Neptune (Latin: Neptūnus [nɛpˈtuːnʊs]) is the god of freshwater and the sea in Roman religion.He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek tradition, Neptune is the brother of Jupiter and Pluto; the brothers preside over the realms of heaven, the earthly world, and the underworld.
Neptune is the eighth and farthest-known Solar planet from the Sun. In the Solar System, it is the fourth-largest planet by diameter, the third-most-massive planet, and the densest giant planet. It is 17 times the mass of Earth, slightly more massive than its near-twin Uranus.
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The theology of Neptune may only be reconstructed to some degree, as since very early times he was identified with the Greek god Poseidon: his presence in the lectisternium of 399 BC is a testimony to the fact. Such an identification may well be grounded in the strict relationship between the Latin and Greek theologies of the two deities.
- Identity of Fortunus
- Ancient Marble Statue
- Multiple Issues
- Chichester Inscription
- Neptune's Chariot
- Depictions of Neptune
Who is "Fortunus"? I've never heard of this Roman god. A quick google shows that there is a "Temple of Fortunus" at Rome, but aside from references that are identical to the one in this article, there is no other information I can find about this god. T@nn12:24, 13 April 2007 (UTC) This article indicates the Fortunus is another name for Portunes. I'm thus editing the page so that the link goes to that god. T@nn12:30, 13 April 2007 (UTC) The king of the waters. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 14:03, 5 October 2007 (UTC) 1. This source no longer exists. --Pstanton (talk) 00:56, 3 February 2009 (UTC)
I have to add this, since this is the only major and ancient statue that is in here, in this very loose article which is so bare. Please expand it further: The Department of Subaquatic Archaeological Research divers (headed by Michel L'Hour) discovered between September and October 2007, a first decade, 300 A.D. 5.9 foot marble statue of Neptune, in the Rhone River.news.yahoo.com, Divers find Caesar bust that may date to 46 B.C. --Florentino floro (talk) 06:18, 14 May 2008 (UTC) 1. What do you mean by saying "this is the only cat and the rarest" here ? It is not the only statue, here are a couple of others: in Florence, in Bristol, in Gdansk, in Bologna. And as for "the rarest," rarity has no meaning when you are talking about one of a kind artworks. The Neptune (mythology) article is about the Roman god, a figure in classical mythology. There are many statues of him, made at various eras in history, some are in museums, some are lost, some are found. None of them are relevant to th...
I've tagged multiple issues within the article. It has way too many pictures for its length and their layout makes the article look pretty ugly, unless the article is lengthened accordingly, we should take several out. Also, I don't see any sources for several claims, so I've added original research tags, as well as the big box for the article. In particular I suspect the claim that Neptune is the "least endowed" of the gods. I've tagged as a hoax the whole section on the line-crossing ceremony. The only source that has is the U.S. Naval Institute online store, which hardly establishes encyclopedic notability or widespread practice which the article implies, without citations, in ""Line-crossing ceremony" initiation rite still current in many navies as well as in the merchant marine." --Pstanton (talk) 06:46, 28 January 2009 (UTC) 1. Re edit summary "Multiple issues within the article". Within is not simply a high-fluting synonym for in; it emphasizes boundaries and tacitly contrast...
Paredrais not a common word in English. It appears in only four WP articles, and in two of these it refers to a moth species. I've found it in some English sources that deal with subject matter relevant to this article, but they italicize it as an import. Wiktionary doesn't have an entry for it. At the very least, the word needs to be explained, and may even be a concept that needs a separate article to which it can be linked. This points toward another concern. I feel that the article is getting a little dense and technical. It's a topic young students might look up, and it needs to be comprehensible to a general readership. It also depends too much on a Dumézilian approach. Cynwolfe (talk) 01:28, 28 January 2011 (UTC) I have tried to explain paredra. I also added Takacs who is more in agreement with Petersmann' approach. Maybe you are right, to make the article less technical will require some effort. I have almost finished, I need to deal still with the parallel aspects in Poseid...
Hey, I'm glad somebody added the Chichester inscription. I'd seen it the other day and forgot to add it. The article could benefit from a section on Neptune in the provinces, to which the inscription should then be moved. Cynwolfe (talk) 21:22, 8 February 2011 (UTC)
Who was the lead sea-horse of the Neptune chariot? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 23:43, 10 February 2013 (UTC)
What's the proper name for the staff that Neptune is holding? 22.214.171.124 (talk) 10:44, 3 March 2013 (UTC)
Yes I see the point, but clarifying it would need an excursus. In part this can be done referring to the arguments proposed by Petersmann. I.e. the hieros gamos of Heaven and Earth through rain. Other explanations would entail new research to be added, which is not prtinent to classicist scholarship.Aldrasto11 (talk) 04:39, 1 April 2013 (UTC) I added a note clarifying a bit the issue. Also expanded section on Consus and Neptune.Aldrasto11 (talk) 04:16, 13 April 2013 (UTC)
I thoroughly revised the article, added bibliography, but surely there may still be mistakes...Aldrasto11 (talk) 00:52, 16 April 2013 (UTC)
Could someone with the skill to do so add a picture of the fountain depicting Neptune in front of the US Library of Congress? 11:50, 30 April 2015 (UTC)
Deified emperors: Neptune (Latin: Neptūnus [nɛpˈtuːnʊs]) is the god of freshwater and the sea in Roman religion. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. In the Greek tradition, Neptune is the brother of Jupiter and Pluto; the brothers preside over the realms of heaven, the earthly wor
- Orbit and Rotation
- Neptune's Rings
- Neptune's Moons
- Other Websites
The first possible sighting of Neptune is thought to be by Galileo as his drawings showed Neptune near Jupiter. But Galileo was not credited for the discovery since he thought Neptune was a "fixed star" instead of a planet. Because of Neptune's slow movement across the sky, Galileo's small telescope was not strong enough to detect Neptune as a planet. In 1821, Alexis Bouvard published the astronomical tables of the orbit of Uranus. Later observations showed that Uranus was moving in an irregu...
