New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY) is the largest city by population in the United States, located in the state of New York.New York’s population is similar to London in the United Kingdom with over 8 million people currently living in it, and over 22 million people live in the bigger New York metropolitan area.
Stad New York (saozneg: State of New York), zo unan eus an 50 stad a ya d'ober Stadoù-Unanet Amerika, e biz ar vro. Unan eus an 13 stad orin eo. Enni emañ kêr New York (New York City e saozneg), unan eus kêrioù brasañ ar bed, met n’eo ket hi a zo kêrbenn ar stad : Albany an hini eo.
- Eksterne Skakels
Toe die gebied van die huidige New York deur die eerste Europeër, die Italiaanse seevaarder Giovanni da Verrazzano verken is, is dit deur die Lenape-Indiane bewoon. 'n Nederlandse pelshandelspos, wat later Nieuw Amsterdamgenoem is, het in 1614 as die eerste Europese nedersetting aan die mees suidelike punt van die skiereiland Manhattan ontstaan. Die koloniale direkteur-generaal Peter Minuit het die skiereiland in 1626 na bewering vir glaskraletjies ter waarde van 24 VSA-$ van die inheemse Canarsie-stam gekoop. In 1664 is die Nederlandse kolonie deur die Britte verower, en ter ere van die destydse Britse troonopvolger, die hertog van York en latere koning Jakob II van Engeland, is die stad se naam gewysig tot New York. Onder die Britse heerskappy het New York tot 'n belangrike handelshawe ontwikkel. In 1754 het die Columbia-universiteit, tans een van die oudste tersiêre instellings in die VSA, 'n oktrooi van koning George II as King's College in Laer Manhattan gekry. Gedurende die Am...
New York lê in die noordoostelike Verenigde State, in die suidooste van die deelstaat New York en halfpad tussen Washington, D.C. (228 myl van New York af) en Boston (217 myl). Sy ligging naby die monding van die Hudsonrivier, wat eers in 'n natuurlike veilige hawe en uiteindelik in die Atlantiese Oseaan uitmond, het die ontwikkeling van die stad as 'n belangrike handelspos bevorder. 'n Groot deel van New York se stadsgebied is op die drie eilande Manhattan, Staten-eilanden die westelike Long Island geleë, en die tekort aan grond het tot 'n hoë bevolkingsdigtheid gelei. Die Hudsonrivier vloei deur die Hudsonvallei en mond uit in New Yorkbaai. Tussen New York en Albany word die riviermonding reeds deur die getye van die see geraak. Die Hudson dien ook as die grenslyn tussen New York Stad en die deelstaat New Jersey. Die East-rivier (eintlik 'n seestraat wat eweneens deur die getye geraak word) vloei vanuit Long Island Sound en skei die Bronxen Manhattan van Long Island. Die Haarlemri...
Alhoewel dit op dieselfde breedtegraad as Napels en Madrid in die gematigde klimaatsone geleë is, het New York vanweë die plaaslike windpatroon, wat koue lug van die binneland na die stadsgebied voer, 'n vogtige kontinentale klimaat met baie warm somers en koue winters. Nogtans is wintertemperature in die New Yorkse kusgebied hoër as in die Amerikaanse binneland, en die jaarlikse sneeuvalbly beperk tot tussen 25 en 35 duim (63,5 tot 88,9 sentimeter). Op sowat 199 dae van die jaar styg temperature bo vriespunt. Die gemiddelde jaarlikse temperatuur is 12,5 °C en die gemiddelde jaarlikse neerslag 1 071 millimeter. Julie is die warmste maand met 'n gemiddelde temperatuur van 24,7 °C, Januarie die koudste met 'n gemiddelde van -0,4 °C. Die meeste reënval word in Julie met 'n gemiddelde van 104 millimeter aangeteken, terwyl Januarie met 'n gemiddelde neerslag van 81 millimeter die droogste maand van die jaar is. Die hoogste temperatuur wat ooit aangeteken is, was 41 °C in Julie, die laags...
