The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon from 1972 to 1974 that led to Nixon's resignation. The scandal stemmed from the Nixon administration's continuous attempts to cover up its involvement in the June 17, 1972, break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Washington, D.C. Watergate Office Building .
- The Watergate Break-In. The origins of the Watergate break-in lay in the hostile political climate of the time. By 1972, when Republican President Richard M. Nixon was running for reelection, the United States was embroiled in the Vietnam War, and the country was deeply divided.
- Nixon’s Obstruction of Justice. It later came to light that Nixon was not being truthful. A few days after the break-in, for instance, he arranged to provide hundreds of thousands of dollars in “hush money” to the burglars.
- Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein Investigate. By that time, a growing handful of people—including Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, trial judge John J. Sirica and members of a Senate investigating committee—had begun to suspect that there was a larger scheme afoot.
- The Saturday Night Massacre. When Cox refused to stop demanding the tapes, Nixon ordered that he be fired, leading several Justice Department officials to resign in protest.
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Jun 10, 2021 · The Watergate scandal was a series of interlocking political scandals of the U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's administration. The scandal included a break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters in the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C., on June 17, 1972, and subsequent cover-up by people who worked for or with the White House, and by Nixon himself.
President Richard Nixon was triumphantly elected in 1972, but his reign was quickly sullied by the infamous offense of the Watergate Scandal. On June 17, 1972, 5 republicans from Nixon’s administration were arrested for planting electronic bugs in the Watergate apartment-office complex, which also happened to be the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in Washington, DC.
of a Watergate burglar. Octobe r 10, 1972: FBI agents establish that the Watergate break-in stems from a massive campaign of political spying and sabotage conducted on behalf of the Nixon reelection effort.
The watergate scandal was followed after a break in at the Democratic National Committee. Tape recordings were made of Nixon's conversations in Watergate. Jaworski obtained tape recordings made of President Nixon discussion the scandal with some of his advisers.
- Watergate Scandal Summary
- Effects on The Home Front
The story of Watergate arose from all the economic troubles, assassinations, social unrest of the 1960s and lately the publication of the Pentagon Papers in 1970. When President Nixon was running for the re-election in 1972, the States was embroiled in the lengthy, bloody and unpopular Vietnam War (1955-1975) and deeply divided internally. Under such harsh political climate, a forceful presidential campaign was thought to help the president have an easier election than in 1968. Many “dirty-tricks”, therefore, were employed during his campaign including harassing the opponent and bugging in their office.
The Watergate scandal began in mid-1972 following a break-in at the Watergate Hotel Complex on June 17 of five burglars, one of them was working for President Nixon’s Committee to Re-elect the President (CRP – also known derogatorily as CREEP among Nixon’s political opponents). Both the White House and CRP immediately denied any connection to the event. An elaborate cover-up was already under way. In October, the FBI discovered that there was a systematic and illegal spying and sabotage and thatthe break-in was just part of a larger campaign conducted on behalf of CRP leaderships against the Democrats. Although those revelations could not prevent Nixon from being re-elected with a landslide victory in November 1972, a political storm was brewing up.
The Watergate scandal rocked the States and changed its politics forever. 69 government officials were charged in which 47 were found guilty of criminal offences. The scandal greatly tarnished the public image of legal profession and led to a number of governmental reforms. In 1983, a new system of professional ethics called the Model Rules of Professional Conduct came into use. Public cynicism and distrust of the government which had already started due to the dissatisfaction from the Vietnam War rose even more drammatically. Americans began to question their leadership more than ever before. The scandal also left a huge impact on the country’s consciousness that many political scandals have been often labelled with the suffix -gate. The phrase ‘follow the money’ has also become a common lexicon in criminal dealings as it would generally lead to the culprit.
The Watergate scandal consisted of the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters by people indirectly working for President Richard Nixon, and the subsequent cover-up of the administration's involvement by Nixon and members of his staff. The Watergate scandal drew widespread attention and resulted in the resignation of President Nixon.
Watergate.info reports that the scandal began with the arrest of five men for breaking into the Democratic National Committee headquarters in Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972. The men were found to be bugging the building's telephones, including the phone of Democratic chairman Larry O'Brien. The FBI found the name of E. Howard Hunt--a former CIA officer involved in another Nixon controversy--in the address book of one of the burglars. Shortly thereafter, investigators discovered a cashier's check for $25,000 from the committee for the re-election of the president in the bank account of one of the burglars.
Congress, the Justice Department and the press began suspecting a link between the Nixon Administration and the break-in. Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were famously contacted by an anonymous source known as Deep Throat, who informed them that Howard Hunt and the administration were trying to cover up their involvement. Eventually, a collection of White House tapes recording the conversation of President Nixon came to light. Nixon further incriminated himself when he ordered the dismissal of special prosecutor Archibald Cox of the Justice Department, who subpoenaed the tapes.
Eventually, the Supreme Court ordered the release of the tapes. The result was the near-universal acknowledgement of Nixon's culpability. The president resigned on August 8, 1974 in order to avoid certain impeachment and conviction.
The Watergate scandal was one of the worst political scandals in the history of the United States. The scandal began when five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic Party offices on June 17, 1972 and ended with the resignation of President Richard Nixon on August 9, 1974. Where did the name "Watergate" come from?