Peleus was the son of Aeacus, king of the island of Aegina, and Endeïs, the oread of Mount Pelion in Thessaly. He married the sea-nymph Thetis with whom he fathered Achilles . Peleus and his brother Telamon were friends of Heracles, and served in Heracles' expedition against the Amazons, his war against King Laomedon, and his quest for the ...
Dec 30, 2019 · Peleus. A Greek hero, son of Aeacus and Endeïs, brother of Telamon, and father of Achilles. A rare surname.
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Péleus ( starogr. Πηλεύς – Péleus, lat. Peleus) je v gréckej mytológii syn aigínskeho kráľa Aiaka a jeho manželky Endéidy. Bol fthíjsky kráľ. Péleus sa preslávil mnohými hrdinskými činmi, ale aj činmi, za ktoré musel pykať. Ale slávnym sa stal najmä tým, že bol otcom najväčšieho hrdinu trójskej vojny Achillea .
Saint Peleus was an early Christian martyr. An Egyptian bishop, Peleus was one of four Christians who led Mass for the persecuted Christians condemned to work in the Palestinian quarries in the wake of the Diocletianic Persecution.
- Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox Church
- Life Myth
- Marriage to Thetis
- Peleus' Son Achilles
- Peleus in Hero-Cult
- Peleus in Athenian Tragedy
Peleus and his brother Telamon killed their half-brother Phocus, perhaps in a hunting accident and certainly in an unthinking moment, and fled Aegina to escape punishment. In Phthia, Peleus was purified by Eurytion and married Antigone, Eurytion's daughter, by whom he had a daughter, Polydora. Eurytion received the barest mention among the Argonauts, where Peleus and Telamon were also present, "yet not together, nor from one place, for they dwelt far apart and distant from Aigina;" but Peleus accidentally killed Eurytion during the hunt for the Calydonian Boarand fled from Phthia. Peleus was purified of the murder of Eurytion in Iolcus by Acastus. Astydameia, Acastus' wife, fell in love with Peleus but he scorned her. Bitter, she sent a messenger to Antigone to tell her that Peleus was to marry Acastus' daughter. As a result, Antigone hanged herself. Astydameia then told Acastus that Peleus had tried to rape her. Acastus took Peleus on a hunting trip and hid his sword then abandoned...
After Antigone's death, Peleus married the sea-nymph Thetis. He was able to win her with the aid of Proteus, who told Peleus how to overcome Thetis' ability to change her form. Their wedding feast was attended by many of the Olympian gods. As a wedding present, Poseidon gave Peleus two immortal horses: Balius and Xanthus. During the feast, Eris produced the Apple of Discord, which started the quarrel that led to the Judgement of Paris and eventually to the Trojan War. The marriage of Peleus and Thetis produced a son, Achilles.
Thetis attempted to render her son Achilles invulnerable. In a familiar version, she dipped him in the River Styx, holding him by one heel, which remained vulnerable. In an early and less popular version of the story, Thetis anointed the boy in ambrosia and put him on top of a fire to burn away the mortal parts of his body. She was interrupted by Peleus and she abandoned both father and son in a rage, leaving his heel vulnerable. A nearly identical story is told by Plutarch, in his On Isis and Osiris, of the goddess Isis burning away the mortality of Prince Maneros of Byblos, son of Queen Astarte, and being likewise interrupted before completing the process. Peleus gave Achilles to the centaur Chiron, to raise on Mount Pelion, which took its name from Peleus. In the Iliad, Achilles uses Peleus' immortal horses and also wields his father's spear.
