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  1. following conclusions can be drawn about the potential effects of this climate change on the health of New Zealanders. • Climate trends in recent decades may already be affecting our health. • • • • • • The direct impacts of changes in climate extremes are likely to be relatively small.

  2. Mar 15, 2022 · As part of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in 2021, in the COP26 Health Program, over 50 nations pledged to transform health systems to be more sustainable, i.e., less carbon-emitting, and to build health systems that are resilient to the direct and indirect impacts on health of climate change ( 6 ).

  3. negative impacts of human activity are likely to be magnified as the effects of climate change intensify. Climate change threatens to slow, halt or even reverse the health gains that society and health care systems have made over the last century (WHO and Healthcare Without Harm 2009). The expected temperature shifts alone have major

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    • Food Environment and Dietary Patterns
    • Physical Activity Benefits from Active Transport
    • Benefits from Reduced Air Pollution
    • Health Inequities
    • Other Health Co-Benefits
    • Our Recommendations to The Commission
    • Appendix

    The Report is largely focused on the industrial “food production” system and does not mention the word “diet” (eg, human diet) despite the huge potential co-benefits from a move towards more plant-based diets.5 It notes that “Transitioning to a low emissions economy will require New Zealanders to change some aspects of their lives,”1 yet reducing c...

    The Report states: “There are significant co-benefits from increasing alternative types of transport. In particular, walking and cycling benefit health.”1 Two New Zealand publications on the benefits of active transport for health are referred to in the Report.14,15 But, considering that this might be the second most important area for health gain,...

    Another co-benefit of using less fossil fuel for energy, heating and transportation that only received brief mention in the Report is improved health from reduced air pollution. The Report refers to one New Zealand study on the harm from air pollution to health, which estimated particulate matter emissions cause adverse health outcomes, including o...

    The Report is reasonably good at considering some aspects of inequities—but these are predominantly around income inequality. The Report notes the health impacts of climate change would likely be spread unevenly across the population, with more vulnerable groups being more exposed.1It includes a vision of ensuring the low emissions transition takes...

    The health co-benefits presented above are not an exhaustive list. In Appendix Table 1, we outline other health co-benefits that are also important from health, social and cultural perspectives. These co-benefits include: (i) improved health from warmer and drier homes (with improved house designs and increased use of insulation); (ii) improved car...

    Health co-benefits should be used to explicitly frame the Commission’s final report. The advantage of this approach is that it identifies meaningful value for the public and it is likely to create better support for action.24The idea that we can reduce emissions and simultaneously improve wellbeing (often with immediate and local effect) is far mor...

    Appendix Table 1: Our analysis of the coverage of health co-benefits in the Climate Change Commission Report not covered in the main text.View Appendix Table 1.

  4. Under all the climate projections reported in the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment, New Zealand will experience direct impacts, biologically mediated impacts, and socially mediated impacts on health.

  5. Jul 30, 2019 · It highlights the wide-ranging benefits of sustainability and provides ideas of how health facilities in New Zealand can reduce their environmental footprints and contribute to the transition to a sustainable, low-emissions world.

  6. indirect health impacts of climate change (harmful algal blooms, microbial contamination, food availability, quality and safety, mental health and well-being, outdoor air quality, carriers of new diseases, migration of tropical species into New Zealand. potential health benefits from mitigating climate change effects.