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  1. Peter III of Aragon - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_III_of_Aragon

    Peter III of Aragon (c. 1239 – November 1285) was King of Aragon, King of Valencia (as Peter I), and Count of Barcelona (as Peter II) from 1276 to his death.At the invitation of some rebels, he conquered the Kingdom of Sicily and became King of Sicily in 1282, pressing the claim of his wife, Constance II of Sicily, uniting the kingdom to the crown.

    • Youth and Succession
    • Early Rebellions
    • Wars Abroad
    • Later Domestic Unrest
    • Aragonese Crusade
    • Death and Legacy

    Peter was the el­dest son of James I of Aragon and his sec­ond wife Vi­olant of Hun­gary. Among (op­por­tunis­tic) be­trothals of his youth, he was be­trothed to Eu­doxia Laska­rina, the youngest daugh­ter of Em­peror Theodoros II of Nicaea, in or be­fore 1260. This con­tract was dis­solved, how­ever, after Eu­doxia's brother lost the im­pe­r­ial throne in 1261, and Eu­doxia was in­stead mar­ried to the Count of Tenda. On 13 June 1262, Peter mar­ried Con­stance, daugh­ter and heiress of Man­fred of Sicily. Dur­ing his youth and early adult­hood, Peter gained a great deal of mil­i­tary ex­pe­ri­ence in his fa­ther's wars of the Re­con­quista against the Moors. On James I's death in 1276, the lands of the Crown of Aragon were di­vided amongst his two sons. The King­dom of Aragon, the King­dom of Va­len­cia and the Cata­lan coun­ties went to Peter III as being the el­dest son; while the King­dom of Ma­jorca (ac­tual Balearic Is­lands) and the Cata­lan coun­ties be­yond the Pyre­nees of...

    Peter's first act as king was to com­plete the paci­fi­ca­tion of his Va­len­cian ter­ri­tory, an ac­tion which had been un­der­way be­fore his fa­ther's death. How­ever, a re­volt soon broke out in Cat­alo­nia, led by the vis­count of Car­dona and abet­ted by Roger-Bernard III of Foix, Arnold Roger I of Pal­lars Sobirà, and Er­men­gol X of Urgell. The rebels had de­vel­oped a ha­tred for Peter as a re­sult of the sever­ity of his deal­ings with them dur­ing the reign of his fa­ther. Now they op­posed him for not sum­mon­ing the Cata­lan corts (Royal Courts), and con­firm­ing its priv­i­leges after his as­cen­sion to the throne. At the same time, a suc­ces­sion cri­sis con­tin­ued in the County of Urgell. When Count Álvaro died in 1268, the fam­i­lies of his two wives, Con­stance, a daugh­ter of Pedro Mon­cada of Béarn, and Ce­cilia, a daugh­ter of Roger-Bernard II of Foix, began a long fight over the in­her­i­tance of his county. Mean­while, a good por­tion of the county had been r...

    Africa

    When Muham­mad I al-Mus­tan­sir, the Haf­sid Emir of Tunisia who had put him­self under James the Con­queror, died in 1277, Tunisia threw off the yoke of Aragonese suzerainty. Peter first sent an ex­pe­di­tion to Tunis in 1280 under Con­rad de Llansa de­signed to re-es­tab­lish his suzerainty. In 1281, he him­self pre­pared to lead a fleet of 140 ships with 15,000 men to in­vade Tunisia on be­half of the gov­er­nor of Con­stan­tine. The fleet landed at Al­coyll (now Collo, Al­ge­ria) in 1282....

    Italy

    In 1266, the French Charles I of Anjou, king of Naples with the ap­proval of Pope Clement IV, in­vaded the King­dom of Sicily, gov­erned by the house of Ho­hen­staufen, which was the house of Peter III's wife, Con­stance of Sicily, old­est daugh­ter of Man­fred I of Sicily and right­ful heir to the throne of Sicily after the deaths of her fa­ther and brother Con­radin fight­ing against Charles' in­vad­ing forces (Man­fred died at the bat­tle of Ben­evento in 1266 and her brother Con­radin die...

    Peter was deal­ing with do­mes­tic un­rest at the time when the French were prepar­ing an in­va­sion of Aragon. He took Al­bar­racín from the re­bel­lious noble Juan Núñez de Lara, he re­newed the al­liance with San­cho IV of Castile, and he at­tacked Tudela in an at­tempt to pre­vent Philip the Fair, the king of Navarre and the son of the French king Philip III the Bold, from in­vad­ing on that front. Peter held meet­ings of the cortes at Tar­rag­ona and Zaragoza in 1283. He was forced to grant the Priv­i­le­gio General to the newly formed Union of Aragon. Also in 1283, Peter's brother James II of Ma­jorca joined the French and recog­nised their suzerainty over Mont­pel­lier. This gave the French free pas­sage into Cat­alo­nia through Rous­sil­lon as well as ac­cess to the Balearic Is­lands. In Oc­to­ber, Peter began prepar­ing the de­fences of Cat­alo­nia. In 1284, Pope Mar­tin IV granted the King­dom of Aragon to Charles, Count of Val­ois, an­other son of the French king and grea...