Though the tomb of Aeacus remained in a shrine enclosure in the most conspicuous part of the port city, a quadrangular enclosure of white marble sculpted with bas-reliefs, in the form in which Pausanias saw it, with the tumulus of Phocus nearby, there was no temenos of Peleus at Aegina. Two versions of Peleus' fate account for this; in Euripides' Troades, Acastus, son of Pelias, has exiled him from Phthia; and subsequently he dies in exile; in another, he is reunited with Thetisand made immortal. In antiquity, according to a fragment of Callimachus' lost Aitia, there was a tomb of Peleus in Ikos (modern Alonissos), an island of the northern Sporades; there Peleus was venerated as "king of the Myrmidons" and the "return of the hero" was celebrated annually.And there was his tomb, according to a poem in the Greek Anthology. The only other reference to veneration of Peleus comes from the Christian Clement of Alexandria, in his polemical Exhortation to the Greeks. Clement attributes his...
A Peleus by Sophocles is lost. He appears as a character in Euripides' tragedy Andromache(c. 425 BCE).Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke I, ix, 16 and III, ix,2 and xii, 6- xiii,7; Epitomevi, 13.Apollonius Rhodius, ArgonauticaIV,805- 879Ovid, MetamorphosesVIII, 299-381.Homer, IliadXVIII, 78-87;
Peleus var i grekisk mytologi myrmidonernas kung samt far till Akilles och make till nymfen Thetis. Enligt en spådom skulle Thetis son bli en ännu större hjälte än hans fader varit. Zeus valde då Peleus till att äkta henne och snart föddes Akilles. På bröllopet närvarade alla Olympens gudar utom gudinnan Eris som inte blivit bjuden.
SS Peleus was a steam merchant ship built in 1928 by William Gray & Company of West Hartlepool.Originally named Egglestone, she was acquired by E. E. Hadjilias, Syros and renamed after Pēleús (Greek: Πηλεύς), the mythical King of Aegina, and father of Achilles.
Peleus synonyms, Peleus pronunciation, Peleus translation, English dictionary definition of Peleus. n. Greek Mythology A son of Aeacus and the father of Achilles.
- Birth to Adulthood
- The Silence of Telephus
- King in Mysia
- Wives and Offspring
- Tragic Tradition
Telephus' mother was Auge, the daughter of Aleus, the king of Tegea, a city in Arcadia, in the Peloponnese of mainland Greece. His father was Heracles, who had seduced or raped Auge, a priestess of Athena. When Aleus found out, he tried to dispose of mother and child, but eventually both ended up in Asia Minor at the court of Teuthras, king of Mysia, where Telephus is adopted as the childless king's heir. There were three versions of how Telephus, the son of an Arcadian princess, came to be t...
A surviving fragment of the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women (sixth century BC), representing perhaps the oldest tradition, places Telephus' birth in Mysia. In this telling Telephus' mother Auge had been received at the court of Teuthras in Mysia (possibly at the command of the gods) and raised by him as a daughter. And It is in Mysia that Heracles, while seeking the horses of Laomedon, fathers Telephus. All other surviving sources have Telephus born in Arcadia. The oldest such account (c. 490–480...
Presumably Sophocles' Aleadae (The Sons of Aleus) told how Telephus, while still in Arcadia, prior to going to Mysia in search of his mother, killed Aleus' sons, thereby fulfilling the oracle. Ancient sources confirm the killing, however virtually nothing is known of how this may have come about. The murder of his uncles would have caused Telephus to become religiously polluted, and in need of purification,and apparently, Greek religious practice required criminal homicides to remain silent until their blood-guilt could be expiated. Aristotle in the Poetics, in a reference to Telephus' appearance in a tragedy called Mysians, mentions "the man who came from Tegea to Mysia without speaking". And indeed, the silence of Telephus was apparently "proverbial". The comic poet Alexis writes about a voracious dinner guest who like "Telephus in speechless silence sits, / Making but signs to those who ask him questions", presumably too intent on eating to converse. And another comic poet Amphis...
There is no mention of the battle in Mysia in the Iliad or the Odyssey.However, the Cypria (late seventh century BC?), one of the poems of the Epic Cycle, told the story. According to Proclus' summary of the Cypria, the Greeks mistook Mysia for Troy, Telephus killed Thersander, but was wounded by Achilles. Telephus, guided by an oracle, came to Argos, where Achilles cured him in return for Telephus guiding the Greeks to Troy. Pindar(c. 522–443 BC), knew the story of Telephus' wounding by Achi...
