China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. China covers an area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million mi 2), it is the world's third or fourth-largest country.
The People's Republic of China (PRC) (since 1949), commonly known as China, has control over mainland China and the largely self-governing territories of Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999). China is one of the world's oldest civilizations: it has the oldest continuous civilization. There is archaeological evidence over 5,000 years old.
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The People's Republic of China is the third- or fourth-largest country in the world after Russia, Canada, and (in some sources) the United States and the second-largest by land area. China has every kind of climate in the northern hemisphere except the polar climate. It is also the largest country without any land north of the Arctic Circle.
The first Republic of China national government was established on 1 January 1912, in Nanjing, and was founded on the Constitution of the ROC and its Three Principles of the People, which state that "[the ROC] shall be a democratic republic of the people, to be governed by the people and for the people."
- Historical background
- In popular culture
The founding of the People's Republic of China was formally proclaimed by Mao Zedong, the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, on October 1, 1949 at 3:00 pm in Tiananmen Square in Peking, the new capital of China. The formation of the Central People's Government of the PRC, the government of the new nation, was officially proclaimed during the proclamation speech at the founding ceremony. The first public military parade of the then new People's Liberation Army took place there, following t
The Chinese Civil War was fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China lasting intermittently between 1927 and 1949. The war is generally divided into two phases with an interlude: from the August 1927 to 1937, the KMT-CPC Alliance collapsed during the Northern Expedition, and the Nationalists controlled most of China. From 1937 to 1945, hostilities were put on hold, and the Second United Front fought the Japanese invasion of China
At exactly 3:00pm Beijing Time on 1 October 1949, Mao announced to the nation from the top of the Tiananmen Gate:
The first National Day military parade took place right after the proclamation of the PRC. Commanded by Nie Rongzhen, the Commander of the Northern China Military Region and inspected by Zhu De, the Commander-in-Chief of the PLA, the parade involved around 16,000 PLA officers and personnel. The parade, which was approved in June 1949, was the first large-scale and modern Chinese military parade, with the country having never done a public review of troops before under previous governments. Liu B
Films depicting the proclamation of the People's Republic of China: 1. The Birth of New China 2. The Founding of a Republic 3. My People, My Country
- October 1, 1949
- 中华人民共和国开国大典 / 中華人民共和國開國典禮
- Founding Ceremony of the People's Republic of China
- Tiananmen Square
- Qualifications and election
- Powers and duties
- Political ranking
- Order of succession
- Post title
The President of the People's Republic of China, is the ceremonial head of state of the People's Republic of China. Under the current PRC Constitution, the presidency is a largely ceremonial office with very limited power. However, since 1993, as a matter of convention, the presidency has been held simultaneously by the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, the top leader of this one-party state. The presidency is officially regarded as an institution of the state rather than an admi
According to the current Constitution of China, the president must be a Chinese citizen with full electoral rights who has reached the age of 45. The president is elected by the National People's Congress, China's highest state body, which also has the power to remove the president and other state officers from office. Elections and removals are decided by majority vote. According to the Organic Law of the NPC, the president is nominated by the NPC Presidium, the Congress's executive organ. In p
Under the current constitution, instated in 1982 with minor revisions in later years, the president has the power to promulgate laws, select and dismiss the premier as well as the ministers of the State Council, grant presidential pardons, declares a state of emergency, issue mass mobilization orders, and issue state honours. In addition, the president names and dismisses ambassadors to foreign countries, signs and annuls treaties with foreign entities. According to the Constitution, all of thes
For President Liu Shaoqi, he was also the first Vice Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, ranked second in the Chinese Communist Party, behind Chairman Mao Zedong. For President Li Xiannian, he was also the 5th ranked member of the CCP Politburo Standing Committee, after CCP general secretary and premier. For President Yang Shangkun, he was not a member of CCP Politburo Standing Committee, but he ranked third after CCP General Secretary Zhao Ziyang and Deng Xiaoping. Since Jiang Zemin, the p
Article 84 of the Constitution of China. In the event that the office of president falls vacant, the vice-president succeeds to the office. In the event that both offices fall vacant, the chairman of the NPC Standing Committee temporarily acts as president until the NPC can elect a new president and vice-president.
