australia, NBC Today (the title used in that country to avoid confusion with the local Nine Network program Today) airs an edited 42-minute version of the first two hours from 4:00 a.m. Tuesday...
    In the Philippines, Today aired on 9TV (formerly called as Talk TV and Solar News Channel) from 2011 to August 2014; an edited 90-minute version of the weekday editions aired Tuesdays through Satur...
    In the United Kingdom and Europe, Today originally aired on Sky News from 1989 to 1993, and on NBC Europefrom 1993 to 1998. The show was initially aired live in the afternoon until 1995, when NBC E...

    List of special editions of Today (American TV program), for editions of the program marking major news events or breaking news coverage

  2. Pages in category "Nenets people" The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

  3. Nenets Autonomous Okrug ( Russian: Не́нецкий автоно́мный о́круг; Nenets: Ненёцие автономной ӈокрук, Nenjocije awtonomnoj ŋokruk) is a federal subject of Russia and part of Arkhangelsk Oblast (an autonomous okrug of Arkhangelsk Oblast ). Its administrative center is the town of Naryan-Mar.

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    Where did the Nenets tribe move their reindeer?

  5. Jun 11, 2021 · Category:Nenets people. English: The Nenets are an indigenous people in Russia. According to the latest census in 2002, there are 41,302 Nenets in the Russian Federation, most of them living in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Nenets Autonomous Okrug. They speak either the Tundra or Forest varieties of Nenets.

  6. www.bbc.co.uk › tribe › tribesBBC - Tribe - Nenets

    • Nenets Life
    • Hunting
    • The Future
    • Bibliography

    The chumis the living space and is made of reindeer skins that arelaid over a skeleton of long wooden poles, many of which have a specialposition in the structure and are not interchangeable. Usually therewill be one family per chum and the number of chums will depend on thesize of the brigade or camp. During migrations chums are moved everyother day among the most mobile herders and the chum sites are chosenbased on pasture, relief and ground quality - having a water sourcenearby is also important, for brewing the number one Nenets beverage,Sri Lanka black tea. After checking the vegetation on a chum site theBrigadier thrusts his reindeer driving stick (called khorei) into theground exactly where he wants the centre of the chum to be. Thespace outside the chum is laid out in the same way at every chum site.Sledges and caravans are arranged in half-circles around the chum, withthe sledges for supply and women’s belongings more in front of the chumand male belongings more behind it....

    Hunting and fishingsupplement the Nenets way of life. For those with smaller herds,fishing is of particular importance and counts for most of theirincome. When meat can’t be stored, during summer months, it makes moresense to fish for subsistence rather than to slaughter, at these timesthe main diet becomes fish, both raw and cooked. During the winter theNenets fish through ice holes using a large net that is set underneaththe ice. When fishing in this way Nenets men can be seen plunging theirhands into ice cold water, to warm them up! Traditionally hunting wasdone with traps and snares but nowadays, with no market for polar fox,hunting is done more for sport and to add a little variety to the diet.Almost every herder carries a gun that comes in extremely handy forprotecting the herd from predators.Language The Nenets will often be seen picnicking outside with tea and biscuitsbefore they undergo a subzero migration. When talking amongstthemselves Nenets speak a language that is not...

    Since the discovery of oil and gas reserves in the 1970s the Nenetshave had increasing contact with the outside world and theinfrastructure on the Yamal Peninsula has been rapidly expanding. Thetundra is now home to several gas worker villages, is covered bythousands of exploration drill sites, and is home to a new railroadconnecting Russia to the West. Building infrastructure on a Peninsulaof permafrost, bogs and lakes has significant consequences for theNenets’ indigenous lifestyle that exists on this environment.Malpractice has been recognised in the region and today there is agreater awareness of the dangers. Herders have also seen benefits fromoil and gas, for example, there’s trading to be done with oil workerswho can get fresh meat and fish in exchange for rice/pasta staples andfree rides on gas worker transport. This relationship has turned somelocal gas workers into 'tundra experts' who know the details of theherders’ summer migration patterns. Nenets people have become mor...

    Furtherreading on Nenets reindeer herding and challenges for Nomads today: Florian Stammler (2005) 'Reindeer Nomads Meet the Market:Culture, Property and Globalisation at the End of the Land.' Muenster: LitverlagISBN 3-8258-8046-x A special issue of the journal IndigenousAffairs (no 2-3, 2006) about Arctic oil and gas development and the impacts onindigenous people (PDF document): http://www.iwgia.org/graphics/Synkron-Library/Documents/publications/ Downloadpublications/IndigenousAffairs/IA232006A.pdf A special volume of the academic journal 'Sibirica' (no 5.2, 2006), about indigenous people and Russian oil and gasextraction: http://berghahn.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/berghahn/sibiric /2006/00000005/00000002/art00001;jsessionid=1falh7b1oj10b.victoria Piers Vitebsky (2005) 'Monograph on Siberian herders’ life withAnimals and Spirits'. Reindeer People. Living with Animals and Spirits in Siberia. London: Harper Collins. Florian Stammler and Hugh Beach (eds) (2006) 'People and...

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