North Carolina (/ ˌ k ær ə ˈ l aɪ n ə / ) is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the 28th largest and 9th-most populous of the 50 United States. It is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west.
North Carolina declared its secession from the Union on May 20, 1861, becoming the last of eleven states to join the Confederate States. Following the Civil War, North Carolina was restored to the Union on July 4, 1868. The Emancipation Proclamation was ratified December 6, 1865, ending legal slavery in the United States.
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North Carolina was a province of Great Britain that existed in North America from 1712 to 1776. It was one of the five Southern colonies and one of the thirteen American colonies. The monarch of Great Britain was represented by the Governor of North Carolina, until the colonies declared independence on July 4, 1776.
"Carolina" is taken from the Latin word for "Charles", honoring King Charles II, and was first named in the 1663 Royal Charter granting to Edward, Earl of Clarendon; George, Duke of Albemarle; William, Lord Craven; John, Lord Berkeley; Anthony, Lord Ashley; Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkeley, and Sir John Colleton the right to settle lands in the present-day U.S. states of North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida.
King Charles II granted the Charter of Carolina in 1663 for land south of the British Colony of Virginia and north of Spanish Florida. He granted the land to eight lords proprietor, namely Edward, Earl of Clarendon; George, Duke of Albemarle; William, Lord Craven; John, Lord Berkeley; Anthony, Lord Ashley; Sir George Carteret; Sir William Berkeley; and Sir John Colleton. Charles granted the land in return for their financial and political assistance in restoring him to the throne in 1660. The gr
The oldest counties were Albemarle County and Bath County. During the period of 1668 to 1774, 32 counties were created. As western counties, such as Anson and Rowan Counties were created, their western borders were not well defined and extended west as far as the Mississippi. Toward the end of this period, the boundaries were more well defined and extended to include the Cherokee lands in the west.
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Until recently, North Carolina had long leaned Democratic. In presidential elections, it has voted Democratic twice as many times as it has voted Republican. In presidential elections from 1968 to 2004, North Carolina supported the Democrat only in 1976, when he came from the South. However, from presidential elections from the century of 1868 to 1964, inclusive, North Carolina voted for the Democrat in all 25 elections except for 1928. Despite the fact that North Carolina is steadily growing conservative, the governor, Roy Cooper,is a Democrat.
North Carolina touches South Carolina on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee on the west, Virginia on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. The state is divided into three distinct geographical areas, the Coastal Plains to the east, the centrally located Piedmont region, and the mountain ranges of Appalachia to the west. The eastern seaboard of the state is lined with a string of barrier islands known as The Outer Banks. North Carolina is known for its varying weather across the geographically diverse regions of the state.
Before the English came, about 30 Native American groups lived in North Carolina. In 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh started two colonies in what is now known as North Carolina, but they did not last long. One of these, the Roanoke Colony later became known as the Lost Colony and is still known as one of the great unsolved mysteries of early American history to this day. Virginia Dare, the first English child born in the America, was born in the Roanoke Colony. The first permanent settlers in North...
The American Revolutionary War
North Carolina was an important state during the American Revolutionary War.
The Civil War
In 1860, North Carolina was a slave state. About 1/3 of the people in the state were slaves. North Carolina fought as part of the Confederacy during the Civil War, but it was the last state to leave the Union. The state sent about 125,000 troops to fight in the war and about 40,000 of them died. Even during the war some people in North Carolina did not support the Confederacy, mostly because the Confederacy believed in slavery. The first Confederate soldier to be killed was from North Carolina.
Farming and Manufacturing
Farms in North Carolina grow many different foods such as grapes, peanuts, Christmas trees, poultry and eggs, wheat, corn, cucumbers, apples, greens, tobacco, hogs, milk, cattle, sweet potatoes, and soybeans. North Carolina grows more tobacco than any other state in the country. Furniture making is an important industry in North Carolina, but over the past few years many jobs have moved to other countries like China and India.
