A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network for interconnecting electronic devices within an individual person's workspace. A PAN provides data transmission among devices such as computers, smartphones, tablets and personal digital assistants.
- Microchip Implants
- Computer Area Network??
- Pan Networks in Relation to Other Types of Networks
- Protocols Or Standards For Pan
I did my Masters Thesis work at the MIT Media Lab with my advisor Neil Gershenfeld, finished in June 1995. We also filed and had issued US Patent 5914701 "Non-contact system for sensing and signalling by externally induced intra-body currents", Abstract: Wireless apparatus with transmitter and receiver coupled through user detects current which flows through circuitry to electrode which is asymmetrically coupled to ground so as to recover data from it. Along with several follow-up patents. Regards, Tom Zimmerman, IBM Almaden Research Center firstname.lastname@example.org
I heard someone on the radio talking about how the PAN concept was based around a microchip implanted in the user for the purposes of identification. For a sort of an ID to auto-login to a device when the user touches a it. Also when two people shake hands their networks could bridge, allowing for the automatic exchange of data. This radio personality also said that Microsoft owns many patents relating to microchip implants and PAN technology. Is there more information about any of this? --Zerothis01:04, 31 August 2006 (UTC)...._... 1. Try Microchip implant (human). I have added this to the See also section. ~Kvng (talk) 16:13, 31 March 2020 (UTC)
A Personal Area Network is not specifically designed for just computer use, it for any device to use around one's person (such as a walkman communicating to headphones).I recommend changing the term computer devices to electronic devices.-MrLaister 24/04/07its the top network out there that a person can use personally — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 08:15, 8 September 2016 (UTC) Done ~Kvng (talk) 16:16, 31 March 2020 (UTC)
I have been doing a research assignment all semester for my telecommunications class. I was thinking that a section on Pan networks in relation to other types of networks I.E. Wan, Lan, and Man networks could be beneficial. I'm not to sure how to attach an image but there is one that i found that could be of some use. It's basically a graphic of how Pan networks stack up against other networks. Just an idea. I've also included my references below so that you can look for yourselves. . The first reference has the graphics. References - Works Cited 5. Bisdikian, Chatschik, Pravin Bhagwat, and Nuda Golmie. "Wireless Personal Networks." Sept.-Oct. 2001. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. . 6. "Introduction to Wireless - Wireless Standards." RFID & GPS Tracking and Locator Systems. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. . 7. Lau, H.K. "High-speed Wireless Personal Area Networks: An Application...
I am seeing no references to the standards or protocols that "PAN" relies on. The article is too heavily weighted in describing WPAN and radio technologies that can be used to carry PAN. "PAN" should probably operate over most any connection, even persons banging rocks together. The wireless carrier is a distractor and has moved the focus away from what PAN is. Stephen Charles Thompson (talk) 18:15, 9 December 2011 (UTC) 1. There is brief discussion of wired technology in Personal_area_network#Wired. ~Kvng (talk) 16:22, 31 March 2020 (UTC)
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Computer networking may be considered a branch of computer science, computer engineering, and telecommunications, since it relies on the theoretical and practical application of the related disciplines. Computer networking was influenced by a wide array of technology developments and historical milestones. 1. In the late 1950s, a network of computers was built for the U.S. military Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) radar system using the Bell 101 modem. It was the first commercial modem for computers, released by AT&T Corporation in 1958. The modem allowed digital data to be transmitted over regular unconditioned telephone lines at a speed of 110 bits per second(bit/s). 2. In 1959, Christopher Strachey filed a patent application for time-sharing and John McCarthy initiated the first project to implement time-sharing of user programs at MIT. Stratchey passed the concept on to J. C. R. Licklider at the inaugural UNESCO Information Processing Conference in Paris that year. McCar...
A computer network extends interpersonal communications by electronic means with various technologies, such as email, instant messaging, online chat, voice and video telephone calls, and video conferencing. A network allows sharing of network and computing resources. Users may access and use resources provided by devices on the network, such as printing a document on a shared network printer or use of a shared storage device. A network allows sharing of files, data, and other types of information giving authorized users the ability to access information stored on other computers on the network. Distributed computinguses computing resources across a network to accomplish tasks.
Most modern computer networks use protocols based on packet-mode transmission. A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network. Packets consist of two types of data: control information and user data (payload). The control information provides data the network needs to deliver the user data, for example, source and destination network addresses, error detection codes, and sequencing information. Typically, control information is found in packet headers and trailers, with payload datain between. With packets, the bandwidth of the transmission medium can be better shared among users than if the network were circuit switched. When one user is not sending packets, the link can be filled with packets from other users, and so the cost can be shared, with relatively little interference, provided the link isn't overused. Often the route a packet needs to take through a network is not immediately available. In that case, the packet is queuedand waits until a...
