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      • 6 January: North Korea conducts its fourth nuclear test. ...
      • 6 July: A high-level DPRK Government spokesman's statement was made defining a more precise meaning of "denuclearization", as covering the whole Korean peninsula and its vicinity, signalling a willingness to ...
      • 9 September: North Korea conducts its fifth underground nuclear test. ...
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_North_Korean_nuclear_program
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    What are North Korea's true nuclear capabilities?

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  2. List of nuclear weapons tests of North Korea - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_nuclear_weapons

    160 kt (Revised estimates from Japanese Government) 250 kt ( 38 North and revised NORSAR estimate) North Korea has conducted six nuclear tests, in 2006, 2009, 2013, twice in 2016, and in 2017.

    Sequence
    Date time ( UT )
    Local time zone
    Location
    9 October 2006 01:35:27
    KST (+9 hrs)
    Punggye-ri Test Site, North Korea ...
    25 May 2009 00:54:43
    KST (+9 hrs)
    Punggye-ri Test Site, North Korea ...
    12 February 2013 02:57:51
    KST (+9 hrs)
    Punggye-ri Test Site, North Korea ...
    6 January 2016 01:30:01
    PYT (+8:30 hrs)
    Punggye-ri Test Site, North Korea ...
  3. The nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula continued to deteriorate throughout 2006, reaching a low point in October when North Korea conducted its first nuclear test at 10:35AM (local time) at the Punggye-ri test site The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) announced that the test was conducted at a "stirring time when all the people of the country are making a great leap forward in the building of a great prosperous powerful socialist nation."

    • Nuclear
    • Biological
    • Chemical
    • Missile

    North Korea’s nuclear ambitions date to the Korean War in the 1950s but came to the attention of the international community in 1992, when the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) discovered that its nuclear activities were more extensive than declared. The revelations led North Korea to withdraw from the IAEA in 1994. In an effort to prevent North Korean withdrawal from the NPT, the United States and North Korea negotiated the Agreed Framework, in which Pyongyang agreed to freeze its nuclear activities and give access to IAEA inspectors in exchange for U.S.-supplied light water reactors and energy assistance. The Agreed Framework broke down in 2002. North Korea unilaterally withdrew from the NPT in January 2003, prompting China, Japan, Russia, South Korea, and the United States to engage North Korea in the Six-Party Talks in a further attempt at a diplomatic solution to the country’s nuclear program. The talks fell apart in 2009, and no serious diplomatic initiatives to denucl...

    North Korea accede to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in 1987 and became party to the Geneva Protocol in 1988. U.S. intelligence sources consider North Korea capable of biological weapons production and weaponization. However, open source information on the status of the DPRK's biological weapons program tells a conflicting story. The 2018 Defense White Paper by South Korea's Ministry of National Defense estimates that the DPRK possesses the causative agents of anthrax, smallpox, and plague, among others. The U.S. Secretary of Defense’s 2017 report assesses that North Korea may consider the use of biological weapons as an option, contrary to its obligations under the Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention (BTWC), but does not reference specific agent stockpiles.

    North Korea is not a signatory to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). The DPRK’s pursuit of chemical weapons dates to 1954, and it most likely obtained indigenous offensive CW production capabilities in the early 1980s. The South Korean 2018 Defense White Paper estimates that North Korea has stockpiled between 2,500 and 5,000 tons of CW agent. Pyongyang has concentrated on acquiring mustard, phosgene, sarin, and V-type chemical agents. Reports indicate that the DPRK has approximately 12 facilities where raw chemicals, precursors, and agents are produced and/or stored, as well as six major storage depots for chemical weapons. Allegations of chemical and biological weapons testing on prisoners and persons with disabilities have been made by North Korean defectors, but the accuracy of these testimonies is unconfirmed. In February 2017, the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, Kim Jong-nam, was assassinated in the Kuala Lumpur international airport. Following the attack,...

    North Korea possesses a large and increasingly sophisticated ballistic missileprogram, and conducts frequent missile test launches, heightening East Asian tensions. In 2017, North Korea successfully tested the Hwasong-14 and Hwasong-15, its first ICBMs, which some experts believe gives North Korea the capability to deliver a nuclear payload anywhere in the United States. North Korea’s initiated its ballistic missile program in the late 1970s and early 1980s, when it acquired Soviet Scud-type missiles from Egypt and reverse-engineered them. In the early 1990’s, with assistance from Iranand several other countries, North Korea began producing Nodong medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM). North Korea has developed and tested a number of new missiles since Kim Jong-un’s ascension to leadership in 2011, such as the Intermediate-Range Hwasong-12 and the extended range (ER) Scud. 2019 and 2020 have seen numerous test launches of various models of solid-fueled short-range ballistic missile...

