- An HTML Document is mainly divided into two parts: HEAD: This contains the information about the HTML document. For Example, Title of the page, version of HTML, Meta Data etc. BODY: This contains everything you want to display on the Web Page.
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Which is the second element in a HTML document?
The <body> element defines the document's body. It has a start tag <body> and an end tag </body>. Then, inside the <body> element there are two other elements: <h1> and <p>: <h1> My First Heading </h1>. <p> My first paragraph. </p>. The <h1> element defines a heading. It has a start tag <h1> and an end tag </h1>:
Code sample<!DOCTYPE html><html><body><h1>My First Heading</h1><p>My first paragraph.</p>...
The HTML document itself begins with <html> and ends with </html>. The visible part of the HTML document is between <body> and </body>. Example. <!DOCTYPE html>. <html>. <body>. <h1> My First Heading </h1>. <p> My first paragraph. </p>. </body>.
Jul 30, 2021 · Structure of an HTML Document. An HTML Document is mainly divided into two parts: HEAD: This contains the information about the HTML document. For Example, Title of the page, version of HTML, Meta Data etc. BODY: This contains everything you want to display on the Web Page. HTML Document Structure.
The <style> HTML element contains style information for a document, or part of a document. It contains CSS, which is applied to the contents of the document containing the <style> element. <title> The <title> HTML element defines the document's title that is shown in a Browser's title bar or a page's tab. It only contains text; tags within the element are ignored.
- Elements and Tags
- Special Characters
- A Complete Html 4 Document
- Validating Your Html
Elements are the structures that describe parts of an HTML document. For example, the P element represents a paragraph while the EM element gives emphasizedcontent. An element has three parts: a start tag, content, and an end tag. A tag is special text--"markup"--that is delimited by "<" and ">". An end tag includes a "/" after the "<". For example, the EM element has a start tag, , and an end tag, . The start and end tags surround the content of the EMelement: This is emphasized text Element names are always case-insensitive, so , , and are all the same. Elements cannot overlap each other. If the start tag for an EM element appears within a P, the EM's end tag must also appear within the same Pelement. Some elements allow the start or end tag to be omitted. For example, the LI end tag is always optional since the element's end is implied by the next LIelement or by the end of the list: Some elements have no end tag because they have no content. These e...
An element's attributes define various properties for the element. For example, the IMG element takes a SRC attribute to provide the location of the image and an ALTattribute to give alternate text for those not loading images: An attribute is included in the start tag only--never the end tag--and takes the form Attribute-name="Attribute-value". The attribute value is delimited by single or double quotes. The quotes are optional if the attribute value consists solely of letters in the range A-Z and a-z, digits (0-9), hyphens ("-"), periods ("."), underscores ("_"), and colons (":"). Attribute names are case-insensitive, but attribute values may be case-sensitive.
Certain characters in HTML are reserved for use as markup and must be escaped to appear literally. The "<" character may be represented with an entity, <. Similarly, ">" is escaped as >, and "&" is escaped as &. If an attribute value contains a double quotation mark and is delimited by double quotation marks, then the quote should be escaped as ". Other entities exist for special characters that cannot easily be entered with some keyboards. For example, the copyright symbol ("©") may be represented with the entity ©. See the Entitiessection for a complete list of HTML 4 entities. As an alternative to entities, authors may also use numeric character references. Any character may be represented by a numeric character reference based on its "code position" in Unicode. For example, one could use © for the copyright symbol or اfor the Arabic letter alef.
Comments in HTML have a complicated syntax that can be simplified by following this rule: Begin a comment with "", and do not use "--" within the comment.
An HTML 4 document begins with a DOCTYPE declaration that declares the version of HTML to which the document conforms. The HTML element follows and contains the HEAD and BODY. The HEAD contains information about the document, such as its title and keywords, while the BODY contains the actual content of the document, made up of block-level elements and inline elements. A basic HTML 4 document takes on the following form: In a Frameset document, the FRAMESET element replaces the BODYelement.
Each HTML document should be validated to check for errors such as missing quotation marks (