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The word "piano" is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from clavicembalo col piano e forte (key cimbalom with quieter and louder) and fortepiano. The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "loud" respectively, in this context referring to the vari...
The piano was founded on earlier technological innovations in keyboard instruments. Pipe organs have been used since antiquity, and as such, the development of pipe organs enabled instrument builders to learn about creating keyboard mechanisms for sounding pitches. The first string instruments with struck strings were the hammered dulcimers, which ...
Modern pianos have two basic configurations, the grand piano and the upright piano, with various styles of each. There are also specialized and novelty pianos, electric pianos based on electromechanical designs, electronic pianos that synthesize piano-like tones using oscillators, and digital pianos using digital samplesof acoustic piano sounds.
Pianos can have over 12,000 individual parts, supporting six functional features: keyboard, hammers, dampers, bridge, soundboard, and strings. Many parts of a piano are made of materials selected for strength and longevity. This is especially true of the outer rim. It is most commonly made of hardwood, typically hard maple or beech, and its massive...
When the key is struck, a chain reaction occurs to produce the sound. First, the key raises the "wippen" mechanism, which forces the jack against the hammer roller (or knuckle). The hammer roller then lifts the lever carrying the hammer. The key also raises the damper; and immediately after the hammer strikes the wire it falls back, allowing the wi...
Pianos are heavy and powerful, yet delicate instruments. Over the years, professional piano movers have developed special techniques for transporting both grands and uprights, which prevent damage to the case and to the piano's mechanical elements. Pianos need regular tuning to keep them on correct pitch. The hammers of pianos are voiced to compens...
As with any other musical instrument, the piano may be played from written music, by ear, or through improvisation. While some folk and blues pianists were self-taught, in Classical and jazz, there are well-established piano teaching systems and institutions, including pre-college graded examinations, university, college and music conservatory dipl...
The piano is a crucial instrument in Western classical music, jazz, blues, rock, folk music, and many other Western musical genres. Pianos are used in soloing or melodic roles and as accompaniment instruments. As well, pianos can be played alone, with a voice or other instrument, in small groups (bands and chamber music ensembles) and large ensembl...Section Table of Music Pitchesof the Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary
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What is a fortepiano?
Piano adalah alat musik yang dimainkan dengan jari-jemari tangan. Pemain piano disebut pianis . Pada saat awal-awal diciptakan, suara piano tidak sekeras piano abad XX-an, seperti piano yang dibuat oleh Bartolomeo Cristofori ( 1655 – 1731) buatan 1720. Pasalnya, tegangan senar piano kala itu tidak sekuat sekarang.
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The piano has been an extremely popular instrument in Western classical music since the late 18th century. The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori of Padua, Italy. He made his first piano in 1709. It developed from the clavichord which looks like a piano but the strings of a clavichord are hit by a small blade of metal called a “tangent”. I...
A piano has a keyboard with white keys and black keys. When a key is pressed down, the damper comes off the string and a hammer hits the string. It hits it very quickly and bounces off so that the string is free to vibrate and make a sound. Each key is a level that makes a hammer inside the piano hit a string inside, producing a sound. Each string ...
Once the piano became popular in the late 18th century many composers wrote music for the piano. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart started to learn on harpsichords when he was very small, but the piano was becoming popular when he was a young man and he wrote many sonatas and concertos for the piano. Franz Joseph Haydn also wrote a lot of piano music. Ludwig...
Some famous piano players from the early days of the piano include Dussek, Mozart, Muzio Clementi, John Field and Chopin. In the 19th century Franz Liszt was a very great influence on the piano by composing and performing very difficult music. Other great pianists include Clara Schumann and Anton Rubinstein. 20th century pianists include Artur Schn...
The piano has been a very popular instrument ever since the mid 18th century when it soon replaced the clavichord and the harpsichord. By the early 19th century the sound that the piano made was big enough to fill large concert halls. Smaller pianos were made for use in people’s homes. At first these included square pianos and giraffe pianos, later...
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O Piano retrata a sofrida trajetória de Ada McGrath, uma mulher que não fala desde os seis anos de idade e se muda para a Nova Zelândia recém-colonizada. Em companhia da filha, ela conhece seu futuro marido, com o qual não simpatiza. Para piorar a situação, o noivo, Alisdair Stewart, recusa-se a transportar o piano de Ada, que é sua maior paixão. P...
Escolher quem faria o papel de Ada foi um processo difícil. Sigourney Weaver foi a primeira escolha de Campion, mas ela recusou o papel porque estava fazendo uma pausa em filmes na época. Juliette Binoche também foi considerada para o papel. Jennifer Jason Leigh era outra possibilidade da diretora, mas ela não pôde se encontrar com Campion para ler...
No agregador de críticas Rotten Tomatoes, que categoriza as opiniões apenas como positivas ou negativas, o filme tem um índice de aprovação de 90% calculado com base em 60 comentários dos críticos que é seguido do consenso: "Desenvolvido pela atuação principal de Holly Hunter, The Piano é um romance em busca da verdade interpretado na chave da paix...
Oscar1994 (EUA) Globo de Ouro1994 (EUA) BAFTA1994 (Reino Unido) Prêmio César1994 (França) Festival de Cannes1993 (França)
1. Portal do cinema 2. Portal do Reino Unido 3. Portal da Nova Zelândia 4. Portal da Austrália 5. Portal da França
O Piano Elétrico ( E-Piano ou EP, sigla utilizada nos teclados modernos) nada mais é que uma modalidade de piano, só que, como diz o nome, é elétrico. Alcançou grande popularidade durante as décadas de 60 e 70.