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The Nobel Prize in Literature 2018 was awarded together with that of 2019 in October 2019.    As of 2019, there have been 29 English -speaking winners of the Nobel Prize in Literature, followed by French and German with 14 winners each.
The Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded, according to the will of Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Bernhard Nobel, “to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind” in the field of literature.
The Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded annually to “the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction.” 109 writers
Sep 28, 2019 · He received the 1973 Nobel Prize in Literature "for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature." 1974: Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson Swedish writer Eyvind Johnson (1900–1976) received the 1974 Nobel Prize in Literature "for a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service of ...
The Nobel Prize in Literature is a Swedish literature prize that is awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning).
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The Nobel Prize in Literature is one of many Nobel Prizes given in honor of Alfred Nobel. Every year, a writer is chosen by the Swedish Academy to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. They choose someone who they think has written something that has great value. Writing of any language could possibly win the Nobel Prize.
Jan 16, 2020 · The Nobel prize literature winners prize includes a gold medal, a diploma, money and international recognition. The Nobel prizes are presented annually on 10th December (the anniversary of Nobel’s death) in the Stockholm town hall, Sweden.
- 1909: Selma Lagerlöf. The Literature Prize was awarded to Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf (1858 - 1940) "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings."
- 1926: Grazia Deledda. Awarded the 1926 prize in 1927 (because the committee had decided in 1926 that no nomination qualified), the Nobel Prize for Literature went to Italy's Grazia Deledda (1871 - 1936) "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general."
- 1928: Sigrid Undset. The Norwegian novelist Sigrid Undset (1882 - 1949) won the 1929 Nobel Prize for Literature, with the committee noting that it was given "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages."
- 1938: Pearl S. Buck. American writer Pearl S. Buck (1892 - 1973) grew up in China, and her writing often was set in Asia. The Nobel committee awarded her the Literature Prize in 1938 "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces.
The prize money for 1914 was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section. 1913 R ABINDRANATH T AGORE because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with comsummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.
- Nobel’s Will and The Literature Prize
- Accept The Task? Discussion in The Swedish Academy
- Nobel’s Guidelines and Their Interpretations: A Short History
- Special Articles
- Epilogue: at The Turn of The Century
Among the five prizes provided for in Alfred Nobel’s will(1895), one was intended for the person who, in the literary field, had produced “the most outstanding work in an ideal direction”. The Laureate should be determined by “the Academy in Stockholm”, which was specified by the statutes of the Nobel Foundation to mean the Swedish Academy. These statutes defined literature as “not only belles-lettres, but also other writings which, by virtue of their form and style, possess literary value”. At the same time, the restriction to works presented “during the preceding year” was softened: “older works” could be considered “if their significance has not become apparent until recently”. It was also stated that candidates must be nominated in writing by those entitled to do so before 1 February each year. A special regulation gave the right of nomination to members of the Swedish Academy and other academies, institutions and societies similar to it in constitution and purpose, and to unive...
Two members of the Swedish Academy spoke strongly against accepting Nobel’s legacy, for fear that the obligation would detract from the Academy’s proper concerns and turn it into “a cosmopolitan tribunal of literature”. They could have added that the Academy, in doldrums at the time, was ill-equipped for the sensitive task. The permanent secretary, Carl David af Wirsén, replied that refusal would deprive “the great figures of continental literature” of an exceptional recognition, and conjured up the weighty reproach to be directed at the Academy if it failed to “acquire an influential position in world literature”. Besides, the task would not be foreign to the purposes of the Academy: proper knowledge of the best in the literature of other countries was necessary for an Academy that had to judge the literature of its own country. This effective argument, which won a qualified majority for acceptance, showed not only openness to Nobel’s far-reaching intentions, but also harbored Wirs...
As guidelines for the distribution of the Literature Prize the Swedish Academy had the general requirement for all the prizes – the candidate should have bestowed “the greatest benefit on mankind” – and the special condition for literature, “in an ideal direction”. Both prescriptions are vague and the second, in particular, was to cause much discussion. What did Nobel actually mean by ideal? In fact, the history of the Literature Prize appears as a series of attempts to interpret an imprecisely worded will. The consecutive phases in that history reflect the changing sensibility of an Academy continuously renewing itself. The main source of knowledge of the principles and criteria applied is the annual reports which the Committee presented to the Academy (itself making part of that body). Also the correspondence between the members is often enlightening. There is an obstacle though: all Nobel information is to be secret for 50 years.
In the first year, the number of nominations was 25. In the early time of the Prize the members of the Swedish Academy were reluctant to use their right to nominate candidates. Impartiality suggested that proposals should come from outside. As no one abroad nominated Tolstoy in 1901, the self-evident candidate of the time fell outside the discussion. The omission caused a strong reaction from Swedish writers and artists who sent an address to Tolstoy – who answered by declining any future pri...
The Nobel committee
The Nobel Committee is a working unit of 3-5, chosen within the Swedish Academy, (with a rare additional member from outside). Its task is to examine the proposals made and study all relevant literary material to select the candidates to be considered by the Academy. Formerly the Committee presented only one name for the decision of the Academy, which usually confirmed the choice of its Committee. (There are exceptions though: the Academy preferred Tagore in 1913 and Henri Bergsonin 1927.) Fr...
“Ideal” – A textual examination
As was shown by Sture Allén, the adjective “ideal” referring to an ideal was used by several of Nobel’s contemporaries; one of them was Strindberg. However, the word is, he found, an amendment made by Nobel in his handwritten will. He seems to have written “idealirad”, with “idealiserad” (idealized) in mind, but checked himself in front of the reference to embellishment in this word for upliftment and wrote “sk” over the final letters “rad”, thus ending in the disputed word “idealisk”. Allén...
The last literary Nobel Prize of the twentieth century was awarded to Günter Grass,“whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history”. The choice won general acclaim but the moment was called in question. Why not three decades ago when Grass was at the summit of his craft? And why just now? The first question takes us back to the situation around 1970 when Böll and Grass were both hot names. When the laurel was given to Böll in 1972 the citation recalled his contribution “to a renewal of German literature”. The word had, however, a special meaning here. As was clarified in Gierow’s speech to the Laureate “the renewal” was “not an experiment with form” but “a rebirth out of annihilation”, “a resurrection” of a ravaged culture “to the joy and benefit of us all”: “Such was the kind of work Alfred Nobel wished his prize to reward.” This meant that the foremost representative of a moral renaissance from the ruins of the Third Reich was preferred, with a direct appeal t...