Die openbare vervoerstelsel van New York is die mees gebruikte in die VSA, terwyl die petrolverbruik gelykstaan aan die gemiddelde verbruik van die VSA in die 1920's. Danksy die gewildheid van die openbare vervoer is 1,8 miljard gellings brandstof in 2006 gespaar – die helfte van alle petrol wat in die hele VSA danksy massavervoer bespaar is. Die stad se bevolkingsdigtheid, die gewildheid van massavervoer en die minder belangrike rol wat privaatmotors derhalwe speel, maak van New York die mees energie-doeltreffende stad in die VSA. Die per capita-vrystelling van kweekhuisgasse beloop in New York slegs 7,1 metrieke ton, terwyl die gemiddelde Amerikaner jaarliks 24,5 metrieke ton vrystel. New Yorkers is gemenskaplik slegs vir een persent van die totale vrystelling van kweekhuisgasse in die VSA verantwoordelik, alhoewel hulle 2,7 persent van die totale Amerikaanse bevolking verteenwoordig. Die gemiddelde New Yorker verbruik minder as die helfte van die krag wat sy eweknie in San Franci...Metropolitan Museum of Art (skilderye, beeldhouwerke, argeologie-die mees besoekte museum in die Verenigde State van Amerika)MoMa (Museum of Modern Art)Solomon R. Guggenheim MuseumFrick Collection
Die wolkekrabber, 'n nuwe argitektoniese konsep wat vir die eerste keer in Chicagoverwesenlik is, het plaaslike boustyle van die tradisionele lae Europese bouwyse laat wegbeweeg en die ontstaan van die kenmerkende veelverdieping-kantoorgeboue van New York se sakebuurte bevorder. Aangesien die stadsgebied grotendeels deur water omring is, het die hoë bevolkingsdigtheid en stygende eiendomspryse in sakegebiede aanleiding gegee tot een van die wêreld se grootste opeenhopings van hoë sakegeboue en woonstelblokke.Wikimedia Commons het meer media in die kategorie New York.(en) NYC.gov Amptelike webwerf van New York
Oct 08, 2001 · 40° 43′ nb, 74° 0′ wl
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New York is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States.It was one of the original thirteen colonies forming the United States. With a total area of 54,556 square miles (141,300 km 2), New York is the 27th largest state; its population of more than 20 million people in 2020 makes it the fourth most populous state in the U.S.
War-dro 5000 a henvroiz Lenape (pe "Delaware") a oa o chom er c'hornad pa voe dizoloet e 1524 gant Giovanni da Verrazzano, ur moraer italian gopret gant ar roue gall Frañsez Iañ, a anvas anezhañ "Nouvelle Angoulême" (Angoulême Nevez) pa oa bet Frañsez Iañ dug Angoulême.. E 1614 e voe savet un toullad tier, er c'hreisteiz d'ar stêr, gant Hollandiz a glaske diazezañ kenwerzh ar foulinennoù, hag anvet e voe "Nieuw Amsterdam" (Amsterdam Nevez), er c'hreisteiz da v-Manhattan. Gant an Izelvroad Peter Minuit e voe prenet enez Manhattan digant al Lenape e 1626, hag hervez ur vojenn (distaolet a-benn bremañ), e vije koustet dezhañ $24 e gweraj. E 1664 e voe aloubet ar gêrig gant ar Saozon, hag anvet "New York" gante abalamour da zug York, e Bro-Saoz (a oa da vezañ James II). Pa voe echu an eil brezel etre Saozon hag Izelvroiz e oa mestr tud an Izelvroioù war enez Run, hag e rojont New Amsterdam(New York) d'ar Saozon en eskemm. A-benn 1700 ne chome nemet 200 Lenape ken.
An darn vrasañ eus kêr New York a zo lec'hiet war deir enezenn, hag un darn war an douar bras. Bez' emañ Enez Manhattan ha Staten Island en o fezh, penn lodenn gornôk Long Island, ha meur a enezenn vihanoc’h. Rannet eo kêr e pemp lodenn vras, anvet "borough". Pep hini anezho a zo ur gontelezh (county). Bez' emañ: 1. Manhattan(New York County, en Enez Manhattan) 2. Brooklyn(Kings County, e Long Island) 3. The Bronx(Bronx County, war an douar bras) 4. Queens(Queens County, e Long Island) 5. Staten Island(Richmond County, e Staten Island) Rannet eo kêr gant stêrioù. Dispartiet eo Manhattan diouzh ar Bronx gant ar stêr Hudson diouzh un tu ha stad New Jersey eus an tu all. Gant an East River eo dispartiet Manhattan diouzh un tu gant Brooklyn ha Queens diouzh an tu all. Dispartiet eo Manhattan diouzh ar Bronx gant ar stêr Harlem. Gant strizh-mor Long Islandeo dispartiet ar Bronx diouzh Queens, ha gant un toullad gwazhioù all aeo treuzet-didreuzet kêr.↑ Dont a ra an anv-se eus ar c'hembraeg Efrog Newydd. E kembraeg e reer Efrog eus kêr York, e Bro-Saoz, diwar an anv predenek Eboracon. Diwar skouer ar yezhoù keltiek all : iwerzhoneg Nua-Eabhrac,...↑ "Gotham Center for New York City History"Timeline 1500 - 1700↑ Miller, Christopher L., George R. Hamell (September 1986). "A New Perspective on Indian-White Contact: Cultural Symbols and Colonial Trade". The Journal of American History 73 (2). Kavet 2007-03-21
- Land Use
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- Streets and Street Names
17th and 18th centuries
The village was founded in 1652 in the Dutch colony of New Netherland (Nieuw Nederland) by English Puritans from Connecticut and Massachusetts. They named it Middelburgh ('Middleburgh') after the capital of the Dutch province of Zeeland, which had been a refuge of Puritans fleeing religious persecution in England. The village was located approximately 7 miles from the growing city of New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam) and just east of the settlement at Maspat (now called Maspeth), which had been...
