New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW), is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Coral and Tasman Seas to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state.
- 26 January 1788
- 6 June 1856
- 1 January 1901
New South Wales has four main geographicalareas: 1. A coastal strip, which runs the whole length of the coast from the Queensland border to the Victorian border. In some places this is a wide plain. In other places it is just a very narrow strip of land between mountains and the sea. The regions of the coastal strip are the North Coast (which borders with Queensland), the Central Coast, the Newcastle region, the Sydney region (which is called the Cumberland Plain), the Illawarra (which is the region around the city of Wollongong) and the Shoalhaven around Nowra. 1. The climate of this area ranges from cool temperate on the far south coast to subtropical near the Queensland border. This whole of the coastal strip is affected by the sea. For this reason, the temperatures are often cooled in the summer by sea breezes, and warmed in the winter by the currents along the coast. This makes the climate less hot and less cold than that of the inland regions. There is also more rain than ther...
The population of New South Wales at the end of June 2007 was 6.89 million people. Population grew by 1.1% over the preceding year,lower than the national rate of 1.5%. 62.9% of NSW's population is based in Sydney.The City of Sydney seen from Taronga Park ZooThe Sydney Royal Easter show is a popular annual event.Boolominbah at Armidale is one of the finest examples of Federation architecture in New South Wales.The pub and general store at Ourimbah show a scene which is familiar in most towns.
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The history of New South Wales refers to the history of the Australian state of New South Wales and the area's preceding Indigenous and British colonial societies. The Mungo Lake remains indicate occupation of parts of the New South Wales area by Indigenous Australians for at least 40,000 years.
The Colony of New South Wales was a colony of the British Empire from 1788 to 1901, when it became a State of the Commonwealth of Australia. At its greatest extent, the colony of New South Wales included the present-day Australian states of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, and South Australia, the Northern Territory as well as New Zealand. The first "responsible" self-government of New South Wales was formed on 6 June 1856 with Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson appointed by Governor
On 18 January 1788, the First Fleet led by Captain Arthur Phillip founded the first British settlement in Australian history as a penal colony. Having set sail on 13 May 1787, Captain Arthur Phillip assumed the role of governor of the settlement upon arrival. On 18 January 1788,
Major-General Ralph Darling was appointed Governor of New South Wales in 1825, and in the same year he visited Hobart Town, and on 3 December proclaimed the establishment of the independent colony, of which he was actually Governor for three days.
In 1834, the British Parliament passed the South Australia Act 1834, which enabled the province of South Australia to be established.
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. This effectively changed New South Wales from being a colony to a state of Australia.
- New conservation area
- Terrestrial protected areas
- Marine protected areas
The Protected areas of New South Wales include both terrestrial and marine protected areas. As of June 2020 there are 225 national parks in New South Wales. As of 30 June 2010 there were 776 separate terrestrial protected areas with a total land area of 6,641,256 hectares. At that time there were 18 aquatic protected areas with a total area of 347,087 hectares. New conservation area In June 2020 the Government of New South Wales acquired 153,415 ha, or 1,534 km2 of private land for a new nationa
In June 2020 the Government of New South Wales acquired 153,415 ha, or 1,534 km2 of private land for a new national park, when it purchased Narriearra station in the state’s far north-west. It is the largest ever purchase of private land for conservation in the state, and provides 90 percent of the habitat of the endangered grey grasswren. The Dingo Fence on the border with Queensland forms the northern boundary of the property.
National parks are managed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service, an agency of the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment of New South Wales.
Nature Reserves are managed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service, an agency of the Department of Environment and Climate Change of New South Wales.
State Conservation Areas, formerly referred to as State Recreation Areas, are managed by the Department of Environment and Climate Change.
Marine Parks are managed by the New South Wales Marine Parks Authority. 1. Batemans Marine Park 2. Cape Byron Marine Park 3. Jervis Bay Marine Park 4. Lord Howe Island Marine Park 5. Port Stephens-Great Lakes Marine Park 6. Solitary Islands Marine Park
Aquatic reserves are managed by the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries. 1. Cook Island Aquatic Reserve, Tweed Heads 2. Barrenjoey Head Aquatic Reserve, Hawkesbury River 3. Narrabeen Head Aquatic Reserve 4. Long Reef Aquatic Reserve 5. Cabbage Tree Bay Aquatic Reserv
- Heritage listings
- Geography and landmarks
- Population and culture
Berry is a small Australian village in the Shoalhaven region of the New South Wales South Coast, located 145 km south of the state capital, Sydney. It has many historical buildings which are listed on the New South Wales Heritage Register. Berry attracts many tourists who come to enjoy the diversity of landscapes, including coastal beaches, rich dairy farming, and forested mountains. The village hosts a local Produce Market which is held twice each month on the second Saturday and fourth Sunday.
