Le club de football du Paris Saint-Germain, qui est l'un des clubs les plus riches et médiatisés du monde, et celui de rugby à XV du Stade français sont basés à Paris. Le Stade de France , enceinte de 80 000 places construite pour la Coupe du monde de football 1998 , est situé au nord de la capitale, dans la commune voisine de Saint-Denis .
Paris ( French pronunciation: [paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents as of 2018. [update] , in an area of more than 105 square kilometres (41 square miles). Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce ...
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Julius Caesar conquered the Celtic "Parisii" tribe in 51 BC. The Romans called the place Lutetia of the Parisii, or "Lutetia Parisiorum". The place got a shorter name, "Paris", in 212 AD. As the Roman Empire began to fall apart in the West, the Germanic tribe called the Franks moved in, taking it in 464. In 506, their king Clovis I made it his capital. Charlemagne moved his capital to Aachen in Germany, but Paris continued as an important town and was attacked by the Vikings twice. When Hugh Capetbecame king of France in 987, he again made Paris his capital. For a long time, the kings only controlled Paris and the surrounding area, as much of the rest of France was in the hands of barons or English. During the Hundred Years' War, the English controlled Paris from 1420 to 1437. During the Protestant Reformation, a huge massacre of French Protestants started there in 1572, called the Saint Bartholomew Day Massacre. Paris saw many other troubles over the years of the "Ancien Régime" (O...
Paris has an oceanic climate in the Köppen climate classification. It has warm summers and cold winters, and rainfall year-round.
Paris has much to offer for sightseeing. Here are five very famous examples: 1. The Eiffel Tower is the most famous sight in Paris, built by Gustave Eiffel in 1889 with 6,300 tonnes (13,900,000 pounds) of iron — that means 18,000 pieces of iron and 2.5 million rivets. With a height of 300 meters, for a long time it was the highest tower in the world. Over 6 million people visit it every year. There are three levels that you can visit, and the highest one is 2nd above the ground. It was made for a fair, but the French governmentwanted to tear it down. With rising popularity, it stayed. 2. The Louvre is a museum with very famous, old works of art, such as the Mona Lisa and the Venus de Milo. The building was built as a house for French kings. The Louvre is the third biggest museum in the world, with 60,000 square metres (650,000 square feet) of show room.It is the most visited art museum in the world with over 5 million people visit it each year. 3. The Musée d'Orsaywas a train statio...
Because the city of Paris is roughly only 6 miles across, visitors have a wide range of options when it comes to transportation. While much of the more well-known attractions are in the center of the city and are best experienced by walking, there are many destinations that require other means of transport. While taxis offer a fast and relatively inexpensive means of travel, Paris’ public transportation system offers an enjoyable, stress-free way to explore the city. The Paris Métro system was built in 1900 by engineer Fulgence Bienvenüe and architect Hector Guimard. The Métro covers over 124 miles with 300 stationsand 16 lines. Servicing over 6 million residents and tourists every day, the Métro was designed to be an efficient and reliable alternative to the congestion of traffic. Every building in Paris is less than 500 meters from a train station, so accessibility is never a problem. The 16 Métro lines are identified by their final destinations. A rider can simply select the appr...1900 – The 2nd Summer Olympic Gamestook place in Paris.1924 – The 8th Summer Olympic Gamestook place in Paris.1998 – The FIFA World Cup2024 – The 33rd Summer Olympic Gameswill take place in Paris.This city at the Historical Association for Joan of Arc Studies[permanent dead link]
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Stade Français was established in 1883 by a group of students in Paris. On 20 March 1892 the USFSA organised the first ever French rugby union championship, a one-off game between Racing Club de France and Stade Français. The game was refereed by Pierre de Coubertinand saw Racing win 4–3. However the club were able to make up for the loss the next season when the two teams met again in the final, with Stade Français winning 7 points to 3. The team quickly became a powerful side in the competition, featuring in every championship in succession until 1899, successful in 1894, 1895, 1897 and 1898. From 1899 through to the 1908 season Stade Français would contest the championship final on seven occasions against Stade Bordelais, winning in 1901 and again in 1908. Stade Français also defeated SOE Toulouse in the 1903 season in Toulouse. Following a vast amount of success during the early years of the domestic league, after 1908 Stade Français would not make another final appearance until...