The title of the office was unchanged in the Chinese text, but a new English translation of "President of the People's Republic of China" has been adopted since 1982, instead of "Chairman of the People's Republic of China". A 2019 report by the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission, a bipartisan commission within the United States Congress, recommends that the Chinese leader Xi Jinping be called “General Secretary” rather than “President”, arguing that the ...
- 1982 Constitution
- Revisions and amendments
- Constitutional enforcement
The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law of the People's Republic of China. It was adopted by the 5th National People's Congress on December 4, 1982, with further revisions about every five years. It is the fourth constitution in the country's history, superseding the 1954 constitution, the 1975 constitution, and the 1978 constitution. Though technically the "supreme legal authority" and "fundamental law of the state", the ruling Chinese Communist Party has
The first Constitution of the People's Republic of China was declared in 1954. After two intervening versions enacted in 1975 and 1978, the current Constitution was declared in 1982. There were significant differences between each of these versions, and the 1982 Constitution has subsequently been amended five times. In addition, evolving constitutional conventions have led to significant changes in the structure of the Chinese government in the absence of changes in the text of the Constitution.
There had been five major revisions by the National People's Congress to the 1982 Constitution. The 1982 Constitution reflects Deng Xiaoping's determination to lay a lasting institutional foundation for domestic stability and modernization. The 1982 State Constitution provided a legal basis for the broad changes in China's social and economic institutions and significantly revised government structure. The posts of President and Vice President are re-established in the 1982 Constitution. Prior t
The National People’s Congress amended Articles 10 and 11 of the Constitution. Allow the emergence of the private sector and allow the transfer of the Land tenure.
The Constitution was amended on 14 March 2004 to include guarantees regarding private property and human rights. The government argued that this represented progress for Chinese democracy and was a sign from the Communist Party that they recognised the need to adapt to the boomin
The Constitution was amended on 11 March 2018, with 2,958 votes in favour, two against, and three abstentions. It includes an assortment of revisions that further cement the Communist Party’s control and supremacy, including setting up the National Supervisory Commission ...
The constitution stipulates that the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee have the power to review whether laws or activities violate the constitution. Unlike many Western legal systems, courts do not have the power of judicial review and cannot invalidate a statute on the grounds that it violates the constitution. Since 2002, a special committee within the NPC called the National People's Congress Constitution and Law Committee has been responsible for constitutional review and
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from List of Presidents of the People's Republic of China) Not to be confused with List of Presidents of the Republic of China or List of premiers of the People's Republic of China. All the names on this list follow the Eastern order convention (family name first, personal name second).PortraitName (Lifespan) ConstituencyTerm of officeTerm of office7Xi Jinping 习近平 (born 1953) Sha ...17 March 2018Incumbent7Xi Jinping 习近平 (born 1953) Sha ...14 March 201317 March 20186Hu Jintao 胡锦涛 (born 1942) Tibet At- ...15 March 200814 March 20136Hu Jintao 胡锦涛 (born 1942) Tibet At- ...15 March 200315 March 2008
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia See also: List of Chinese wars and battles and List of wars involving the Republic of China This is a list of wars involving the People's Republic of China (PRC).WarPeople's Republic of China and alliesOpponentsResultSyrian Civil War (2011–present)Syria Hezbollah Iran Russia PRCFree Syrian Army Islamic Front al-Nusra ...OngoingNorthern Mali conflict (2012–present)France Mali PRC Benin Ghana Cape Verde ...ISIL Ansar al-Sharia Jama'at Nasr ...OngoingOperation Ocean Shield (2009–2016)Somalia NATO Australia Belgium Colombia ...Victory Number of Somali pirate attacks ...War on Terror (2001–present)Major combatants: United States United ...Major combatants: al-Qaeda Islamic State ...Ongoing
- related to: people's republic of china wikipedia encyclopedia
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