The Aboriginal people of the area were the Wodi Wodi people of the Dharawal nation, and the area was known as Boon-ga-ree. In the 1810s, George William Evans, Government Surveyor, reported on the Berry district as a possible settlement and on the good stands of red cedar. Subsequently, itinerant timber cutters visited to cut and send cedar to Sydney. Alexander Berry, with his business partner Edward Wollstonecraft, pioneered European settlement in the Shoalhaven region from 1822, initially secur
Berry has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 1. Beach Road: David Berry Hospital 2. Illawarra railway: Berry railway station 3. 135 Queen Street: Berry Museum 4. 58 Victoria Street: Berry Courthouse
The township of Berry lies on the South Coast railway line, and on the Princes Highway between Nowra and Kiama. For much of its early history the town depended on timber cutting and dairy farming, with a tannery and boat building also present, but today, Berry thrives on tourism, with many souvenir shops, art galleries, antiques and collectibles shops, cafes, restaurants, and hotels. A local public hospital bequeathed by the Berry family, the David Berry Hospital, now serves as a rehabilitation
At the 2016 census the population of Berry was 2,667. 79.2% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 6.9%. 92.5% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 27.5%, Anglican 23.8% and Catholic 19.6%. Berry has formed a mainly urban rather than farming community, with an influx of city dwellers attracted to a rural lifestyle with ease of access back to the Sydney metropolitan area and its attractions. M
- Academic Profile
- Student Life
- Engagement with Secondary and Primary School Students
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The origins of the university can be traced to the Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts established in 1833 and the Sydney Technical College established in 1878.These institutions were established to meet the growing demand for capabilities in new technologies as the New South Wales economy shifted from its pastoral base to industries fueled by the industrial age. The idea of founding the university originated from the crisis demands of World War II, during which the nation's attention was drawn...
In March 1948, classes commenced with a first intake of 46 students pursuing programs including civil engineering, mechanical engineering, mining engineering, and electrical engineering.At that time, the thesis programs were innovative. Each course embodied a specified and substantial period of practical training in the relevant industry. It was also unprecedented for tertiary institutions at that time to include compulsory instruction in humanities. Initially, the university operated from th...
In 1958, the university's name was changed to the "University of New South Wales" reflecting a transformation from a technology-based institution to a generalist university. In 1960, the faculties of arts and medicine were established, with the faculty of lawcoming into being in 1971. The university's first director was Arthur Denning (1949–1952), who made important contributions to founding the university. In 1953, he was replaced by Philip Baxter, who continued as vice-chancellor when this...
The main UNSW campus, where most faculties are situated, is located on a 38-hectare (94-acre) site in Kensington, Sydney. UNSW Art & Design is located in the inner suburb of Paddington. The main UNSW campus in Kensington is divided geographically into two areas: upper campus and lower campus, which were vested to the university in three separate lots.These two are separated mainly by an elevation rise between the quadrangle and the Scientia building. Roughly 15 minutes are needed to walk from one end to the other. UNSW Canberra at ADFA (formerly known as UNSW at ADFA), abbreviated to UNSW Canberra, is situated in Canberra. Its students are from the military academy known as ADFA, who are in training for the Australian Defence Force, and as such has an integrated defence focus, with particular strengths in defence-related, security and engineering research. The university also has additional campuses and field stations in Randwick, Coogee, Botany, Dee Why, Cowan, Manly Vale, Fowlers...
The university is governed by the university council, which is responsible for acting on the university's behalf to promote its objectives and interests. The council comprises 15 members, including the chancellor, vice-chancellor, president of the academic board, two members appointed by the minister for education, five members appointed by the council, three members elected by university staff and two student-elected members. The principal academic body is the academic board, which receives advice on academic matters from the faculties, college (Australian Defence Force Academy), and the boards of studies. It is responsible for academic policy setting, academic strategy via its eight standing committees, approval and delivery of programs, and academic standards. The board comprises 59 members, including the vice-chancellor, members of the executive team, deans and faculty presiding members, members elected from the academic staff, and six from the student body.The Board advises the...
The university has six faculties: 1. UNSW Faculty of Arts, Design & Architecture 2. UNSW Faculty of Business 3. UNSW Faculty of Engineering 4. UNSW Faculty of Law & Justice 5. UNSW Faculty of Medicine & Health 6. UNSW Faculty of Science 7. UNSW Canberra at ADFA The university also has an association with the National Institute of Dramatic Art.
In the 2021 QS World University Rankings, UNSW is ranked 44th globally (4th in Australia and 2nd in New South Wales), In addition, UNSW is ranked 11th in civil and structural engineering (1st in Australia), 15th in the world for Accounting and Finance (1st in Australia), 13th for Law (2nd in Australia), and 37th in Engineering and Technology discipline (1st in Australia), according to the 2020 QS World University Rankings by Subject. In 2020 Academic Ranking of World Universities, UNSW is ran...
