The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth 's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by the continents of Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.
- 4,280 m (14,040 ft)
- 165,250,000 km² (63,800,000 sq mi)
- 10,911 m (35,797 ft)
- 710,000,000 km³ (170,000,000 cu mi)
A map of the Pacific Ocean. It is ringed by many volcanoesand oceanic trenches. The Pacific Oceanis the body of waterbetween Asiaand Australiain the west, the Americasin the east, the Southern Oceanto the south, and the Arctic Oceanto the north. It is the largest named oceanand it covers one-third of the surface of the entire world.
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Pages in category "Pacific Ocean" The following 83 pages are in this category, out of 83 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
The ocean is the habitat of 230,000 known species, but because much of it is unexplored, the number of species in the ocean is much larger, possibly over two million. The origin of Earth's oceans is unknown; oceans are thought to have formed in the Hadean eon and may have been the cause for the emergence of life .
- Spanish and Portuguese Exploration
- Dutch Exploration
- British Exploration
In 1513 Vasco Nuñez de Balboa's (1475–1519) expedition left the Caribbean side of the Isthmus of Panama and crossed westward to the Pacific Ocean side, becoming the first Europeans to see the Great South Sea. In 1520 three ships commanded by Ferdinand Magellan (1480?–1521) sailed out of the stormy passage of the strait at the southern tip of South America into the Pacific Ocean and named it the peaceful, calm, quiet ocean. Magellan's voyage through the strait took three months and twenty days...
Dutch explorers also looked for profit in the Pacific. In 1598 five ships left Holland for the Pacific by way of the Strait of Magellan. The Portuguese and Spanish each captured a ship, the Japanese sacked another, and one was lost at sea. Only the ship Faith survived, returning to the Low Countries in 1600. Of the 491 original crew members, only 36 returned home. These losses were often expected when early modern Europeans sailed into the Pacific Ocean. In 1616 the Dutch ship Eendracht, comm...
British explorations in the eighteenth century were reanimated by the spectacular success of George Anson (1697–1762) in 1742. When Anson captured another Manila galleon, the reported booty in silver amounted to 400,000 pounds sterling. Afterward the Royal Navy commissioned John Byron (1723–1786) with two ships to discover islands for British possession in the South Seas. In 1765 Byron sailed into the Pacific Ocean and declared that two northern Tuamotu Islands and Pukapuka in the northern Co...
Finney, Ben. \\"The Other One-Third of the Globe.\\" Journal of World History 5, no. 2 (1994): 273–297.Hiroa, Te Rangi (Peter H. Buck). Explorers of the Pacific: European and American Discoveries in Polynesia. Honolulu, 1953.Spate, O. H. K. Monopolists and Freebooters. Minneapolis, 1983.——. Paradise Found and Lost. Minneapolis, 1988.——. The Spanish Lake. Minneapolis, 1979.James B. Tueller
The deepest point in the ocean is the Mariana Trench, located in the Pacific Ocean near the Northern Mariana Islands. Its maximum depth has been estimated to be 10,971 meters (35,994 ft) (plus or minus 11 meters; see the Mariana Trench article for discussion of the various estimates of the maximum depth.)
Arctic Ocean The largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean. The smallest ocean is the Arctic Ocean. Many types of animals live in oceans, such as carp, crabs, starfish, sharks, and whales. Different water movements separate the Southern Ocean from the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Pacific Ocean Park was a 28-acre (11-hectare), nautical-themed amusement park built on a pier at Pier Avenue in the Ocean Park section of Santa Monica, California. Intended to compete with Disneyland, it replaced Ocean Park Pier (1926-1956). After it closed and fell into disrepair, the park and pier anchored the Dogtown area of Santa Monica.
The Pacific Ocean stretches from the shores of Antarctica to the Bering Strait through 135° of latitude, some 9,600 miles (15,500 km). Its greatest longitudinal extent measures some 12,000 miles (19,300 km) along latitude 5° N, between the coasts of Colombia in South America and the Malay Peninsula in Asia.