Network topology is the layout, pattern, or organizational hierarchy of the interconnection of network hosts, in contrast to their physical or geographic location. Typically, most diagrams describing networks are arranged by their topology. The network topology can affect throughput, but reliability is often more critical.With many technologies, such as bus or star networks, a single failure can cause the network to fail entirely. In general, the more interconnections there are, the more robust the network is; but the more expensive it is to install. Common layouts are: 1. Bus network: all nodes are connected to a common medium along this medium. This was the layout used in the original Ethernet, called 10BASE5 and 10BASE2. This is still a common topology on the data link layer, although modern physical layer variants use point-to-pointlinks instead. 2. Star network: all nodes are connected to a special central node. This is the typical layout found in a Wireless LA...
The transmission media (often referred to in the literature as the physical medium) used to link devices to form a computer network include electrical cable, optical fiber, and free space. In the OSI model, the software to handle the media is defined at layers 1 and 2 — the physical layer and the data link layer. A widely adopted family that uses copper and fiber media in local area network (LAN) technology are collectively known as Ethernet. The media and protocol standards that enable communication between networked devices over Ethernet are defined by IEEE 802.3. Wireless LAN standards use radio waves, others use infrared signals as a transmission medium. Power line communication uses a building's power cablingto transmit data.
Apart from any physical transmission media, networks are built from additional basic system building blocks, such as network interface controllers (NICs), repeaters, hubs, bridges, switches, routers, modems, and firewalls. Any particular piece of equipment will frequently contain multiple building blocks and so may perform multiple functions.
A communication protocol is a set of rules for exchanging information over a network. Communication protocols have various characteristics. They may be connection-oriented or connectionless, they may use circuit mode or packet switching, and they may use hierarchical addressing or flat addressing. In a protocol stack, often constructed per the OSI model, communications functions are divided up into protocol layers, where each layer leverages the services of the layer below it until the lowest layer controls the hardware that sends information across the media. The use of protocol layering is ubiquitous across the field of computer networking. An important example of a protocol stack is HTTP (the World Wide Web protocol) running over TCP over IP (the Internet protocols) over IEEE 802.11 (the Wi-Fi protocol). This stack is used between the wireless routerand the home user's personal computer when the user is surfing the web. There are many communication protocols, a few of which are d...
Networks may be characterized by many properties or features, such as physical capacity, organizational purpose, user authorization, access rights, and others. Another distinct classification method is that of the physical extent or geographic scale. Nanoscale network A nanoscale communicationnetwork has key components implemented at the nanoscale including message carriers and leverages physical principles that differ from macroscale communication mechanisms. Nanoscale communication extends communication to very small sensors and actuators such as those found in biological systems and also tends to operate in environments that would be too harsh for classical communication. Personal area network A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computers and different information technological devices close to one person. Some examples of devices that are used in a PAN are personal computers, printers, fax machines, telephones, PDAs, scanners, and eve...
Networks are typically managed by the organizations that own them. Private enterprise networks may use a combination of intranets and extranets. They may also provide network access to the Internet, which has no single owner and permits virtually unlimited global connectivity.
Network services are applications hosted by servers on a computer network, to provide some functionalityfor members or users of the network, or to help the network itself to operate. The World Wide Web, E-mail, printing and network file sharing are examples of well-known network services. Network services such as DNS (Domain Name System) give names for IP and MAC addresses (people remember names like “nm.lan” better than numbers like “220.127.116.11”), and DHCPto ensure that the equipment on the network has a valid IP address. Services are usually based on a service protocolthat defines the format and sequencing of messages between clients and servers of that network service.
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Personal Area Network. Një rrjet i zonës personale, ose PAN, është një rrjet kompjuterik që mundëson komunikimin midis pajisjeve kompjuterike pranë një personi. PAN-et mund të jenë me tela, të tilla si USB ose FireWire, ose mund të jenë pa tela, të tilla si infra të kuqe, ZigBee, Bluetooth dhe ultrawideband ose UWB.
Category:Personal area networks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Personal area networks (PAN). The main article for this category is Personal area network.
編. 歴. Personal Area Network （ パーソナル・エリア・ネットワーク 、 PAN ）は、個人周辺の 電話機 や PDA を含む コンピュータデバイス 間の 通信 で用いられる コンピュータネットワーク である。. デバイスは個人の所有物に限定されず、到達距離はおよそ数10 ...