The population of Gary was 74,789, as of the 2019 Census estimate, making it the ninth-largest city in the state of Indiana. Once a prosperous steel town, it has suffered drastic population loss due to overseas competition and restructuring of the industry, falling by 55 percent from its peak of 178,320 in 1960. 
Feb 12, 2021 · What is the current population of Gary? Based on the latest 2020 data from the US census, the current population of Gary is 74,879. Gary, Indiana is the 478th largest city in the US. What was the peak population of Gary? The peak population of Gary was in 1960, when its population was 178,320.
STATS Indiana is the statistical data utility for the State of Indiana, developed and maintained since 1985 by the Indiana Business Research Center at Indiana University's Kelley School of Business. Support is or has been provided by the State of Indiana and the Lilly Endowment, the Indiana Department of Workforce Development and Indiana ...Place190019101920Alamo town241209167Albany town2,1161,2891,333Albion town1,3241,2131,142Alexandria city7,2215,0964,172
The item 1980 census of population and housing, Census tracts | Gary-Hammond-East Chicago, Ind., standard metropolitan statistical area represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Indiana State Library.
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Gary-area historical tornado activity is slightly below Indiana state average. It is 59% greater than the overall U.S. average. On 4/21/1967, a category F4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 14.8 miles away from the Gary city center killed 33 people and injured 500 people and caused between $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.
- Lake County
The loss of population in Gary during the 1980s, almost 25 percent, was larger than that of any other U.S. city. By 1995, the city's population was 85 percent African American. That year, Scott L. King, who is white, confounded observers when he won an upset victory in the mayoral election.
This was 0.024% of total US population and 1.18% of total Indiana state population. Area of Gary city is 57.2 mi² (=148.1 km²) , in this year population density was 1,362.45 p/mi². If population growth rate would be same as in period 2010-2014 (-0.75%/yr), Gary city population in 2021 would be 73,904*.
Jun 11, 2014 · By 1980 the dwindling population composition had become much different; now nearly 80% Black and the remainder Latino and White. In the mid 1980s, as I was born in Methodist Hospitals of Merrillville and Gary Indiana, Gary earned the “Murder Capital of the World” nickname with the homicide rate reaching 73 per capita.
- The Industrialization of America
- The Rise of The "Magic City"
- The Downturn of Steel
- Racial Segregation and The Decline of Gary
- Moving Forward
During the 1860s, the U.S. was experiencing an industrial awakening. The high demand of steel, spurred by the rise in automobile manufacturing and the construction of highways, introduced many new jobs. To keep up with the growing demand, factories were built across the country, many of them near the Great Lakes so that the mills could access the raw materials of the iron ore deposits. Idyllic areas were transformed into manufacturing pockets. Gary, Indiana was one of them. The town of Gary was founded in 1906 by manufacturing behemoth U.S. Steel. Company chairman Elbert H. Gary — whom the town is named after — founded Gary right on the south shore of Lake Michigan, about 30 miles away from Chicago. Just two years after the city broke ground, the new Gary Works plant began operations. The steel mill attracted lots of workers from out of town, including foreign-born immigrants and African Americans who were looking for work. Soon, the town began to flourish economically. However, the...
By the 1920s, Gary Works operated 12 blast furnaces and employed over 16,000 workers, making it the largest steel plant in the country. Steel production rose even more during World War II and, with many men drafted into battle, work at the factories was taken over by women. LIFE photographer Margaret Bourke-White spent time documenting the unprecedented influx of women in the factories in Gary for the magazine, which chronicled"women... handling an amazing variety of jobs" in steel factories — "some completely unskilled, some semiskilled, and some requiring great technical knowledge, precision, and facility." The flurry of economic activity in Gary attracted visitors from the surrounding county who wanted to enjoy the luxuries that the "Magic City" had to offer — including state-of-the-art architecture, cutting-edge entertainment, and a bustling economy. Industrial businesses heavily invested in the town's budding infrastructure, with new schools, civic buildings, stately churches,...
In 1970, Gary had 32,000 steelworkers and 175,415 residents, and had been dubbed the "city of the century." But little did residents know the new decade would mark the start of the collapse of American steel — as well as their town. A number of factors contributed to the demise of the steel industry, such as the growing competition from foreign steel manufacturers in other countries. Technological advancements in the steel industry – especially automation — also played a role. The first bout of layoffs in Gary came in 1971, when tens of thousands of factory employees were let go. "We had expected some layoffs but now it seems like this thing is going to be a lot rougher than we had expected," Andrew White, a union District 31 director, told the New York Times. "Frankly we hadn't foreseen anything like this." By 1972, Timemagazine wrote Gary "sits like an ash heap in the northwest corner of Indiana, a grimy, barren steel town," as manufacturers continued laying off workers and reduci...
Dissecting Gary's economic decline cannot be separated from the town's long history of racial segregation. In the beginning, many newcomers to the town were white European immigrants. Some African Americans also migrated from the Deep South to escape Jim Crow laws, though things weren't much better for them in Gary. Black workers were often marginalized and isolated due to discrimination. By World War II, Gary "had become a fully segregated city with staunch racist elements," even among its immigrant populations. Today, about 81 percent of Gary's population is black. Unlike their white neighbors, the town's African American workers faced uphill battles trying to build a better life during Gary's decline. "When the jobs left, the whites could move, and they did. But we blacks didn't have a choice," 78-year-old Walter Bell told The Guardianin 2017. He explained: "They wouldn't let us into their new neighborhoods with the good jobs, or if they let us, we sure as hell couldn't afford it...
Despite these hard-knock setbacks, some residents believe the town is turning for the better. For a dying city to bounce back is not unheard of. Staunch believers of Gary's comeback often compare the town's tumultuous history with Pittsburgh and Dayton, both of which prospered during the manufacturing era, then declined when the industry was no longer a boon. "People have a thought about what Gary is," Meg Roman, who is executive director for Gary's Miller Beach Arts & Creative District, said in an interview with Curbed. "But they're always pleasantly surprised. When you hear Gary, you think steel mills and industry. But you have to come here and open your eyes to see there are more things." Countless revitalization initiatives have been launched by the local government in the last couple of decades to varying degrees of success. City leaders welcomed a $45 million minor league baseball stadium and even brought the Miss USA pageant to town for a few years. Some of the town's tall em...
- Natasha Ishak
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