Selection and entry
Entry to a particular undergraduate degree program generally requires a certain Australian Tertiary Admission Rank, which varies by course. Some programs also take into account, in addition to a particular ATAR mark, performance in specialised tests, such as the Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test for medicine and the Law Admission Testfor law. In 2019, UNSW had the most first preferences for high school students in the state of New South Wales. The university offers a b...
The university has a number of residential accommodation options, including Philip Baxter College, Basser College, Goldstein College, Fig Tree Hall, Colombo House, UNSW Hall, New College and New College Village, Warrane College; International House; Shalom College, and Creston College, and UNSW Village.
Overseas partner institutions include Princeton University, McGill University, University of Pennsylvania (inc. Wharton), Duke University, Johns Hopkins University, Brown University, Columbia University (summer law students only), University of California Berkeley, University of California Santa Cruz (inc. Baskin), UCLA, University of Michigan (inc. Ross), New York University (inc. Stern), University of Virginia, Mississippi State University, Cornell University, University of Connecticut, Uni...
Students of the university are involved in a number of projects, including: 1. Sunswift Solar Racing Team, who hold the FIA world record for the fastest electric car over a 500 kilometres (310 mi) distance and in 2015 are creating Australia's first road legal solar carto adhere to Australian Design Rules. 2. rUNSWift, the university's team in the international RoboCup Standard Platform League competition, is the most successfulteam in the world with wins in 2000, 2001, 2003 a...
UNSW engages with primary and secondary education, administering several national and international academic competitions for school age children. These include: 1. The Australian Schools Science Competition– International Competitions and Assessments for Schools (ICAS) is conducted by Educational Assessment Australia, UNSW Global Pty Limited. UNSW Global is a not-for-profit provider of education, training and consulting services and a wholly owned enterprise of the University of New South Wales. It provides exams for students in Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, South Africa, Indonesia, Hong Kong, India and the Pacific region. It caters to students from year 3 (Australia) through year 12, examining skills in English, mathematics, science, computers, writing and spelling. 2. International Competitions and Assessments for Schools-Mathematics– International Competitions and Assessments for Schools (ICAS). From 2003-05, ICAS-Mathematics was called Australasian School...
- Urban, parks, 38 hectares (0.38 km²)
- 62,509 (2018)
- Knowledge by Heart, Hand and Mind
- Ian Jacobs
- Heritage listings
Kiama /kaɪˈæmə/ is a coastal town 120 kilometres south of Sydney in the Illawarra. One of the main tourist attractions is the Kiama Blowhole. Kiama features several popular surfing beaches and caravan parks, and numerous alfresco cafes and restaurants. Its proximity to the south of Sydney makes it an attractive destination for many day-trippers and weekenders.
Kiama was the site of two strong volcanic flows, called the Gerringong Volcanics, which came out of Saddleback Mountain, now a collapsed volcanic vent. The Kiama Blowhole is part of an erosion process on the more recent rock, formed into columnar basalt, or latite. Before the cedar-getters arrived in the area around 1810, the local Indigenous Australians, Wodi Wodi of the language group Dharawal, had been using the land for thousands of years, moving every six weeks or so in family groups. This
Kiama has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 1. 24–40 and 42–44 Collins Street: Collins Street wooden terraces, Kiama 2. 46 Collins Street: Kiama Masonic Temple 3. Illawarra railway: Kiama railway station 4. Irvine Street: Kiama Reservoirs 5. 16–20 Manning Street: CBC Bank Building 6. Shoalhaven Street: Scots Presbyterian Church 7. 24 Terralong Street: Kiama Post Office
The Kiama area includes many attractions, being situated on the coast south of the Minnamurra River, and to the west lie the foothills of Saddleback Mountain and the smaller less discernible peak of Mount Brandon. Also to the west is the town of Jamberoo with pasture-land in between, which contains many historic buildings and dry stone walls. Also of note is Seven Mile Beach to the south, a protected reserve. Kiama has several well-known surfing beaches, including Surf Beach, 'Mystics' and Boyds
At the 2016 census, Kiama had a population of 7,700. 1. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.7% of the population. 2. 77.2% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were England 6.8% and New Zealand 1.6%. 3. 88.9% of people only spoke English at home. 4. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 28.3%, Catholic 24.5% and Anglican 22.2%.
The town is served by Kiama railway station, the last electrified station on the Illawarra railway line; the journey to Sydney takes about 2 hours 15 minutes. By road, Kiama is about 55 minutes from the southern edge of Sydney, and 100 minutes from the city centre, via the Princes Highway. Kiama was served by two tramways built to connect the Pike's Hill quarries west of the town with the harbour traversing Terralong Street. The first 3 ft 6 in was built in 1885 but never opened after financial
New South Wales. New South Wales (NSW) is Australia's most populous state. Its capital, Sydney is the country's oldest, largest and most cosmopolitan city, centred on its spectacular harbour. The state's coastal areas offer endless sandy beaches next to sleepy coastal communities. The Great Dividing Range stretches the length of the state from ...