normative ethics, that branch of moral philosophy, or ethics, concerned with criteria of what is morally right and wrong. It includes the formulation of moral rules that have direct implications for what human actions, institutions, and ways of life should be like.
deontological ethics, in philosophy, ethical theories that...
teleological ethics, (teleological from Greek telos, “end”;...
metaethics, the subdiscipline of ethics concerned with the...
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ethics of care, also called care ethics, feminist...
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legal ethics, principles of conduct that members of the...
Feb 22, 2023 · applied ethics, the application of normative ethical theories —i.e., philosophical theories regarding criteria for determining what is morally right or wrong, good or bad—to practical problems.
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Normative ethics is concerned with principles of morality. This branch itself can be divide into various sub-branches (and in various ways): consequentialist theories, deontological theories, and virtue-based theories.
- The Concepts of Beneficence and Benevolence. The term beneficence connotes acts or personal qualities of mercy, kindness, generosity, and charity. It is suggestive of altruism, love, humanity, and promoting the good of others.
- The Place of Beneficence in the History of Ethical Theory. The history of ethical theory shows that there are many ways to think about beneficence and benevolence.
- Is Beneficent Action Obligatory or Merely a Moral Ideal? As discussion above about the continuum of beneficence indicates, deep disagreements have emerged in moral theory regarding how much is demanded by obligations of beneficence.
- The Problem of Over-Demanding Beneficence. Some philosophers defend extremely demanding and far-reaching principles of obligatory beneficence. Peter Singer’s theory has been the most widely discussed account.
Applied ethics, also called practical ethics, is the application of ethics to real-world problems. Practical ethics attempts to answer the question of how people should act in specific situations. For example, is it ethical for a business owner to bluff during negotiations with another company?
Sep 25, 2019 · A remarkably lucid and readable introduction to applied ethics. It covers a wide range of areas such as abortion, animal ethics, civil disobedience, environmental ethics, and our obligations to refugees and world hunger. The book has been reprinted several times, including a 2011 third edition.