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  1. Fatah–Hamas conflict - Wikipedia › wiki › Fatah–Hamas_conflict

    Overview. Hamas was founded in 1987, soon after the First Intifada broke out, as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. It is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamist fundamentalist organization, which is regarded, either in whole or in part, as a terrorist organization by several countries and international organizations, most notably by Israel, the United States and the European Union.

    • 25 January 2006 – present, (main phase in 2007)
    • Reconciliation process:, Hamas takeover of the Gaza Strip, New Palestinian Government in the West Bank, appointed by Mahmoud Abbas, Reconciliation agreement signed May 2011, Doha agreement signed 2012, Renewed political crisis in March–April 2012, Strong increase of tensions in 2013, Hamas and Fatah sign reconciliation deal in April 2014, Unity government sworn in in June 2014, Implementation of unity government control in Gaza due date
  2. Israel strikes Hamas following election day attack - Al ... › originals › 2021

    Apr 07, 2021 · The Palestinian Authority’s WAFA news agency reported that Israeli F-16 jets fired five missiles at one site and two at another in Gaza. Both sites were destroyed and the strikes caused damage to other structures nearby. The agency did not identify the targets. The attack followed a rocket being fired from Gaza on Tuesday. The rocket landed ...

  3. Jul 22, 2014 · In addition to receiving close to half the budget of the Palestinian Authority, the economic aid the Hamas government received from international actors, including European countries, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates, has helped it channel significant resources to its military buildup and the construction of the attack tunnels.

  4. Palestinian Islamic Jihad is smaller than Hamas, but boasts ... › palestinian-islamic-jihad

    Palestinian members of the Al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of the Islamic Jihad terrorist group, parade with a replica rocket on a truck during a march to show loyalty for the Iranian-backed ...

  5. Iran, Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad | Wilson Center › article › iran-hamas-and
    • Hamas
    • Palestinian Islamic Jihad
    • Relations Between Hamas and Pij

    Overview and Ideology Hamas has two primary divisions. The political wing governs Gaza and provides social services. The military wing—the Izz ad-Din al Qassam Brigades, named after a Muslim preacher in British-occupied Palestine in the 1930s—targets Israel with rockets, suicide bomb attacks, and cross-border raids. In October 1997, the United States designatedHamas as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. Relationship with Iran Iran provides Hamas with financial aid, weapons and training. Their relations converged after the 1990 Gulf War and the U.S.-orchestrated Madrid Peace Conference, which was organized to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. In 1992, at a conference in Tehran, Iran reportedly vowed to give Hamas $30 million annually and provide military training. Hamas later opened an office in Tehran. Ties deepened in 1992 after Israel deported hundreds of Palestinians, including Hamas leaders, to Lebanon. While in Lebanon, Hamas received military training from Hezbollah...

    Overview and Ideology PIJ, or Harakat al Jihad al Islam fi Filistin, is an Islamist militant group originally established in 1979 in Egypt as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood. The group was foundedby two Palestinian members of the Brotherhood, Fathi Shikaki and Abd al Aziz Awda (also spelled Odah), who were studying in Egypt at the time. Early members believed that the Brotherhood was too moderate and was not adequately committed to the Palestinian cause. Since the early 1990s, PIJ’s military wing, the al Quds brigades, has been responsible for dozens of suicide bombings against Israeli targets. One of its the most infamous was in 1995, when members targeted Israel Defense Forces soldiers and, in a second attack, the emergency services’ personnel who responded, killing 22 Israelis. The same year, Shikaki was assassinated in Malta, reportedly by Mossad. He was replaced by one of his deputies, Ramadan Shallah. In October 1997, the United States designatedPIJ as a Foreign Terroris...

    Both groups emerged from the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. They sharethe goal of destroying Israel and replacing it with a Palestinian state ruled by an Islamic government. Unlike Hamas, however, PIJ refuses to negotiate or engage in diplomacy. PIJ prioritizes militant activity, while Hamas is a political party, provides social services and has a military wing. PIJ and Hamas have both competed and cooperated. The movements vied in the late 1980s and early 1990s, mainly over ideological differences. PIJ identifies with the Iranian concept of waliyat al faqih, which entrusts governance to clerics led by a supreme jurisprudent. Hamas rejects this notion. After the 1993 Oslo Accords, the two movements set apart many of their differences and joined the Damascus-based Alliance of Palestinian Forces. In 1994-95, tensions broke out when PIJ experimented with offering social welfare services in competition with Hamas. Disputes between the movements were mild, however, and cooperation continue...

  6. Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel - Wikipedia › wiki › Palestinian_rocket_attacks

    Since 2001, Palestinian militants have launched thousands of rocket and mortar attacks on Israel from the Gaza Strip as part of the continuing Arab–Israeli conflict.The attacks, widely condemned for targeting civilians, have been described as terrorism by the United Nations, the European Union, and Israeli officials, and are defined as war crimes by human rights groups Amnesty International ...

  7. Iran in shadow of peace deal: Missile fire on Israel from ... › middle-east › iran-in-the-shadow-of

    Sep 16, 2020 · Iran in shadow of peace deal: Missile fire on Israel from Gaza - analysis Iran backs Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad in Gaza and coordinates closely with them.

  8. Israeli cyber company uncovers Hamas campaign against ... › Arab-Israeli-Conflict › gaza-news

    A series of Hamas-sponsored cyberattacks targeting officials in the Palestinian Authority ... attack, Iran launched 13 ballistic missiles ... authority carried out mass arrests of Hamas members in ...

  9. Palestinian Attitudes on War in Iraq › palestinian

    Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.

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