The Max Guazzini era
When he became President, Max Guazzini knew that he had to get people talking about his club for it to develop in a city as anonymous as Paris, with so few rugby fans and so little attachment to any club. Little by little, through savvy media coups highlighting exceptional performance on the pitch, without which nothing would have been possible, the club developed and grew roots. With the understanding that Parisians are reluctant to show loyalty, Max Guazzini first tried a new pricing approa...
The Thomas Savare era
At this time, Thomas Savare, Managing Director of the new shareholder, the Oberthur Fiduciaire group, took over as President of the club, replacing Max Guazzini. He invested 11 million Euros in the club, saying goodbye to Bernard Laporte and choosing the former third row of the Paris club, Richard Pool-Jones, as Vice-President. During the European campaign of the 2012–13 season, Stade Français increased the number of matches it played elsewhere for the European Challenge Cup matches, playing...
The Hans-Peter Wild era
On May 14th, 2017, Thomas Savare announced he had selected the Swiss entrepreneur, Hans-Peter Wild, to take charge of the French capital's club, and handed over the keys. Savare preferred the Swiss businessman's offer to that made by a group of former players and investors. The founder of Capri-Sun, Savare was a big fan of both rugby and Paris, and he announced his desire to remain at the head of the Parisian club in the long term. He is seeking to develop the club both nationally and interna...
In the 1880s, many emerging sports clubs were modelled after English institutions and took on English names (Racing Club, Standard, Sporting, Daring, etc.). The name Stade was chosen by the young students as a reminder of Ancient Greece, for the Stadium (Stade) was where the athletes performed their feats. Français came later. Ironically, it was probably given by British players, against whom the Stadistesplayed early on, to differentiate them from their own Paris associations as rugby was very much an expatriates' game in the late 1880s. In those years, France also lived with the memory of the war lost to Germany in 1871. The patriotic appeal of la revanche (the revenge) is probably behind the choice of the blue, white and red colours of the French national flag, and of the name Stade Français (written with a lower-case "f" in French: Stade français). Blue and red are also the colours of the city of Paris, which has provided support since 1994 (Bertrand Delanoë, mayor of Paris from...
The team's home stadium is Stade Jean-Bouin which has a capacity of 12,000. Guazzini made a decision to take a European quarter final match against Newcastle to the significantly larger Parc des Princes, which is literally across the street from Stade Jean-Bouin. Guazzini booked the national stadium of France, the 80,000 Stade de Francefor a Top 14 fixture against Toulouse. The move was successful, with 79,502 officially turning up for the game, smashing the regular season attendance record in France. At the end of the match, Guazzini announced that he had booked the venue for the Biarritz match – a rematch of the 2004–05 final. Stade Français drew an even larger crowd to the game (79,604), toppling the previous record set that same season. After a period of much speculation, the match was taken to the Stade Charléty, remaining in Paris. On 14 October 2006, the record was broken for the third time in a row (79,619) for a championship tie against Biarritz. Stade Français booked Parc...
Max Guazzini, a media man, wanted to develop the club as a modern business and use marketing methods. He never hesitates when it comes to promoting his club and creating a buzz. As a result, the club has been attracting an equal number of cheers and criticisms. The first objective was to offer a nice show to people who would then become regular paying fans. Guazzini also introduced female cheerleaders, music before kick-off, the sound of bells to mark the end of each half (instead of a more traditional siren), fireworks at the end of evening matches and a radio-controlled car to bring the teeto the kicker when he takes a penalty or a conversion kick. His successful radio station NRJ (he helped develop it when he joined it in 1982, a year after it was founded) was a generous sponsor too. His contacts in show business allowed him to bring superstars Madonna and Naomi Campbell to some games, making them the official club's "godmothers". The club's official anthem was Gloria Gaynor's "I...
Today, Stade Français has no established local rival, although Racing 92 may fill that role if it consolidates its current top-flight status. The "Paris versus the provinces" rhetoric is alive and kicking so that wherever Stade goes, it is met with traditional jeers people in the provinces throw at Parisians. Since its 1990s revival, its traditional foes have thus been all clubs not playing in Paris.
