Perth (/ ˈ p ɜːr θ / ()) is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.1 million living in Greater Perth in 2020.
Perth is a suburb in the Perth metropolitan region, Western Australia that includes both the central business district of the city, and a suburban area spreading north to the northern side of Hyde Park. It does not include the separate suburbs of Northbridge or Highgate.
- Sister Cities
- Famous People from Perth
Perth is a sister city with many other cities. Sister cities can share students and business contacts. Perth is a sister city to these cities: 1. Kagoshima, Japan 2. Houston, Texas 3. Rhodes, Greece 4. Megisti, Greece 5. San Diego, California 6. Vasto, Italy 7. Nanjing, People's Republic of China 8. Taipei, Taiwan 9. Chengdu, People's Republic of China Perth also has some other agreements with Perth, Perth and Kinross in Scotland and formerly Grenoble, France.
Perth is home to four public and one private university. These are: 1. University of Western Australia 2. Murdoch University 3. Curtin University 4. Edith Cowan University 5. University of Notre Dame (Western Australia)(private)
Perth has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. It is the windiest city in Australia. It is also considered to be the third windiest capital city in the world. Perth is also the sunniestcity in Australia.
- Aboriginal history
- Early European exploration
- Founding of the Swan River Colony
- Layout of the principal towns
- Early years (1830 - 1850)
By ethnicity Chinese Australians Indigenous people By region State/Territory Capital ACT Canberra New South Wales Sydney Northern Territory Darwin Queensland Brisbane South Australia Adelaide Tasmania Hobart Victoria Melbourne Western Australia Perth Australia portal v t e Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony. It gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name
Before the founding of the Swan River Colony, the indigenous Noongar people were well established in the southwest corner of Western Australia, hunting and gathering. They called the area on which Perth now stands Boorloo. Boorloo formed part of Mooro, the tribal lands of Yellagonga, whose group was one of several based around the Swan River, known collectively as the Whadjug. Like elsewhere in Australia, Aboriginal occupation of the coastal plain was unwittingly preparing the ground for Europea
Early European exploration of the area commenced in 1697 with the discovery of the Swan River by Dutch captain Willem de Vlamingh. A sloop was dragged over the limestone bar and sandy shoals that blocked the river mouth, and an expedition made up the river. Surveying the area from "high ground", Vlamingh was not impressed. Similar explorations by the French in 1801, and the British in 1822 left equally unfavourable impressions regarding any potential settlement of the area. The first detailed ma
The first fleet of settlers arrived in June 1829, disembarking with their possessions on the sandy beaches north of the Swan River. No advance party had been sent, no land had been allocated, and no buildings had been constructed. Under intense pressure from the settlers, Stirling's energetic Surveyor-General, John Septimus Roe went to work demarcating the allotments along the river. The fertile locations around Perth did not extend very far from the Swan and Canning Rivers, and the most fertile
Septimus Roe laid out the townsites of Perth, Fremantle and Guildford. Fremantle was to be the port city, and entry into the colony; Guildford was the loading point for agricultural produce that was to be shipped down the Swan River; and Perth was the administrative and military hub. All three towns developed slowly in the early years. The boundaries of the capital Perth were defined by the Swan River to the south and east, by the promontory of Mount Eliza to the west, and by a chain of swamps a
As much of the remaining land turned out to be quite sandy and unsuitable for agriculture, the first reports of the colony were not as glowing as Stirling had been led to expect. These reports, along with the difficulty of clearing land to grow crops, was a factor in the slow growth of Perth during the first two decades. Agriculture developed away from Perth in places like the Avon Valley, and along the southwest coastline. Transport in the early years was primarily along the coastline and river
- Festivals and Events
- Sports and Recreation
Perth is a town in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is located on the Tay River, 83 kilometres southwest of Ottawa, and is the seat of Lanark County.
The town was established as a military settlement in 1816, shortly after the War of 1812. The settlement of Lanark County began in 1815. In that year "the Settlement forming on the Rideau River" as it was officially referred to began to function under Military direction. The settlement was named Perth in honour of acting Governor-General Sir Gordon Drummond, whose ancestral home was Perthshire. Several townships were surveyed to facilitate the location of farms for military and other settlers; a
The Tay River splits into two main channels for much of its course through Perth. Much of downtown Perth, including the town hall, is on the island formed by the two channels. During the summer and fall of 2015, the fork in the river was modified to reduce erosion and flooding downstream. The heritage downtown core of today's Perth consists of boutiques, specialty shops, cafés and restaurants, including crafts, antiques and flea markets, and summer Farmers' and Craft Markets. Most of these ...
Each summer in July, the Stewart Park Music Festival takes place in Stewart Park. It is a popular free festival featuring live music as well as artisan and food vendors. The Perth Lions Garlic Festival has been celebrating garlic grown in the area each August since 1997. Another festival growing in popularity is the Perth Ribfest Music Festival, which includes kids activities, takes place at Last Duel Park. The Perth Fair, a regional agricultural fair, takes place over the Labour Day weekend; it
Hockey is very popular in Perth as it has been home to senior and junior teams. Currently, Perth is represented by the Blue Wings in the Eastern Ontario Junior "B" Hockey League. Minor hockey combines Perth and Lanark children with practices and games shared between the Perth and Lanark arenas. Perth was home to a professional baseball team for two years as part of the Canadian–American League. The Perth & District Indoor Pool is home to the Perth Stingrays Aquatic Club which offers a ...
- 12.25 km 2 (4.73 sq mi)
- 1853 (Upper Canada Municipal Corporations Act, 1849)
Perth or Pairth ( Scots Gaelic: Peairt), kent in auld Scots as Sanct Johnstoun, is a ceitie an unwhyl mukkil toun, ceitie aforehaund an ryal burgh in central Scotland. Liggin on the River Tay, it is the heidsteid o the Pairth an Kinross cooncil aurie an the historic coontie toun o Pairthshire. Acordin til a 2008 estimate, Pairth haes 44,820 ...
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Perth (/ p ɜːr θ /) is the caipital an maist muckle city o the Austrailien state o Wastren Australie. It is the fowert maist muckle ceety in Austrailie , wi an estimatit population o 1.74 million livin in the Perth metropolitan aurie .
The Perth Mint is Australia's official bullion mint and wholly owned by the Government of Western Australia. Established on 20 June 1899, two years before Australia's Federation in 1901, The Perth Mint was the last of three Australian colonial branches of the United Kingdom's Royal Mint (after the now-defunct Sydney Mint and Melbourne Mint) intended to refine gold from the gold rushes and to ...