Neonatal sepsis. Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection and specifically refers to the presence in a newborn baby of a bacterial blood stream infection (BSI) (such as meningitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, or gastroenteritis) in the setting of fever. Older textbooks may refer to neonatal sepsis as "sepsis neonatorum".
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Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs. This initial stage is followed by suppression of the immune system. Common signs and symptoms include fever, increased heart rate, increased breathing rate, and confusion.
- Septicemia, blood poisoning, severe sepsis, septic shock
- May be rapid (<3 hours) or prolonged (several days)
An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning 'unable to speak' or 'speechless') is the more formal or specialised synonym for the common term baby, meaning the very young offspring of human beings. The term may also be used to refer to juveniles of other organisms. A newborn is, in colloquial use, an infant who is only hours, days, or up to ...
Mar 03, 2021 · Neonatal sepsis is divided into two groups based on the time of presentation after birth: early-onset sepsis (EOS) and late-onset sepsis (LOS). EOS refers to sepsis in neonates at or before 72 hours of life ( some experts use seven days), and LOS is defined as sepsis occurring at or after 72 hours of life .
Jun 19, 2019 · Epidemiology. Worldwide, neonatal sepsis occurs in about 1 to 50 out of 1,000 live births and accounts for 3 to 30% of infant and child deaths annually [15, 16].In a prospective study performed between 1997 and 1999 at several neonatal centers in South Korea, the incidence rate of neonatal sepsis was 6 per 1,000 live births in those with positive cultures and 30 per 1,000 live births in ...