www.dictionary.com/browse/palestinian-authority#:~:text=Palestinian Authority. A legal entity, established in 1994,,West Bank that are not attached to Israel.
- Palestinian Authority. A legal entity, established in 1994, by which Palestinians govern the parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank that are not attached to Israel.
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Palestinian Authority, governing body of autonomous Palestinian regions established in 1994 as part of the Oslo Accords peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). It has since sought independent statehood through either cooperative efforts with Israel or unilateral efforts.
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The Palestinian Authority was created by the Gaza–Jericho Agreement, pursuant to the 1993 Oslo Accords.The Gaza–Jericho Agreement was signed on 4 May 1994 and included Israeli withdrawal from the Jericho area and partially from the Gaza Strip, and detailed the creation of the Palestinian Authority and the Palestinian Civil Police Force.
Palestinian Authority (PA) or Palestinian National Authority, interim self-government body responsible for areas of the West Bank West Bank, territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
- The Al-Aqsa Intifada and Aftermath
- Abbas Takes Control
- Developments from 2014-18
- Payments to Prisoners and Martyrs
- The PA Rejects West Bank Division
The Palestinian Authority (also called the Palestinian National Authority) is the semi-official, self-governing Palestinian body established in May 1994 in accordance with the Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on behalf of the Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO). On its establishment the PA governed most of the Gaza Strip and the town of Jericho in the Jordan Valley, representing the first step in the implementation of the interim arrangements for Israeli withdrawal (“redeployment”) from territories in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. This process was to culminate in “permanent status talks” to begin in May 1996 on all major issues in dispute between the two parties (settlements, Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, and the final status of the PA and its territory). The DOPagreement stipulated that the transfer of responsibilities to the PA would be completed within five years and would include education and culture, health, social welfare, direct taxation, and tourism. It was also a...
On January 20, 1996, the first elections to the Palestine Legislative Council (PLC) and PA presidency took place under international supervision. Many participated – approximately 88 percent of eligible voters in Gaza and 70 percent in the West Bank. Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem also participated in the elections, though in a much lower proportion. The Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas)officially boycotted the elections. In practice, however, the movement encouraged its adherents to cast their votes in favor of independent candidates – identified as Islamists – winning five seats in the PLC. As expected, the Fatah list – shaped and backed by Arafat – won 49 of the total 88 seats in the PLC (more than 55 percent). In addition, other independent Fatah candidates were elected, giving the movement 75 percent of the Council’s seats. Political opposition to the PA remained in disarray, having negligible impact, except for Hamas. The opposition, whose leaders and sources of pol...
In view of the failure of the Camp David summit and subsequent American mediation efforts to bring about an agreed-upon Framework Agreement for Permanent Status, the growing Palestinian frustration culminated in the eruption of the al-Aqsa Intifada in late September 2000. Though some falsely blamed the riots on the visit of Ariel Sharon to the Temple Mount, the continued violence and its encouragement by Arafat pointed to the underlying causes, namely, frustration over the stalemated Oslo process and over the PA’s conduct as a governing institution. After the outbreak of the violence dozens of representatives of the multi-factional Intifada leadership met with Arafat and urged him to declare war against corruption. The demand to stop the embezzlement of funds led to the assassination of the head of the PA’s broadcasting service, allegedly on grounds of transferring funds to his personal account. The perpetrators, identified with Fatah’s armed branch (Tanzim), were never prosecuted....
To enhance his authority without too much loss of legitimacy and to buy time until he could rebuild the PA’s security forces, Abbas decided to hold presidential elections first and postpone legislative elections until later. His strategy seemed to be successful when the young guard leader of Fatah, Marwan Barghouti, first decided from an Israeli jail to contest the presidency and then withdrew under public pressure, allowing Abbas to win nearly 80 percent of the vote in the electionsof January 9, 2005. After the elections, however, Abbas, a senior bureaucratic official without any “fighting” past, seemed to lose the opportunity to assert his authority; besides forcing some aging and ineffective senior security personnel to retire, Abbas did very little to get security personnel to act. Though they abounded on the payroll (an estimated 50,000 received salaries, they were not willing to restore law and order in Gaza, which, after total Israeli withdrawalin the summer of 2005 became th...
On December 31, 2014, the Palestinian Authority released a document showing that they had accepted Article 12 Paragraph 3 of the Rome Statute, and were officially accepting the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Courtto conduct investigations into alleged war crimes committed by Israel since June 13, 2014. Israel responded by freezing $127 million in Palestinian tax revenues it had collected. Israeli legal organization Shurat HaDin filed war crimes lawsuits on January 5, 2015, against three heads of the Palestinian Authority – Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah, Minister Jibril Rajoub, and Palestinian Authority intelligence chief Majed Faraj. The lawsuit claimed that during Operation Protective Edge, Fatah members and officials “openly boasted in Facebook pages and other media channels that it launched projectiles that caused the injury and death of Israeli civilians.” The war crimes accusations brought against the Palestinian Authority officials also detail the torture and murde...
The Palestinian Authority’s 2018 budget allocated $360 million for the Prisoners and Martyrs fund, which pays out handsome salaries to convicted terrorists and their families. During their meeting in Bethlehem on May 23, 2017, President Donald Trump angrily accused Mahmoud Abbas of lying to him at their May 3 meeting in Washington, D.C., when the Palestinian Authority president insisted that the PA did not engage in incitement against Israelis and Jews. Trump was also furious about the PA’s “pay-for-slay“ policy of providing salaries to convicted Palestinian terrorists in Israeli prisons and reiterated the demand he had made at the White House for Abbas to end the practice. On June 13, 2017, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson told senators that pressure from the president led the PA to change its policy. Palestinian officials, however, quickly denied Tillerson’s claim. “There is no end to the payments” of Palestinian prisoners, declared Issa Karake, head of the Palestinian Committeeof...
In late August 2019, the PA announced it would no longer recognize the division of the West Bank into Area A, B and C as specified in the Oslo Accords and would regard the entire West Bank as sovereign Palestinian territories. Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved. G.E. Robinson, Building a Palestinian State, the Unfinished Revolution (1997); H. Frisch, "The Palestinian Strategic Debate over the Intifada," in: Terrorism and Political Violence, 15:2 (Summer 2003), 1–20; A. Jamal, Media Politics And Democracy In Palestine: Political Culture, Pluralism, and the Palestinian Authority (2005); H. Frisch, Countdown to Statehood: Palestinian State Formation in the West Bank and Gaza (1998); "Jews, Israel and Peace in the Palestinian Authority Textbooks: The New Textbooks for Grade 4 and 9," compiled and translated by Arnon Groiss (2004); B.M. Rubin, Barry and J.C. Rubin, Yasir Arafat: A Political Biography (2005); "A Performance-Based Road Map to a Perma...
Palestine Authority synonyms, Palestine Authority pronunciation, Palestine Authority translation, English dictionary definition of Palestine Authority. Noun 1. Palestine Authority - combines the Gaza Strip and the West Bank under a political unit with limited autonomy and a police force; created in 1993 by...
Palestinian definition, a native or inhabitant of Palestine. See more.
Palestinian Authority. President Mahmoud Abbas Site. Palestine Liberation Organization . The Office of the Prime Minister of Palestine . Ministry of Education.