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  1. Newfoundland and Labrador - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland

    Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province in Canada, and is at the north-eastern corner of North America. The Strait of Belle Isle separates the province into two geographical parts: Labrador, which is a large area of mainland Canada, and Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean.

    • Canada
  2. Newfoundland (island) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland_(island)

    Newfoundland ( / ˈnjuːfən ( d) lənd, nuː -, - lænd, njuːˈfaʊnd -/, locally / ˌnjuːfəndˈlænd /; French: Terre-Neuve; Mi'kmaq: Taqamkuk) is a large island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It has 29 percent of the province's land area.

    • 108,860 km² (42,030 sq mi)
    • 477,787 (2016)
  3. Newfoundland - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland

    Newfoundland is an island off the east Coast of North America, and is part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The capital city of Newfoundland is St. John's, on the north-east part of the island. Over 500,000 people live in Newfoundland (these people are called Newfoundlanders).

  4. Dominion of Newfoundland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Dominion_of_Newfoundland
    • Overview
    • Etymology and national symbols
    • Political origins
    • First World War and afterwards
    • End of responsible government
    • Second World War

    The Dominion of Newfoundland was a country in eastern North America, today the modern Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It was established on 26 September 1907, and confirmed by the Balfour Declaration of 1926 and the Statute of Westminster of 1931. It included the island of Newfoundland, and Labrador on the continental mainland. Newfoundland was one of the original "dominions" within the meaning of the Balfour Declaration and accordingly enjoyed a constitutional status equivalent

    The official name of the dominion was "Newfoundland" and not, as was sometimes reported, "Dominion of Newfoundland". The distinction is apparent in many statutes, most notably the Statute of Westminster that listed the full name of each realm, including the "Dominion of New Zealand", the "Dominion of Canada", and "Newfoundland". The Newfoundland Blue Ensign, colonial flag from 1870 to 1904 The Newfoundland Red Ensign, civil flag from 1907 to 1931 The Union Flag, official flag of the Dominion of

    In 1854 the British government established Newfoundland's responsible government. In 1855, Philip Francis Little, a native of Prince Edward Island, won a parliamentary majority over Sir Hugh Hoyles and the Conservatives. Little formed the first administration from 1855 to 1858. Newfoundland rejected confederation with Canada in the 1869 general election. Prime Minister of Canada Sir John Thompson came very close to negotiating Newfoundland's entry into confederation in 1892. It remained a colony

    Newfoundland's own regiment, the 1st Newfoundland Regiment, fought in the First World War. On 1 July 1916, the German Army wiped out most of that regiment at Beaumont Hamel on the first day on the Somme, inflicting 90 percent casualties. Yet the regiment went on to serve with distinction in several subsequent battles, earning the prefix "Royal". Despite people's pride in the accomplishments of the regiment, Newfoundland's war debt and pension responsibility for the regiment and the cost of maint

    As a small country which relied primarily upon the export of fish, paper, and minerals, Newfoundland was hit very hard by the Great Depression. Economic frustration combined with anger over government corruption led to a general dissatisfaction with democratic government. On 5 April 1932, a crowd of 10,000 people marched on the Colonial Building and forced Prime Minister Squires to flee. Squires lost an election held later in 1932. The next government, led once more by Alderdice, called upon the

    Given Newfoundland's strategic location in the Battle of the Atlantic, the Allies built many military bases there. Large numbers of unskilled men gained the first paycheques they had seen in years by working on construction and in dockside crews. National income doubled as an economic boom took place in the Avalon Peninsula and to a lesser degree in Gander, Botwood, and Stephenville. The United States became the main supplier, and American money and influence diffused rapidly from the military,

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  6. Newfoundland and Labrador - Simple English Wikipedia, the ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland_and_Labrador

    Newfoundland and Labrador (French: Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador) is a province on the East Coast of Canada, and is the farthest east of all Canadian provinces and territories. The capital of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John's. In 2016, 519,716 people lived in Newfoundland and Labrador.

    • 31 March 1949 (12th)
    • St. John's
  7. St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › St

    The Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland (MI or simply Marine Institute) is a post-secondary ocean and marine polytechnic in St. John's and is affiliated with Memorial University of Newfoundland. MUN offers the lowest tuition in Canada ($2,644, per academic year).