Newtown was also the center of a population of free blacks and slaves by the early 19th century. With the program of gradual abolition and the manumission of some slaves by masters following the American Revolution, the free population increased. In 1828, a year after slavery was finally abolished in the state, landowner James Hunter and his wife deeded two acres to the community for a church and parsonage. They had already been using land at Corona Avenue and 90th Street as a burial ground s...
Renaming and incorporation into city
Cord Meyer bought land at Broadway and Whitney Avenue in 1896. He proposed that the town be renamed "Elmhurst", meaning "a grove of elms"; in 1897, one year before Queens County was incorporated in the Greater City of New York, the town was renamed. The renaming was done partially to disassociate the town from nearby Maspeth and the smelly, polluted Newtown Creek, and partially to celebrate the elm trees (Ulmus americana) that abounded in the area. Elmhurst developed as a fashionable district...
Elmhurst contains a variety of zoning districts, including manufacturing, commercial, residential, and mixed-use. Much of the neighborhood is composed of detached or multi-family houses, though there are also rowhouse districts, apartment buildings of up to six or seven stories, and large developments such as LeFrak City. Commercial overlays are located primarily along Queens Boulevard, Broadway, and Grand and Corona Avenues. Several tracts are also zoned for shopping centers, which are occupied by Elmhurst's malls. Light-manufacturing zones are located near the western end of the neighborhood, mainly between the LIRR's Port Washington Branch and 51st Avenue.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Elmhurst was 88,427, an increase of 455 (0.5%) from the 87,972 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 750.28 acres (303.63 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 117.9 inhabitants per acre (75,500/sq mi; 29,100/km2). The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 6.6% (5,870) White, 1.3% (1,140) African American, 0.2% (133) Native American, 43.8% (38,699) Asian, 0.0% (28) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (338) from other races, and 1.6% (1,423) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.1% (40,796) of the population.Elmhurst's Latino population is 20.4% South American (9.8% Ecuadorean, 7.2% Colombian, 1.8% Peruvian, 0.4% Argentinean, 0.4% Bolivian, 0.2% Chilean, 0.2% Venezuelan), 11.6% Mexican, 3.1% Dominican, 1.8% Puerto Rican, 1.5% Central American (0.5% Salvadoran, 0.4% Guatemalan, 0.3% Honduran), and 0.7% Cuban. The entirety of Community Board 4, which comprises Elmhurst and Corona, had 135,972 inh...
Elmhurst and Corona are patrolled by the 110th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 94-41 43rd Avenue. The 110th Precinct ranked 15th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. As of 2018[update], with a non-fatal assault rate of 34 per 100,000 people, Corona and Elmhurst's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 227 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8 The 110th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 83.2% between 1990 and 2020. The precinct reported 4 murders, 29 rapes, 270 robberies, 359 felony assaults, 196 burglaries, 485 grand larcenies, and 138 grand larcenies auto in 2020.
Elmhurst is served by two New York City Fire Department(FDNY) fire stations: 1. Engine Co. 287/Ladder Co. 136/Battalion 46 – 86-53 Grand Avenue 2. Engine Co. 289/Ladder Co. 138 – 97-28 43rd Avenue FDNY EMSStation 46 is located on the grounds of Elmhurst Hospital Center.