The Stade Français squad for the 2020–21 seasonis: Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WReligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality.
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Sep 14, 2021 · Français : Louis XV sortant du lit de justice tenu au parlement le 12 septembre 1715 from Pierre-Denis Martin (1673-1742) Français : Prise de la Bastille (1789) from Charles Thévenin (1793) Français : Fête de la Fédération (1790) from Charles Thévenin
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Walt Disney announced a €1 billion ($1.25 billion) bailout plan to rescue its subsidiary Disneyland Paris, the Financial Times reported on 6 October 2014.The park is burdened by its debt, which is calculated at about €1.75 billion ($2.20 billion) and roughly 15 times its gross average earnings. Until June 2017, Disney only held a minority stake in the resort, when they bought the remaining shares. In 2017, The Walt Disney Company offered an informal takeover of Euro Disney S.C.A., buying 9% of the company from Kingdom Holding and an open offer of 2 euros per share for the remaining stock. This brought The Walt Disney Company's total ownership to 85.7%. The Walt Disney company will also invest an additional 1.5 billion euros to strengthen the company.On 19 June 2017 Disney completed a tender offer to own over 97% of Euro Disney and then implemented a full buyout of the shares they didn't already own.
Seeking a location for a European resort
Following the success of Disneyland in California, top to the plans to build a similar theme park in Europe emerged in 1966 with sites in Frankfurt, Paris, London or Milan under consideration. Under the leadership of E. Cardon Walker, Tokyo Disneylandopened in 1983 in Japan with instant success, forming a catalyst for international expansion. In late 1984 the heads of Disney's theme park division, Dick Nunis and Jim Cora, presented a list of approximately 1,200 possible European locations for...
Design and construction
In order to provide lodging to patrons, it was decided that 5,200 Disney-owned hotel rooms would be built within the complex. In March 1988, Disney and a council of architects (Frank Gehry, Michael Graves, Robert A.M. Stern, Stanley Tigerman, and Robert Venturi) decided on an exclusively American theme in which each hotel would depict a region of the United States. At the time of the opening in April 1992, seven hotels collectively housing 5,800rooms had been built. An entertainment, shopping...
Unlike Disney's American theme parks, Euro Disney aimed for permanent employees (an estimated requirement of 12,000 for the theme park itself), as opposed to seasonal and temporary part-time employees. Casting centres were set up in Paris, London, and Amsterdam. However, it was understood by the French government and Disney that "a concentrated effort would be made to tap into the local French labour market". Disney sought workers with sufficient communication skills, who spoke two European l...1992: Euro Disney Resort (1992) (VHS)1997: The Magic Of A Successful Stay 5th Anniversary (1997) (VHS)2001: Disneyland Paris (Disney Toon Circus and Disneyland Paris) (2001) (TV)
Disneyland Paris and its properties have been subject to a number of name changes, initially an effort to overcome the negative publicity that followed the inception of the Euro Disney Resort. 1. 12 April 1992 – 31 May 1994: Euro Disney Resort 2. 1 June – 30 September 1994: Euro Disneyland Paris 3. 1 October 1994 – 15 March 2002, 4 April 2009–present: Disneyland Paris 4. 16 March 2002 – 3 April 2009: Disneyland Resort Paris1st Anniversary (12 April 1993 – 1994)5th Anniversary (12 April 1997 – 1998)10th Anniversary (12 April 2002 – 2003)12th anniversary (12 April 2004 – 2005)1st Anniversary (1993–1994)5th Anniversary (1997–1998)10th Anniversary (2002–2003)12th anniversary (2004–2005)
Walt Disney's 100 Years of Magic(2001) (TV: Disneyland Paris (Disney Toon Circus and Disneyland Paris) (2001) (TV))
Disneyland Paris contains 2 theme parks, 8 resort hotels, 7 associated hotels, a golf course, a high-speed rail station, a large outlet centre (la vallée village), and a large shopping mall: Val d'Europe.
For a list of incidents that occurred at Disneyland Paris see: List of incidents at Disneyland Paris.
The majority of European VHS releases of The Little Mermaidin 1991, came at the end with an early teaser for the park.