Banking and Technology
Charlotte, the biggest city in North Carolina, is the second biggest banking city in the United States, making banking very important in North Carolina. BB&T and Bank of Americahave their main offices in the state. Technology is also important in North Carolina. There are many companies that make computer software and video games in the state. Winston-Salem is a center for innovation in biomedical and material sciences and information technology called the Wake Forest Innovation Quarter. Rese...
North Carolina has four hospitals that are nationally ranked with many NICUs at a IV rating (highest possible rating in the United States). Wake Forest Baptist Medical Centeris reported by the U.S. News & World Report as one of the top hospitals in the nation. Brenner Children's Hospital and Health Services is designated a Nurse Magnet facility and it was rated in 2014 as one of America's best children's hospitals.
North Carolina has more state maintained roads than any other American state.The biggest roads are:
There are many major and international airports in North Carolina. These are:
North Carolina is a state in the Unitit States o Americae, on the east coast. Nor Carolina haes the 10t maist indwallers o aa the States o the U.S., an is the 28t lairgest state bi aurie. The state is dividit intae 100 coonties. The caipital is Raleigh, that alang wi Durham an Chapel Hill is hame tae the lairgest resairch pairk in the Unitit ...
North Carolina liegt an der Südostküste der Vereinigten Staaten und grenzt an die Bundesstaaten South Carolina und Georgia im Süden, Tennessee im Westen und Virginia im Norden. Im Osten liegt der Atlantik. Die Nordgrenze des Staats verläuft auf dem Breitengrad von 36°35′10″ im Westen bis 36°32′27″ im Osten.
John Haywood (1754–1827), a North Carolina State Treasurer. 54,033 555 sq mi (1,437 km 2) Henderson County: 089: Hendersonville: 1838: Buncombe County: Leonard Henderson (1772–1833), Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. 89,173
Kinston is a city in Lenoir County, North Carolina, United States, with a population of 21,677 as of the 2010 census. It has been the county seat of Lenoir County since its formation in 1791. Kinston is located in the coastal plains region of eastern North Carolina. In 2009, Kinston won the All-America City Award.
- 18.56 sq mi (48.08 km²)
- 43 ft (13 m)
- National Register of Historic Places
New Bern, formerly called Newbern, is a city in Craven County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 29,524, which had risen to an estimated 29,994 as of 2019. It is the county seat of Craven County and the principal city of the New Bern Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located at the confluence of the Neuse and the Trent rivers, near the North Carolina coast. It lies 112 miles east of Raleigh, 80 miles north of Wilmington, and 162 miles south of Norfolk
Varying complex cultures of indigenous peoples had lived along the waterways of North Carolina for thousands of years before Europeans arrived in the area. The Tuscarora, an Iroquoian-speaking people, had migrated south from the Great Lakes area at some ancient time and occupied the area for several hundred years before the first Europeans arrived. The Tuscarora had a village called Chattoka at the confluence of the rivers. They resisted encroachment by the Europeans, resulting in the Tuscarora
New Bern's location near the Atlantic coast makes it subject to the effects of Atlantic hurricane seasons. For example, in the 18th century the town suffered severe damage in the Great Chesapeake Bay Hurricane of 1769. Other hurricanes such as Hurricane Ione in 1955 and Hurricane Floyd in 1999 have also caused significant flooding and damage. In September 2018, Hurricane Florence made landfall in the United States just south of Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, 88.4 miles southwest of New Bern
The following are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The United States Census Bureau considers New Bern to be centered at 35°6′33″N 77°4′9″W / 35.10917°N 77.06917°W / 35.10917; -77.06917. It is sited at the junction of the Trent and Neuse rivers, two tidal waterways. U.S. Route 70 and U.S. Route 17 pass through the city, merging briefly as a four-lane expressway passing south of the city center. US 70 leads west 33 miles to Kinston and southeast 35 miles to Morehead City near the Atlantic Ocean. Raleigh, the state capital ...
Coastal Carolina Regional Airport is a public airport located 3 miles south of the central business district of New Bern. The airport offers connecting flights to the Atlanta and Charlotte airports daily. The New Bern Transport Corporation, a business entity owned by PepsiCo to manage its fleet of delivery trucks and other motor vehicles, is located in White Plains, New York, but was named after the town where Pepsi-Cola was first developed.