Crediting and naming
When Neptune was discovered, there was also a lot of arguing between the French and the British. It was about who was to deserve credit for the discovery. Later, an international agreement decided that both Le Verrier and Adams together deserved credit. However, historians reviewed the topic after the rediscovery in 1998 of the "Neptune papers" (historical documents from the Royal Greenwich Observatory). It had seemingly been stolen and kept by astronomer Olin Eggen for nearly three decades a...
Mass and composition
At 102.413×1024kg, Neptune's mass puts the planet between Earth and the largest gas giants. Neptune has seventeen Earth masses but just 1/18th the mass of Jupiter. Neptune and Uranus are often considered to be part of a sub-class of a gas giant known as "ice giants." It is given their smaller size and big differences in composition compared to Jupiter and Saturn. In the search for extrasolar planets, Neptune has been used as a reference to determine the size and structure of the discovered pl...
Weather and magnetic field
One difference between Neptune and Uranus is the level of its meteorological activity. When the Voyager spacecraft flew by Uranus in 1986, the winds on that planet were observed to be mild. When Voyager flew by Neptune in 1989, powerful weather events were observed. The weather of Neptune has very active storms. Its atmosphere has the highest wind speeds in the Solar System. It may be powered by internal heat flow. Regular winds in the equatorial region have speeds of around 1,200 km/h (750 m...
The average distance between Neptune and Sun is about 4.5 billion km.Therefore Neptune completes its orbit in every 164 years. On 12 July 2011, Neptune completed its first orbit since its discovery in 1846.
Tiny blue-colored rings have been discovered around the blue planet. They are not as well known as the rings of Saturn. When these rings were discovered by a team led by Edward Guinan, originally, they thought that the rings might not be complete. However, this was proven wrong by Voyager 2. Neptune's planetary ringshave a weird "clumpy" arrangement. The scientists think that it may be because of the gravitational contact with small moons that orbit near them. Proof that the rings are incomplete first began in the mid-1980s, when stellar occultation were found to rarely show an extra "blink" just before or after the planet occulted the star. Pictures from Voyager 2 in 1989 solved the problem when the ring system was found to have several faint rings. The farthest ring, Adams, has three famous arcs now named Liberté, Egalité, and Fraternité(Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity). The existence of arcs is hard to understand because the laws of motion predict that arcs spread out into a si...
Neptune has a total of 14 known moons.As Neptune was the Roman god of the sea, the planet's moons were named after lesser sea gods or goddesses. The largest moon of Neptune is Triton. Triton was discovered on October 10, 1846 by British astronomer William Lassell. Unlike all other large planetary moons, Triton orbits in the other direction to the other moons. This shows the moon was probably captured and maybe was once a Kuiper belt object. It is close enough to Neptune to be locked into a synchronous orbit. It is also slowly moving into Neptune and may one day be torn apart when it passes the Roche limit. Triton is the coldest object that has been measured in the Solar System, with temperatures of −235°C (38 K, −392 °F). Neptune's second known moon (by order of distance), the odd moon Nereid, has one of the most unusual orbits of any satellite in the Solar System. Nereid is so far from Neptune that it requires 360 Earth days to make one orbit. It causes the largest elliptical orbit...
You cannot see Neptune just by looking at the sky, you need a telescope or binoculars. It is because of Neptune has a normal brightness between magnitudes +7.7 and +8.0. It can be out-shined by Jupiter's Galilean moons, the dwarf planet Ceres, and the asteroids 4 Vesta, 2 Pallas, 7 Iris, 3 Juno and 6 Hebe. A telescope or strong binoculars will show Neptune as a small blue dot that looks similar to Uranus. The blue color comes from the methane in its atmosphere. Its small size in the night sky has made it difficult to study visually. Most telescopic data was quite limited until the arrival of the Hubble Space Telescope and large ground-based telescopes with adaptive optics.
Currently, only one spacecraft has visited Neptune. NASA's Voyager 2probe made a quick flyby of the planet with its closest encounter on 25 August 1989. One of Voyager 2's important discoveries was its very close fly-by of Triton where took pictures of several parts of the moon. The probe also discovered the Great Dark Spot. However, it had now disappeared after the Hubble Space Telescope took pictures of Neptune in 1994. Originally thought to be a large cloud or cyclonic storm system.It was later guessed to be a hole in the visible cloud deck. The pictures sent back to Earth from Voyager 2 in 1989 became the basis of a PBS all-night program called Neptune All Night.