    • Canada
    • 24 June 1497 (Not as an established settlement, but as fishing grounds)
  8. Newfoundland dog - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland_dog
    • Overview
    • Description
    • History
    • Famous Newfoundlands

    The Newfoundland is a large working dog. They can be either black, brown, grey, or white-and-black. However, in the Dominion of Newfoundland, before it became part of the confederation of Canada, only black and Landseer coloured dogs were considered to be proper members of the breed. They were originally bred and used as working dogs for fishermen in Newfoundland. Newfoundlands are known for their giant size, intelligence, tremendous strength, calm dispositions, and loyalty. They excel at water

    Newfoundlands have webbed paws and a water-resistant coat. Males normally weigh 65–80 kg, and females 55–65 kg, placing them in the "Giant" weight range; but some Newfoundlands have been known to weigh over 90 kg – and the largest on record weighed 120 kg and measured ...

    The Newfoundland is known for its calm and docile nature and its strength. They are very loyal, have a mild nature and make great working dogs. It is for this reason that this breed is known as "the gentle giant". International kennel clubs generally describe the breed as having

    There are several health problems associated with Newfoundlands. Newfoundlands are prone to hip dysplasia. They also get elbow dysplasia, and cystinuria. Another genetic problem is subvalvular aortic stenosis. This is a common heart defect in Newfoundlands involving defective hea

    Genome analysis indicates that Newfoundlands are related to the Irish water spaniel, Labrador Retriever, and Curly-Coated Retriever. The Newfoundland was originally bred and used as working dogs for fishermen in Newfoundland. In the early 1880s, fishermen and explorers from Irela

    The breed's working role was varied. Many tales have been told of the courage displayed by Newfoundlands in adventuring and lifesaving exploits. Over the last two centuries, this has inspired a number of artists, who have portrayed the dogs in paint, stone, bronze, and porcelain.

    During the Discovery Channel's second day of coverage of the AKC Eukanuba National Championship on December 3, 2006, anchor Bob Goen reported that Newfoundlands exhibit a very strong propensity to rescue people from water. Goen stated that one Newfoundland alone once aided the re

    A famous all-black Newfoundland performed as the star attraction in Van Hare's Magic Circus from 1862 and for many years thereafter in one of England's founding circus acts, traveling throughout Europe. The circus dog was known as the "Thousand Guinea Dog Napoleon" or "Napoleon t

    • Thick and straight
    • Provincial mammal of Newfoundland
  9. Newfoundland English - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland_English
    • Overview
    • Other names for Newfoundland English
    • Phonological and grammatical features
    • Other languages and dialects that have influenced Newfoundland English
    • Newfoundland English expressions
    • Other

    Newfoundland English is a term referring to any of several accents and dialects of Atlantic Canadian English found in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Most of these differ substantially from the English commonly spoken elsewhere in Canada and North America. Many Newfoundland dialects are influenced by the dialects of England's West Country, in particular the city of Bristol and the counties of Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Hampshire and Somerset, while in terms of general cultural heritage,

    Newfoundland English is often called Newfinese. The term Newfie is also sometimes used, though this word is sometimes seen as pejorative.

    Th-stopping The is used to represent the voiced “th” sound /ð/, and a to represent the voiceless one /θ/. For example, “that thing over there” becomes “dat ting over dere”. This is derived from Hiberno-English. Slit fricative t The phoneme /t/ when appearing at ...

    In much of Newfoundland, the words fear and fair are homophones. A similar phenomenon is found in the Norfolk dialect of East Anglia and in New Zealand English. The merger of diphthongs and to is extensive throughout Newfoundland and is a significant feature of Newfoundland Engli

    In a move almost certainly taken from Hiberno-English and influenced by the Irish language, speakers avoid using the verb to have in past participles, preferring formulations including after, such as I'm after telling him to stop instead of I have told him to stop. This is becaus

    There is also a dialect of French centred mainly on the Port au Port Peninsula on the west coast of the island which has affected the syntax of English in the area. One example of these constructs found in Newfoundland is Throw grandpa down the stairs his hat, a dative construction in which the hat makes the trip, not the grandfather. Another is the use of French subject pronoun reinforcement constructions in sentences such as the reply to a question like Where are you going?, reply: Me I'm goin

