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  1. normative ethics, that branch of moral philosophy, or ethics, concerned with criteria of what is morally right and wrong. It includes the formulation of moral rules that have direct implications for what human actions, institutions, and ways of life should be like.

    • Two Foci of Normative Ethics: Action and Character
    • Important Normative Theories
    • Issues on Normative Ethics
    • See Also
    • References
    • External Links

    Normative ethics has two central concepts: The right and the morally good. The concept of the right is, roughly, the concept of duty, the concept of which actions we ought to perform, which it would be wrong not to perform. The concept of the morally good, a target of the theory of value, or axiology (Greek: axios = worth; logos = study of), refers...

    Normative theories are concerned with, broadly, the nature of right action and the nature of virtue. All normative theories will have something to say about which actions are right, and which states of character are virtues. Four normative theories currently exist. These are utilitarianism, Kantianism, ethical intuitionism (in its methodological se...

    Internal tension within normative ethics

    Normative ethics has two different foci it is interested in dealing with: action and character. The question of action is usually asked by utilitarianism, Kantianism, and ethical intuitionism in its methodological sense, and they address it by setting up moral rules and principles which determine which actions are right. By contrast, the question of character is handled by virtue ethics, which begins with an account of virtuous character. There is some tension between both approaches, which t...

    The ground of moral values in ethics

    Normative ethics is interested in establishing moral principles (to determine which actions are right) and virtues (to decide which states of character are morally good). But, the question is: Where do these moral values (that is, moral principles and virtues) come from? Are they simply human conventions (as in moral relativism adhered to by well-known people such as Greek skeptic philosopher Sextus Empiricus, sixteenth-century French writer Michel de Montaigne, nineteenth century German phil...

    Adams, Robert M. The Virtue of Faith and Other Essays in Philosophical Theology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. ISBN 0195041461.
    Anscombe, G.E.M. "Modern Moral Philosophy."Retrieved November 20, 2008.
    Darwall, Stephen. "Why Ethics Is Part of Philosophy: A Plea for a Philosophical Ethics." In The Proceedings of the Twentieth world Congress of Philosophy, Volume 1: Ethics, edited by Klaus Brinkman...
    Fieser, James, ed. Metaethics, Normative Ethics, and Applied Ethics: Contemporary and Historical Readings. Wadsworth Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0534573843.

    All links retrieved December 10, 2018. 1. Normative Ethics: What Moral Standards Should We Use?ThoughtCo.com.

  2. Normative ethical theories Virtue ethics. Virtue ethics, advocated by Aristotle with some aspects being supported by Saint Thomas Aquinas, focuses... Deontological ethics. Deontology argues that decisions should be made considering the factors of one's duties and one's... Consequentialism. ...

    • DEONTOLOGICAL ETHICS. Deontology is the study of moral duty. It teaches that ethical behavior starts with an established...
    • CONSEQUENTIALIST ETHICS. Consequentialism is a school that almost takes the acting agent out of the process, replacing...
    • ETHICAL RELATIVISM. The definition of ethics does not demand that right and wrong be immutable. That...
    • Virtue ethics. Virtue ethics, advocated by Aristotle with some aspects being supported by Saint Thomas Aquinas, focuses...
    • Deontological ethics. Deontology argues that decisions should be made considering the factors of one’s duties and one’s...
    • Consequentialism. Consequentialism argues that the morality of an action is contingent on the...
  3. Normative ethics seeks to set norms or standards for conduct. The term is commonly used in reference to the discussion of general theories about what one ought to do, a central part of Western ethics since ancient times.

  4. Aug 26, 2017 · Normative theories attempt to tell us what we should do and how we ought, morally speaking, to live. They examine the rightness and wrongness of actions. Generally speaking, normative theories take into account (1) the agent (the person who acts) (2) the act itself and (3) the consequences of that act.

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