- Universal Suffrage
- No Property Qualification
- Annual Parliaments
- Equal Representation
- Payment of Members
- Vote by Secret Ballot
When the Charter was written in 1838, only 18 per cent of the adult-male population of Britain could vote (before 1832 just 10 per cent could vote). The Charter proposed that the vote be extended to all adult males over the age of 21, apart from those convicted of a felony or declared insane.
When this document was written, potential members of Parliament needed to own property of a particular value. This prevented the vast majority of the population from standing for election. By removing the requirement of a property qualification, candidates for elections would no longer have to be selected from the upper classes.
A government could retain power as long as there was a majority of support. This made it very difficult to replace of a bad or unpopular government.
The 1832 Reform Act had abolished the worst excesses of 'pocket boroughs'. A pocket borough was a parliamentary constituency owned by a single patron who controlled voting rights and could nominate the two members who were to represent the borough in Parliament. In some of these constituencies as few as six people could elect two members of Parliament. There were still great differences between constituencies, particularly in the industrial north where there were relatively few MPs compared to rural areas. The Chartists proposed the division of the United Kingdom into 300 electoral districts, each containing an equal number of inhabitants, with no more than one representative from each district to sit in Parliament.
MPs were not paid for the job they did. As the vast majority of people required income from their jobs to be able to live, this meant that only people with considerable personal wealth could afford to become MPs. The Charter proposed that MPs were paid an annual salary of £500.
Voting at the time was done in public using a 'show of hands' at the 'hustings' (a temporary, public platform from which candidates for parliament were nominated). Landlords or employers could therefore see how their tenants or employees were voting and could intimidate them and influence their decisions. Voting was not made secret until 1871.
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The movement took its name from this pamphlet, which was drafted predominantly by the cabinet-maker, William Lovett (1800–1877), and was first published by the London Working Men’s Association in May 1838. Unlike Magna Carta, which secured the barons’ liberties, The People’s Charter sought to win liberties for ordinary working men.
At a meeting in 1838 the leaders of the Association drew up a Charter of political demands which gave the group the name ‘Chartists’. The charter sets out the six Chartist demands: universal suffrage, no property qualification, annual parliaments, equal representation, payment of members, vote by ballot.
THE PEOPLE'S CHARTER Below is the complete text of the People's Charter published by the London Working Men's Association. Its principal authors were William Lovett and Francis Place. The Charter was publicly launched at the Great Glasgow Demonstration on May 21st 1838, which Birmingham Chartist John Collins played a major part in bringing about.
Jun 20, 2011 · The People's Charter was not enacted in the 1840s. In the short term Chartism failed, but it was a movement founded on an optimism that was eventually justified.
It took its name from the People's Charter of 1838 and was a national protest movement, with particular strongholds of support in Northern England, the East Midlands, the Staffordshire Potteries, the Black Country, and the South Wales Valleys.
The Chartist Movement had at its core the so-called "People's Charter" of 1838. This document, created for the London Working Men's Association, was primarily the work of William Lovett. The charter was a public petition aimed at redressing omissions from the electoral Reform Act of 1832.
People’s charter of 1838 was a document written in the United Kingdom. It was actually a bill that was written by William Lovett in the year 1838. The main purpose of the document was to advocate the reformation of the parliamentary or electoral system of the UK.
People's Charter may refer to: . People's Charter of 1838 in the United Kingdom; People's Charter for Change, Peace and Progress in Fiji; The People's Charter (21st century), left-wing political movement in the United Kingdom