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  1. Organ (anatomy) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_(anatomy)

    An organ is a group of tissues with similar functions. Plant life and animal life rely on many organs that coexist in organ systems.

    • Structure

      In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level...

    • Function

      Non-placozoan animals such as humans have a variety of organ...

    • Society and culture

      Many societies have a system for organ donation, in which a...

    • History

      The English word "organ" dates back to the twelfth century,...

    • Origin and evolution

      The organ level of organisation in animals can be first...

  2. Organ (music) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_(music)

    The pump organ, reed organ or harmonium, was the other main type of organ before the development of the electronic organ. It generated its sounds using reeds similar to those of an accordion . Smaller, cheaper and more portable than the corresponding pipe instrument, these were widely used in smaller churches and in private homes, but their ...

  3. Organ - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ

    Organ, any official periodical (i.e., magazine, newsletter, or similar publication) of an organization Organ (magazine) , a UK music magazine run by Organart The Organ (newspaper) , an underground newspaper published in San Francisco

  4. Organ system - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_system

    An organ system is a group of organs that work together as a biological system to perform one or more functions. Each organ does a particular job in the body, and is made up of distinct tissues . The nervous system in its place in the body

    Organ System
    Description
    Component Organs
    breathing: exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
    nose, mouth, sinus, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs and diaphragm.
    digestion: breakdown and absorption of nutrients, excretion of solid wastes
    teeth, tongue, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus
    circulate blood in order to transport nutrients, waste, hormones, O2, CO2, and aid in maintaining pH and temperature
    blood, heart, arteries, veins, capillaries
    maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, purify blood and excrete liquid waste (urine)
    kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
  5. Pipe organ - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pipe_organ

    The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through the organ pipes selected from a keyboard. Because each pipe produces a single pitch, the pipes are provided in sets called ranks, each of which has a common timbre and volume throughout the keyboard compass.

    • Organ, church organ
  6. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The pipe organ is a keyboard instrument in which the sound is made by air blowing through pipes. A person who plays the organ is called an organist.

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  8. Hammond organ - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hammond_organ
    • Overview
    • Features
    • History
    • Speakers
    • Tone generation
    • Clones and emulation devices

    The Hammond organ is an electric organ invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935. Various models have been produced, most of which use sliding drawbars to vary sounds. Until 1975, Hammond organs generated sound by creating an electric current from rotating a metal tonewheel near an electromagnetic pickup, and then strengthening the signal with an amplifier to drive a speaker cabinet. The organ is commonly used with the Leslie speaker. Around two million Hammon

    A number of distinctive Hammond organ features are not usually found on other keyboards like the piano or synthesizer. Some are similar to a pipe organ, but others are unique to the instrument.

    The Hammond organ's technology derives from the Telharmonium, an instrument created in 1897 by Thaddeus Cahill. The telharmonium used revolving electric alternators which generated tones that could be transmitted over wires. The instrument was bulky enough to require several railway cars for its transportation, because the alternators had to be large enough to generate high voltage for a loud enough signal. The Hammond organ solved this problem by using an amplifier. Laurens Hammond graduated fr

    The authorized loudspeaker enclosure to use with a console organ was the Hammond Tone Cabinet, which housed an external amplifier and speaker in a cabinet. The cabinet carried a balanced mono signal along with the necessary mains power directly from the organ, using a six-pin cab

    Although they are sometimes included in the category of electronic organs, the majority of Hammond organs are, strictly speaking, electric or electromechanical rather than electronic organs, because the sound is produced by moving parts rather than electronic oscillators. The basic component sound of a Hammond organ comes from a tonewheel. Each one rotates in front of an electromagnetic pickup. The variation in the magnetic field induces a small alternating current at a particular frequency, whi

    The original Hammond organ was never designed to be transported regularly. A Hammond B-3 organ, bench, and pedalboard weighs 425 pounds. This weight, combined with that of a Leslie speaker, makes the instrument cumbersome and difficult to move between venues. This created a demand for a more portable and reliable way of generating the same sound. Electronic and digital keyboards that imitate the sound of the Hammond are referred to as "clonewheel organs". The first attempts to electronically cop

    • 1935–1975 (tonewheel models), 1967–1985 (transistor models), 1986–present (digital models)
    • $1,193 (Model A, 1935), $2,745 (Model B-3, 1954)
  9. List of Hammond organs - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Hammond_organs

    The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935. Various models were produced, which originally used tonewheels to generate sound via additive synthesis, where component waveform ratios are mixed by sliding switches called drawbars and imitate the pipe organ's registers.

    Model Name / Number
    Years produced
    Description
    A
    1935–1938
    The first Hammond in production. Two 61-note manuals, 25-note pedalboard, 2 x 9 drawbars per manual, 2 pedal drawbars, 9 presets per manual, a tremolo effect generator ("tremulant").
    A-100
    1959–1965
    A B-3 / C-3's internals in an integrated package with power amp and speakers
    B-A
    1938
    Model B-C style organ with built-in player organ mechanism (possibly Duo-Art), custom built by Aeolian-Skinner.
    B-C
    1936–1942
    The first organ produced in the deeper Model B cabinet, to accommodate the chorus generator
  10. Offal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offal

    Offal (/ ˈ ɒ f əl /), also called variety meats, pluck or organ meats, is the organ of a butchered animal.As an English mass noun, the term "offal" has no plural form.The word does not refer to a particular list of edible organs, which varies by culture and region, but usually excludes muscle.

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