    In recent years, the most commonly noted Newfoundland English expression might be Whadd'ya at?, loosely translated to "How's it going?" or "What are you doing?" Coming in a close second might be "You're stunned as me arse, b'y," implying incredible stupidity or foolishness in the person being spoken to. Other local expressions include: 1. Eh, b'y: shortened form of "yes, boy." It's a term used to agree with what someone is saying. Can be used sarcastically. 2. Yes, b'y: Yes boy. It is an express

    Although it is referred to as "Newfoundland English" or "Newfinese", the island of Newfoundland is not the only place which uses this dialect. Labrador and an area near the Labrador border, the mostly English-speaking Basse-Côte-Nord of Quebec, also use this form of speaking. Younger generations of this area have adapted the way of speaking, and created some of their own expressions. Some older generations speak Newfoundland English, but it is more commonly used by the younger generations ...

  10. Newfoundland - Wikipedia

    nl.wikipedia.org › wiki › Newfoundland
    • Geschiedenis
    • Geografie
    • Klimaat
    • Fauna en Flora
    • Economie
    • Toerisme
    • Onderwijs
    • Vernoemingen

    Vroege geschiedenis

    Bij L'Anse aux Meadows zijn de overblijfselen gevonden van een Vikingnederzetting. Vermoedelijk is Newfoundland het door Leif Eriksson verkende Vinland van de Vikingen, dat voor het eerst beschreven werd in 1076 door Adam van Bremen. Zij kwamen er toen in contact met de lokale bevolking, de Beothuk. Tijdens een expeditie in 1497 heeft ontdekkingsreiziger John Cabot het eiland waarschijnlijk herontdekt. In opdracht van koning Hendrik VII voer hij met achttien man op de Matthew naar het westen...

    17e eeuw

    Het zuidoostelijke schiereiland Avalon is een van de eerste gebieden van Brits-Amerika dat permanente kolonisten kende. Zo was de nederzetting Cupids (1610) de tweede permanente Britse nederzetting in Noord-Amerika (na Jamestown in Virginia). De eerste zeer succesvolle Britse kolonie op Newfoundland was de kolonie Avalon (1621), nabij het hedendaagse Ferryland. Het schiereiland nam later de naam aan van die kolonie, die van 1637 tot 1650 de facto als hoofdstad van de kolonie Newfoundland fung...

    18e eeuw – heden

    Hoewel de Kolonie Newfoundland in Britse handen was, hadden de Fransen wel visserij- en visverwerkingsrechten langs een gedeelte van de noord- en westkust. Deze waren belangrijk aangezien Newfoundland vooral een interessante vestigingsplaats was vanwege de bijzonder visrijke wateren nabij het eiland. De zogenaamde "Franse kust" bleef bestaan tot in 1904. De Franstalige minderheid op het schiereiland Port au Porten heel wat Franstalige toponiemen herinneren aan dit verleden. De beste viswatere...

    Newfoundland wordt in het westen gekenmerkt door de Long Range, een bergketen die van zuid naar noord loopt en die een uitloper van de Appalachen is. In het uiterste zuidwesten liggen de Anguille Mountains, een nevengebergte van de Long Range waar zich onder andere de Codroyvallei bevindt. De Exploitsis met 272 km de langste rivier van het eiland. Doordat Newfoundland het meest oostelijke punt van Noord-Amerika is, kent het tevens de kortste oversteek naar Europa. Hierdoor was het eiland onder andere de vertrekplaats van de eerste trans-Atlantische vlucht (1919) en de aankomstplaats van de trans-Atlantische telegraafkabel (1866) en de eerste trans-Atlantische telefoonkabel(1956).

    Newfoundland is ongeveer gelijkmatig verdeeld over twee klimaattypes volgens de classificatie van Köppen. Iets meer dan de helft van het eiland heeft een vochtig continentaal klimaat met warme zomers (type Dfb). Dit is vergelijkbaar met het klimaat van de Hoge Venen en van het oosten van Duitsland. Heel wat bergachtige gebieden op het eiland, waaronder het zuidwesten en het Great Northern Peninsula hebben echter een subarctisch klimaat (type Dfc). Ook het schiereiland Burin en het zuiden van het schiereiland Avalon worden door dit klimaattype gekenmerkt. Het klimaattype Dfc komt onder meer voor in Finland en Noord-Zweden. Newfoundland kent naast deze twee klimaattypes ten laatste ook nog gebieden met een subpolair zeeklimaat (type Cfc). Het gaat hier echter om slechts twee zeer kleine kustgebieden in het uiterste zuidoosten van Avalon, met name het gebied rond Cape Race en dat rond St. Shott's. Dit klimaattype komt onder meer voor aan de zuidkust van IJsland en in hoger gelegen dele...

