Normative ethics The debate over consequentialism. Normative ethics seeks to set norms or standards for conduct. The term is commonly used in reference to the discussion of general theories about what one ought to do, a central part of Western ethics since ancient times.
Normative ethics, also known as normative theory, or moral theory, intends to find out which actions are right and wrong, or which character traits are good and bad. In contrast, meta-ethics, as the term suggests, is a study of the nature of ethics.
Ethics is concerned with whether and how those ethical opinions can be reasonably justified. Normative ethics in particular is concerned with articulating and developing the general ethical theories in terms of which ethical opinions at the applied level might be justified.
‘Normative ethics’ is an enormous field. It is concerned with the articulation and the justification of the fundamental principles that govern the issues of how we should live and what we morally ought to do.
Normative ethics has three major subfields: virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism. We will focus on deontology and consequentialism because these two subfields are concerned with how to determine what makes ethical actions . Deontology and Consequentialism are two different approaches for determining the moral correctness of an action.
Normative Ethics Publisher: Westview Press Copyright Date: 1997 Author (Faculty Member): Shelly Kagan Providing a thorough introduction to current philosophical views on morality, Normative Ethics examines an act s rightness or wrongness in light of such factors as consequences, harm, and consent.
Dec 10, 2020 · Traditionally, the study of ethics is normative – meaning that one is trying to discover how one ought to behave, not how people actually are behaving. This is why it is often said that it is hard to be ethical – to do the right thing – because frequently people do not act ethically.