The earliest mention of Telephus, which occurs in Homer's Odyssey (c. eighth century BC), says that Telephus had a son Eurypylus, who died at Troy. Nothing is said there about who Eurypylus' mother was, but all ancient sources that do mention Eurypylus' mother say that she was Astyoche, who was (usually) Priam's sister. Eurypylus led a large force of Mysian to fight on the side of Troy during the final stages of the Trojan War. Eurypylus was a great warrior, and killed many opponents, including Machaon and Nireus, but was finally killed by Achilles' son Neoptolemus. The irony of Achilles' son killing Telephus' son using the same spear that Achilles had used to both wound and heal Telephus, apparently figured in Sophocles' lost play Eurypylus. According to Servius, Eurypylus had a son, Grynus, who became king in Mysia and was known as the eponym of Gryneion and the founder of Pergamon. Three other wives are given for Telephus, with no mention of offspring. According to Hyginus (as me...
Over a hundred entries for Telephus are cataloged in the Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). Most representations associated with Telephus are late, with only a few earlier than the fourth century BC. Early examples include Attic red-figure pottery from as early as c. 510 BC, and East-Ionian engraved gems (c. 480 BC). Scenes showing Telephus suckled by a deer or holding Orestes hostage were particularly popular. Other scenes include either his wounding or his healing by Achilles. The most complete single account of the life of Telephus is depicted in the first-century BC Telephus frieze.
Telephus was a popular tragic hero, whose family history figured in several Greek tragedies. Aristotle writes that "the best tragedies are written about a few families—Alcmaeon for instance and Oedipus and Orestes and Meleager and Thyestes and Telephus." All of these plays about Telephus are now lost. We know of them only through preserved fragments, and the reports of other ancient writers. Each of the three great tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripideswrote multiple plays which featured the story. Aeschylus wrote a play called Mysians which perhaps told the story of Telephus coming to Mysia and seeking purification for having killed his maternal uncles. Aeschylus wrote another play Telephus thought to be a sequel to Mysians, in which Telephus comes to Argos seeking the healing of his wound, and perhaps also included Telephus' seizure of Orestes as hostage. Sophocles probably wrote at least four plays: Aleadae (The Sons of Aleus), Mysians, Telephus, and Eurypylus, involving T...
Telephus was considered to be the mythical founder of Pergamon, as well as the ancestor of the Attalids, Pergamon's ruling dynasty (from 241 BC). As early as a Milesian inscription (after 129 BC), the people of Pergamon were called Telephidai, descendants of Telephus. According to Pausanias, the Pergamon people claimed to be descendants of the Arcadians who had come with Telephus to Mysia.Inscriptions record the association between Pergamon and Tegea, and the most important cult of Pergamon, the cult of Athena, was said to have been brought from Tegea, and established at Pergamon by Auge. Their claimed descent from the hero Telephos, as prominently proclaimed by the Telephus frieze, was used by the Attalids to legitimize their claim to sovereignty, and to establish Pergamon's Greek heritage. Telephus was the object of ritual hero worship at Pergamon. According to Pausanias, the Pergamenessung hymns and made offerings to Telephus.
As noted above, Telephus was the object of cult hero worship at Pergamon. Telephus was also worshipped on Mount Parthenion in Arcadia, and honored at Tegea, where he was shown on the pediment of the Temple of Athena Aleaat Tegea, fighting Achilles.Aelian. On Animals, Volume I: Books 1-5. Translated by A. F. Scholfield. Loeb Classical Library No. 446. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1958. Online version at Harvard Universi...Aeschylus, The Eumenides in Aeschylus, with an English translation by Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D. in two volumes. Vol 2. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Harvard University Press. 1926. Online version at t...Apollodorus, Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press; London, William Heine...Aristophanes, Acharnians, in Acharnians. Knights. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Henderson. Loeb Classical Library No. 178. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998. Online versio...