  4. North Korea's Nuclear Test and its Aftermath: Coping with the ...

    www.nti.org › north-koreas-nuclear-test-aftermath
    • Questions Still Remain About North Korea's Program
    • The Test and The CTBTO
    • Reaction of Major Stakeholders
    • Conclusion

    North Korea conducted its second nuclear weapon test on May 25, 2009, at 9:54AM local time. According to early estimates from the U.S. government, the test took place 75 km NNW of Kimchaek, North Korea, 95 km SW of Chongjin, North Korea, 180 km SSW of Yanji, Jilin, China and 380 km NE of Pyongyang, North Korea. This placed the 2009 test in the same vicinity of North Korea's first test in October 2006. The first test took place at Mount Mant'ap nuclear test site near the village of Punggye-ri in North Hamgyong Province. The 2009 test registered 4.7 on the Richter scale according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The test performed in October 2006 registered 4.3. Although there has been no conclusive determination of the exact yield of the explosion, experts point to between 2 to 4 kilotons. In the 2006 explosion, North Korea was reportedly hoping for a 4 kt yield, but only achieved about 0.8 kt. While the yield of 4 kt is considered low, some analysts remain concerned that North Korea i...

    Ironically, one positive take-away from the test has been the increased confidence placed in the International Monitoring System (IMS) of the CTBTO. After North Korea threatened to test again in April 2009, the CTBTO's International Data Center (IDC) prepared for the possibility of test. The IDC is in charge of analyzing all information received from the hundreds of stations worldwide that make up the IMS. As concerns over the possibility of a new test increased, the IDC took a number of measures, including staffing the center round the clock, an action which will not likely occur regularly until after the CTBT enters into force. Preparations were also made by the CTBTO Public Information Section to ensure that if a nuclear test occurred, the organization would be able to quickly alert both member states and the media. According to an official CTBTO press release issued the day of the test, 23 primary seismic stations and 16 auxiliary seismic stations of the IMS detected signals fro...

    Washington

    In response to the nuclear test, the Obama administration has pushed forcefully for international action to effectively punish Pyongyang. This is in contrast to Washington's more timid reaction to the rocket launch in April, when the Obama administration called only for an adjustment of the sanctions already imposed by UNSCR 1718. However the latest activities by North Korea have created a general perception in the Obama administration that constant negotiations and give-and-take with Pyongya...

    Seoul

    In a South Korean government statement issued following the test, Seoul condemned the nuclear blast as constituting "a grave challenge to the international nonproliferation regime." The statement pointed out that North Korea's nuclear test contradicted "the 1992 Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and agreements reached at the Six-Party Talks," was "a provocation that can never be tolerated under any circumstances," and a violation of UNSCR 1718. Immediately foll...

    Tokyo

    In Tokyo, the response to the DPRK test has also been notable. Prime Minister Taro Aso strongly condemned the nuclear test as an "intolerable act that poses a significant threat to the national security of Japan as well as the peace and safety of the northeast Asian region and the entire international community." Both the Upper and Lower Houses of the Japanese Diet unanimously adopted resolutions denouncing North Korea's actions. After the Japanese Meteorological Agency detected seismic activ...

    North Korea's intentions surrounding the nuclear test remain unclear. Some argue that the purpose and timing of the test were aimed at gaining concessions from the Obama and Lee administrations. Others argue that the timing points to a power struggle within North Korea for the successor to Kim Jong-il who is very ill. Still others argue that the test was aimed at increasing regime security and assuring survivability. But clearly, a consensus is forming. For years, analysts have debated on the rationales and motivations behind North Korea's nuclear weapons program. Some argue that Pyongyang was seeking to strengthen its bargaining position and therefore it might accept nuclear disarmament in exchange for political and diplomatic recognition, economic assistance, and security guarantee. Now it appears that Kim Jong-il's regime has no intention of giving up its nuclear arsenal. Instead, it is currently demanding that it be recognize as a nuclear weapon state, no matter what incentives...

  5. A brief history of North Korea's nuclear programs - We Are ...

    www.wearethemighty.com › articles › a-brief-history

    Jul 22, 2021 · Until 2006, that is, when North Korea conducted its first underground nuclear test, along with seven ballistic missile tests. North Korea had officially joined the nuclear club. Since then, the effort to get North Korea to end its nuclear and missile programs has been a mess of quick starts and stops.

  6. North Korea Isn't Planning Any Nuclear Weapons Tests Anytime ...

    nationalinterest.org › blog › korea-watch

    Jun 16, 2021 · North Korea Isn't Planning Any Nuclear Weapons Tests Anytime Soon The Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site has been the site of all six of North Korea’s nuclear tests so far, with the first test taking...

  7. Timeline of the North Korean nuclear program - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Timeline_of_the_North

    This chronology of the North Korean nuclear program has its roots in the 1950s and begins in earnest in 1989 with the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the main economic ally of North Korea.

  8. List of North Korean missile tests - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_North_Korean

    On September 3, 2017, North Korea claimed to have successfully tested a thermonuclear bomb, also known as a hydrogen bomb (see 2017 North Korean nuclear test). Corresponding seismic activity similar to an earthquake of magnitude 6.3 was reported by the USGS making the blast around 10 times more powerful than previous detonations by the country.

    Date
    Information
    March 25, 2021
    North Korea carried out test-launch of ...
    March 2, 2020
    North Korea carried out test-launch of ...
    November 28, 2019
    North Korea test-launched two ...
    October 31, 2019
    North Korea test-fired two short-range ...
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