As of 2018[update], preterm births are less common in Elmhurst and Corona than in other places citywide, but births to teenage mothers are more common. In Elmhurst and Corona, there were 83 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 25.8 births to teenage mothers per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 Elmhurst and Corona have a high population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 25%, which is higher than the citywide rate of 12%.:14 The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Elmhurst and Corona is 0.0077 milligrams per cubic metre (7.7×10−9 oz/cu ft), slightly higher than the city average.:9 Fifteen percent of Elmhurst and Corona residents are smokers, which is equal to the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13 In Elmhurst and Corona, 20% of residents are obese, 9% are diabetic, and 23% have high blood pre...
Elmhurst is covered by ZIP Code 11373. The United States Post Office operates two post offices in Elmhurst: the Elmhurst A Station at 80-27 Broadwayand the Elmhurst Station at 59-01 Junction Boulevard.
Places of worship include: 1. Ascension Roman Catholic Church (86-13 55th Avenue) 2. Bangladesh Hindu Mandir (94-39 44th Avenue) 3. Christian Testimony Church (87-11 Whitney Avenue). Originally a synagogue—as evidenced by the former presence of the word Mizpah (watchtower) above the front door—the building is now a Christian church with a congregation composed mainly of Chinese people, with services in both English and Mandarin Chinese. 4. Elmhurst Baptist Church (87-37 Whitney Avenue), founded in 1900, built in 1902. The congregation is very diverse and multi-ethnic.The church building is constructed of stone. 5. Elmhurst Islamic Center (EIC) (87-07 55th Avenue) 6. Elmhurst Muslim Center (42-12 79th Street) 7. First Presbyterian Church of Newtown(Queens Boulevard and 54th Avenue) built in 1895, the congregation was established in 1652 8. Geeta Temple Asharam (92-09 Corona Avenue) 9. Jain Center of America(43-22 Ithaca Street), founded in 1973 10. New Life Fellowship Church (82-10 Q...
Elmhurst has two urban shopping malls: Queens Center and the smaller Queens Place Mall. The 150-store Queens Center, bounded by Queens Boulevard, 57th and 59th Avenues, and 90th and 94th Streets, opened on September 12, 1973, and was renovated and expanded across 92nd Street in 2002–4. With a gross leasable area of 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2), the mall has had retail sales per square foot nearly triple the national average. It was built on land previously occupied by a 24-ride children's amusement park named Fairyland, which opened in 1949 and closed in 1968.The site was also formerly a supermarket and automobile parking. The smaller Queens Place, bounded by Queens Boulevard and by Justice, 55th, and 56th Avenues, is designed in a cylindrical shape and opened in 1965. Originally planned as a traditional rectangular construction designed to replace several blocks of residences, the mall had to be redesigned because the owner of the corner house at 55th Avenue and Queens Bouleva...
57th Avenue was known as the Flushing and Newtown Turnpike. Built in 1801, it connected with present-day Flushing Avenue in Maspeth, and extended all the way to Williamsburg, Brooklyn. The Elks Lodge's name is shared by a local street, Elks Road, a short road in a cluster of 2- and 3-story orange and yellow brick buildings located between Grand Avenue, 79th Street, and Calamus Avenue, that were built in 1930 by Louis Allmendinger for the Matthews Company. Hoffman Drive is a remnant of the wide Hoffman Boulevard. Hoffman Boulevard was straightened and renamed Queens Boulevard, but a short slip road, Hoffman Drive, leads from 57th Avenue to Woodhaven Boulevard. Horace Harding Expressway was once a turnpike called Nassau Boulevard, which went from Elmhurst to Flushing, Bayside, and Little Neck. It was renamed for Horace J. Harding (1863–1929), a finance magnate who directed the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and the New York Municipal Railways System; Harding encouraged city...
Rotterdam (/ ˈ r ɒ t ər d æ m /, UK also / ˌ r ɒ t ər ˈ d æ m /, Dutch: [ˌrɔtərˈdɑm] ()) is the second largest city and municipality in the Netherlands.It is in the province of South Holland, at the mouth of the Nieuwe Maas channel leading into the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta at the North Sea.
New York is de grootste stad van de Verenigde Staten van Amerika.Dankzij de leidinggevende en invloedrijke rol in handel, financiën, media, public relations, kunst, mode en educatie geldt zij als een van de belangrijkste wereldsteden.De stad wordt ook New York City of NYC genoemd om haar te onderscheiden van de staat New York, waarin zij ligt.