The Pacific Ocean was born 750 million years ago at the breakup of Rodinia, although it is generally called the Panthalassa until the breakup of Pangea, about 200 million years ago. The oldest Pacific Ocean floor is only around 180 Ma old, with older crust subducted by now. Seamount chains
The Pacific Ocean is the body of water between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east, the Southern Ocean to the south, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. It is the largest named ocean and it covers one-third of the surface of the entire world.
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An ocean is a body of water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere. On Earth, an ocean is one of the major conventional divisions of the World Ocean.These are, in descending order by area, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern (Antarctic), and Arctic Oceans.
- Spanish and Portuguese Exploration
- Dutch Exploration
- British Exploration
In 1513 Vasco Nuñez de Balboa's (1475–1519) expedition left the Caribbean side of the Isthmus of Panama and crossed westward to the Pacific Ocean side, becoming the first Europeans to see the Great South Sea. In 1520 three ships commanded by Ferdinand Magellan (1480?–1521) sailed out of the stormy passage of the strait at the southern tip of South America into the Pacific Ocean and named it the peaceful, calm, quiet ocean. Magellan's voyage through the strait took three months and twenty days...
Dutch explorers also looked for profit in the Pacific. In 1598 five ships left Holland for the Pacific by way of the Strait of Magellan. The Portuguese and Spanish each captured a ship, the Japanese sacked another, and one was lost at sea. Only the ship Faith survived, returning to the Low Countries in 1600. Of the 491 original crew members, only 36 returned home. These losses were often expected when early modern Europeans sailed into the Pacific Ocean. In 1616 the Dutch ship Eendracht, comm...
British explorations in the eighteenth century were reanimated by the spectacular success of George Anson (1697–1762) in 1742. When Anson captured another Manila galleon, the reported booty in silver amounted to 400,000 pounds sterling. Afterward the Royal Navy commissioned John Byron (1723–1786) with two ships to discover islands for British possession in the South Seas. In 1765 Byron sailed into the Pacific Ocean and declared that two northern Tuamotu Islands and Pukapuka in the northern Co...
Finney, Ben. \\"The Other One-Third of the Globe.\\" Journal of World History 5, no. 2 (1994): 273–297.Hiroa, Te Rangi (Peter H. Buck). Explorers of the Pacific: European and American Discoveries in Polynesia. Honolulu, 1953.Spate, O. H. K. Monopolists and Freebooters. Minneapolis, 1983.——. Paradise Found and Lost. Minneapolis, 1988.——. The Spanish Lake. Minneapolis, 1979.James B. Tueller
The International Date Line around the antimeridian (180° longitude) The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line of demarcation on the surface of Earth that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and demarcates the boundary between one calendar day and the next. It passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean, roughly following the 180° line of longitude but deviating to ...
An ocean is a large area of water between continents. Oceans are very big and they join smaller seas together. Oceans cover 72% of our planet. It covers 1/3 of the Earth's surface.There are five main oceans together.They are: 1.Pacific Ocean 2.Atlantic Ocean 3.Indian Ocean 4. Southern Ocean 5. Arctic Ocean The largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean.The smallest ocean is Arctic ocean. Big and small fish of different types live in oceans, like: Crabs, starfish, sharks, whales, dolphins etc. Different
The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is located in the western Pacific Ocean about 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the Mariana Islands; it is the deepest oceanic trench on Earth. It is crescent-shaped and measures about 2,550 km (1,580 mi) in length and 69 km (43 mi) in width.
Pacific Ocean: Coordinates: Coordinates: Area: 2.1 km 2 (0.5 sq mi) Length: 1.81 km (1.125 mi) Width: 1.13 km (0.702 mi) Coastline: 4.8 km (2.98 mi) Highest elevation: 8 m (26 ft)