Old English ( Englisċ, pronounced [ˈeŋɡliʃ] ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the mid-5th century, and the first Old English literary works date from the mid-7th ...
The Old English language, often called Anglo-Saxon, was spoken in Anglo-Saxon England from 450 AD to 1100 AD. It was spoken by the Anglo-Saxons, who came to Great Britain from what is now Germany and Denmark. Different Anglo-Saxon kingdoms spoke different dialects, but a western dialect became the main literary version.
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English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the Frisian North Sea coast, whose languages gradually evolved into the Anglic languages in the British Isles, and into the Frisian languages and Low German/Low Saxon on the continent.
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Germanic tribes (Saxons, Angles, and Jutes) came to Britain from around 449 AD. They made their home in the south and east of the island, pushing out the Celtic Britons who were there before them, or making them speak the English language instead of the old Celtic languages. Some people still speak Celtic languages today, in Wales (Welsh) and elsewhere. Gaelic is the Scottish Celtic language, still spoken by some in the Scottish Highlands and Islands. "Scots" is a dialect of English (although some call it a separate language). Irish Gaelicis spoken by very few people today. The Germanic dialects of these different tribes became what is now called Old English. The word "English" comes from the name of the Angles: Englas. Old English did not sound or look much like the English spoken today. If English speakers today were to hear or read a passage in Old English, they would understand just a few words. The closest language to English that is still used today is Frisian, spoken by about...
Written English uses a strange spelling. Different words can use the same letters and combinations for very different sounds. For example, "-ough" was once a gutturalbut has become different in "through" (threw), "rough" (ruff), "dough" (doe) or "cough" (coff). That can make it a difficult language to learn. Many English-speaking countries spell words differently. Some words are spelled differently in the United States from in the United Kingdom and many other countries and others of the British Commonwealth, where English is the main language. The different ways of spelling are sometimes called "American English" and "British English". For example, "colour" is spelled "color" in American English, and "programme" is spelled "program". Even the word "spelled" is different in British English, which uses "spelt".
The English Alphabet consists of 26 letters:- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Nearly 60% of the vocabularyin the English language comes from Latin and its descendents, mainly French: 1. Langue d'oïl (French): 29.3% 2. Latin, including modern scientific and technical Latin and Frankish (Germanic language): 28.7% 3. Germanic languages: 24% (inherited from Old English/Anglo-Saxon, Proto-Germanic, Old Norse, etc. without including Germanic words borrowed from a Romance languages) 4. Greek: 5.32% 5. Italian, Spanish and Portuguese: 4.03% 6. Derived from proper names: 3.28% 7. All other languages: less than 1% However, the most common words are more often those of Germanic origin. Also, expressions and typical short phrases are often of Germanic origin.
Jan 01, 2021 · This is the main category of the Old English language . It is an extinct language that was formerly spoken in the United Kingdom . Information about Old English: Please see Wiktionary:About Old English for information and special considerations for creating Old English language entries. Category:ang:All topics: Old English terms organized by ...
- Old English
- West Germanic
Apr 22, 2021 · Proper noun. Old English. ( linguistics, historical) The ancestor language of Modern English, also called Anglo-Saxon, spoken in most of Britain from about 400 to 1100. Synonym: Anglo-Saxon. Coordinate terms: Classical English, Middle English, Modern English, New English.
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Jun 28, 2021 · Wp/enm. This test project has been nominated for deletion at Incubator:Requests for deletions/Requests#Wp/enm. Currently Ancient languages are not eligible for new wikis. There has been a request to change this policy. You can sign your support here. This is an open test wiki of the Wikimedia Incubator.
Please refer to the Grammar and Writing style guide and Old English self-correction checklist when contributing to the Old English Wikipedia. Gewritu be þæm Englum Wicinga ieldu • Hæðenscipe • Island • Winland