- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia New Democracy (ND; Greek: Νέα Δημοκρατία, romanized : Néa Dimokratía, IPA: [ˈnea ðimokraˈti.a]) is a liberal-conservative political party in Greece.
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New Democracy was founded on 4 October 1974 by Konstantinos Karamanlis, in the beginning of the metapolitefsi era following the fall of the Greek military junta. Karamanlis, who had already served as Prime Minister of Greece from 1955 to 1963, was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of the Third Hellenic Republic in a national unity government on 24 July 1974, until the first free elections ...
Since the restoration of democracy, the Greek party system was dominated by the liberal-conservative New Democracy (ND) and the social-democratic Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK). [h] Other parties represented in the Hellenic Parliament include the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA), the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), Greek Solution ...
New Democracy (ND; Greek: Νέα Δημοκρατία, Nea Dimokratia) is a liberal-conservative political party in Greece. Konstantinos Karamanlis founded the party in 1974. It is a centre-right party, with many liberal ideas. Its main rival is the Panhellenic Socialist Movement, commonly known as PASOK
New Democracy is currently led by Kyriakos Mitsotakis, a nephew of Eleftherios Venizelos of the centrist Liberal Pary who endorsed the irredentist Megali Idea that originated by the centrist Ioannis Kolettis but is also promoted by the far-right Golden Dawn that represents the ideas of Ion Dragoumis, an opponent of the Megali Idea and Venizelos who is considered to be the founder of modern Greek nationalism.
The last Greek local elections were in 2014, and saw Apostolos Tzitzikostas elected regional governor of Central Macedonia, Giorgos Pavlidis in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, and Theodoros Karypidis in Western Macedonia. Tzitzikostas and Pavlidis are members of the centre-right New Democracy party, while Karypidis is an independent.
Greek politics is strongly dynastic. Kostas Karamanlis is the nephew of Konstantinos Karamanlis, who was six times (1955, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1974, 1977) Prime Minister and twice President of Greece (1980–1985, 1990–1995), and the founder of New Democracy after the restoration of democracy in 1974. George Papandreou is the son of Andreas Papandreou, three times (1981, 1985, 1993) Prime Minister and the founder of PASOK, and the grandson of Georgios Papandreou, a liberal centrist who ...
The Greek government-debt crisis is one of a number of current European sovereign-debt crises.In late 2009, fears of a sovereign debt crisis developed among investors concerning Greece's ability to meet its debt obligations because of strong increase in government debt levels.
On 16 September 2007, New Democracy headed by Costas Karamanlis won re-election with a marginal majority of 152 seats in the Parliament. Despite ND's falling performance in the 2007 legislative election , PASOK suffered a crushing defeat, registering 38.1% of the vote, its lowest percentage in almost 30 years, and 102 seats in the Hellenic Parliament .