    In 1284, the first French armies under King Philip and Count Charles en­tered Rous­sil­lon. They in­cluded 16,000 cav­alry, 17,000 cross­bow­men, and 100,000 in­fantry, along with 100 ships in south French ports. Though the French had James's sup­port, the local pop­u­lace rose against them. The city of Elne was valiantly de­fended by the so-called bâtard de Roussillon ("bas­tard of Rous­sil­lon"), the il­le­git­i­mate son of Nuño Sánchez, late count of Rous­sil­lon (1212–1242). Even­tu­ally he was over­come and the cathe­dral was burnt; the royal forces pro­gressed. In 1285, Philip en­trenched him­self be­fore Girona in an at­tempt to be­siege it. The re­sis­tance was strong, but the city was taken. Charles was crowned there, but with­out an ac­tual crown. The French soon ex­pe­ri­enced a re­ver­sal, how­ever, at the hands of Roger de Lau­ria, back from the Ital­ian the­atre of the drawn-out con­flict. The French fleet was de­feated and de­stroyed at the Bat­tle of Les Formigues on...

    Peter died from un­known causes at Vi­lafranca del Penedès on 11 No­vem­ber 1285, just one month after his royal foe Philip III of France, and was buried in the Monastery of Santes Creus. His deathbed ab­so­lu­tion oc­curred after he de­clared that his con­quests had been in the name of his fa­mil­ial claims and never against the claims of the church. His re­mains are en­tombed in a por­phyrysar­coph­a­gus at the monastery. Like his fa­ther, Peter di­vided his king­doms be­tween his sons. He left Aragon to his el­dest son, Al­fonso, and Sicily to his sec­ond son, James. Peter's third son, Fred­er­ick, in suc­ces­sion to his brother James, be­came re­gent of Sicily and in due course its king. Peter did not pro­vide for his il­le­git­i­mate youngest son and name­sake, Peter (1275 – 25 Au­gust 1296), who mar­ried Con­stança Mendes da Silva, daugh­ter of Soeiro Mendes Pe­tite, gov­er­nor of San­tarémin Por­tu­gal. This Peter left Spain for Por­tu­gal with his half-sis­ter Eliz­a­beth. P...

  2. Pero III dari Aragon - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia ...

    id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_III_dari_Aragon

    Pero yang Agung (bahasa Katalan: Pere el Gran, bahasa Spanyol: Pedro el Grande; 1239 – 2 November 1285) adalah Raja Aragon (sebagai Pero III) dari Valencia dan Mallorca (sebagai Pere I), dan Graf Barcelona (sebagai Pere II) dari tahun 1276 hingga kematiannya.

  3. پیتر سوم آراگون (انگلیسی: Peter III of Aragon ‎; ح. ۱۲۳۹ – ۱۱ نوامبر ۱۲۸۵ (۴۵-۴۶ ساله)) پادشاه اهل تاج آراگون بود. وی به پیتر کبیر معروف بود. وی پادشاه آراگون و والنسیا و کنت بارسلونا بود. منابع

  4. Petri III.a Aragoikoa - Wikipedia, entziklopedia askea.

    eu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petri_III.a_Aragoikoa

    Petri III.a Aragoikoa (Valentzia, 1240 - Vilafranca del Penedès, 1285eko azaroaren 11), ezizenez Handia (katalanez: Pere el Gran, aragoieraz: Pero lo Gran) deitua, 1276-1285 bitartean Aragoiko eta Valentziako erregea eta Bartzelonako kondea, eta 1282-1285 bitartean Siziliako erregea izan zen.

  5. Pedro III od Aragona - Wikipedia

    sh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_III_od_Aragona

    Pedro III od Aragona (Valencia, 1239. - Villafranca del Panades , 11. novembar 1285 . poznat i kao Pedro Veliki bio je aragonski kralj od 1276 . kad mu je umro otac Jaime I i sicilijanski kralj od 1282 . do svoje smrti 1285 .

  6. Pedro III ng Aragon - Wikipedia, ang malayang ensiklopedya

    tl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_III_ng_Aragon

    Peter III King of Aragon and Valencia Count of Barcelona: Paghahari 27 July 1276 – 2 November 1285 Koronasyon: November 1276 Hinalinhan James I: Kahalili Alfonso III: King of Sicily: Reign 4 September 1282 – 2 November 1285 Koronasyon 9 November 1282 Hinalinhan Charles I: Kahalili James I: Konsorte Constance of Sicily: Isyu

  7. III. Péter aragóniai király – Wikipédia

    hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/III._Péter_aragóniai_király

    Euweb/House of Barcelona/Aragon Kings Genealogy – 2014. május 25. Sovereigns, Kingdoms and Royal Landmarks of Europe – 2014. május 25. Libro d'Oro della Nobilità Mediterranea/Bellonidi (Aragonesi) – 2014. május 25. Genealogie-Mittelalter/Peter III. der Große König von Aragon – 2014. május 25.

  8. Peter III, King of Aragon James II, King of Majorca Isabella, Queen of France: خاندان: Barcelona: پدر: Peter II, King of Aragon: مادر: Maria of Montpellier: دین و مذهب: کلیسای کاتولیک

  9. James I of Aragon - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_Aragon

    Early life and reign until majority. James was born at Montpellier as the only son of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier. As a child, James was made a pawn in the power politics of Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles helping the Cathar heretics of Albi against the Albigensian Crusaders led by Simon IV de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who were trying to exterminate them.

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