    Fauna

    Newfoundland kent langsheen zijn kustlijn verscheidene plaatsen waar watervogels erg talrijk zijn of jaarlijks neerstrijken om te broeden of overwinteren. Dit gaat vaak over afgelegen rotsachtige kliffen of eilandjes vlak voor de kust, zoals Cape St. Mary's Ecological Reserve in het zuiden van Avalon of het Hare Bay Islands Ecological Reserve in Hare Bay. Daarnaast telt het eiland echter ook enkele rijke, door vogels geliefde estuaria (zoals het Grand Codroy- en het St. George's-estuarium).

    Flora

    Newfoundland telt drie plantensoorten die nergens anders ter wereld voorkomen. Het betreft enerzijds twee uiterst zeldzame kruidachtige bloemplanten uit het geslacht Braya, namelijk Braya longii en Braya fernaldii. Anderzijds betreft het Salix jejuna, een zeer kleine wilgensoort. Ze komen alle drie uitsluitend voor in het uiterste noordwesten van het Great Northern Peninsula. Deze bedreigde soorten groeien op de koude, natte en winderige kalksteenvlaktesdie langs de kust van dat deel van het...

    Historisch gezien was de visserij steeds de belangrijkste inkomstenbron voor de mensen op het eiland, tezamen met onder andere houtkap en mijnbouw. Wegens het koude klimaat en vooral het rotsachtige karakter van de bodem, is landbouw een marginaal verschijnsel. In de late 20e eeuw is de visvangst sterk achteruitgegaan door de dalende visbestanden (vooral van kabeljauw). Nadat de kabeljauwbestanden in de jaren 70 reeds sterk terugvielen, vond er een totale instorting van de Noordwest-Atlantische kabeljauwbestanden plaats begin jaren 90. Daarop werd er door Canada in 1992 een moratoriumop de professionele visserij ervan ingezet, wat ernstige negatieve gevolgen had op de economie van het eiland. Dit leidde naast een hoge werkloosheidsgraad ook een significante demografische terugval in, die vooral in de kleine vissersdorpen groot was en zich tot op heden blijft voortzetten. Vooral daarom begon de provincie sindsdien sterk in te zetten op oliewinning, aangezien er onder de Grand Banks t...

    Het eiland is bereikbaar via verschillende vliegvelden en via de veerhavens van Argentia, Channel-Port aux Basques en St. Barbe. De provinciehoofstad St. John's is met haar internationale luchthaven de belangrijkste toegangspoort. Het is daarnaast zelf een belangrijke toeristische trekpleister voor de provincie, vanwege zijn historische stadscentrum en bekende bezienswaardigheden zoals Signal Hill en de vuurtoren van Cape Spear. De grote centraal gelegen gemeente Ganderis dan weer bekend vanwege zijn rijke luchtvaartverleden. Newfoundland is ook aantrekkelijk vanwege de vele idyllisch gelegen kustdorpjes die vaak een goed bewaard gebleven historisch karakter hebben. De belangrijkste voorbeelden op en rond Newfoundland zijn Bonavista, Trinity, Brigus, Cupids, Ferryland, Dildo, Fortune, Grand Bank, St. Anthony, Twillingate, Change Islands en Fogo Island. Plaatsen als Bay Bulls en Witless Bay zijn erg geliefd bij walvisspotters, terwijl onder andere Elliston, het Cape St. Mary's Ecolog...

    De Memorial University of Newfoundland is een bekende universiteit op het eiland die gevestigd is in St. John's. De universiteit heeft ook een campus in de westelijke stad Corner Brook.

    Er is een hondenras dat vernoemd is naar het eiland, namelijk de Newfoundlander. Ze werden oorspronkelijk door de plaatselijke vissers ingezet als werkhonden.

    • 108.860 km²
    • Canada
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