Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and as such is the regular seat of its central authorities. Since 24 November 1990, it is de facto again a statutory town, but has a specific status of the municipality and the region at the same time. Prague also houses the administrative institutions of the Central Bohemian Region.
- 5th century
- 100 00 – 199 00
- 399 m (1,309 ft)
- Czech Republic
The history of Prague covers more than a thousand years, during which time the city grew from the Vyšehrad Castle to the capital of a modern European state, the Czech Republic.
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The earliest inhabitants of the area that we know about lived in the valley of the Vltava river around 500 BC. Slavonic tribes came to Bohemia in about 500 AD. There is a legend about how the town of Prague started. Princess Libuše, the leader of a Slavonic tribe, chose a simple peasant Přemysl to be her husband. She told him to go and find a village on the banks of the Vltava and to start a town there. The town became Prague, ruled by the Přemyslid family. In the second half of the 9th century the castle’s original fortifications were built. During the reign of Wenceslas I (Václav in Czech) in the 10th century the church of St Vitus was built at Prague castle. Wenceslas was murdered by his brother when he was going to church. He was later made a saint. In the early 11th century the Přemyslid family got power in Moravia, too. Vratislav II was the first monarchto be called King of Bohemia. Another ruler, also called Wenceslas I, ruled as King of Bohemia from 1230. He encouraged the a...
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1990 Prague has become one of Europe's most popular tourist places. It has buildings dating from the 13th century to the present day. The castle looks very important on the hillside. Charles Bridge is now closed to traffic so that pedestrians can walk across the bridge and buy souvenirs from the stalls. There are many museums, palaces and theatres. Tourists often go to the Old Town Square in the centre of Prague. There are lots of buildings there from different periods of history. The statue of Jan Hus stands high above the square. There is a famous Astronomical Clock on the wall of the Old Town Hall. There are museums dedicated to famous people including Smetana, Dvořák and Franz Kafka. The Estates Theatre is one of Europe’s oldest theaters. It was built in the 1780s and Mozart conducted the first performance of his opera Don Giovannithere. Prague is on the list of World Heritage Sites.
Prague has three metro lines, 20 tram lines, and buses that connect to the suburbs. There is also a funicular rail link to the top of the Petřín Hill and a chairlift at Prague Zoo. All these services have a common ticketing system. Prague metro is one of the best in Europe for quality and speed. It has got 3 lines (A, B, and C), 65 kilometers and 61 stations. Trains from Prague connect to major cities in neighbouring countries. There is a modern airport, Václav Havel airport Prague, used by many airlines including Czech Airlines.
Prague has many parks and gardens, including a park for culture, sportsand entertainments which is named after Julius Fučík, a resistance leader of World War II. It has three stadiums, the largest of which, Spartakiádní stadion, holds 250,000 people. They have a good Soccer team and play many sports.Official Website Archived 2004-03-20 at the Wayback MachineWorldFlicks in Prague: Photos and interesting places on Google Maps Archived 2008-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
Prague compte deux autres clubs de Première Ligue, le Dukla Prague et le Bohemians 1905, qui ont connu leurs heures de gloire dans les années 1960 à 1980. En sport féminin, l' USK Prague est un club de basket-ball reconnu, 13 fois champion national (en 2019) et vainqueur de l' Euroligue féminine de basket-ball 2014-2015 [ RP 42 ] .
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Prague /ˈpreɪɡ/ is a city in southeastern Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,386 at the 2010 census, an 11.6 percent increase from the figure of 2,138 in 2000. Czech immigrants founded the city, and named it for the present-day capital of the Czech Republic with an altered pronunciation of the name.
Czech immigrants settled Prague, after the opening of the Sac and Fox Reservation by a land run on September 22, 1891. Eva Barta owned the land, and named the new town "Prague" for the Czech capital in Europe, then part of Austria-Hungary. The town incorporated in 1902. On March 27, 1943, the film Hangmen Also Die! had its world premiere in Prague in an event which featured Adolf Hitler, Hirohito and Mussolini being hanged in effigy on Main Street. The town of Prague was apparently chosen becaus
Prague is located at 35°29′10″N 96°41′16″W / 35.48611°N 96.68778°W / 35.48611; -96.68778. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles, all land.
The Shawnee News Star and the Prague Times Herald, provide news coverage of Prague. The Oklahomski Noviny was a Czech-language newspaper printed in Prague in the 20th Century.
The Prague Public Schools serve approximately 1000 students.
- Prague uprising
The Prague offensive was the last major military operation of World War II in Europe. The offensive was fought on the Eastern Front from 6 May to 11 May 1945. Fought concurrently with the Prague uprising, the offensive significantly helped the liberation of Czechoslovakia in 1945. The offensive was one of the last engagements of World War II in Europe and continued after Nazi Germany's unconditional capitulation on 8 May. The city of Prague was ultimately liberated by the USSR during the Prague
By the beginning of May 1945, Germany had been decisively defeated by the coalition of the Western Allies and the Soviet Union. Germany's capital, Berlin, was on the verge of capitulation in the face of a massive Soviet attack and the great bulk of Germany had been conquered. How
The terrain over which the Soviets had to advance was varied, but in the main mountainous and forested. The routes of march of the 1st and 4th Ukrainian Fronts were perpendicular to the orientation of the ridges while the 2nd Ukrainian Front was able to move along a less arduous
With Soviet and U.S. forces pressing in from all sides, Army Group Centre's deployment resembled a horseshoe straddling the historical regions of Bohemia and Moravia. To the west, the 7th Army had been pushed east by operations of the U.S. Sixth Army Group and had become a subord
The orders from Stalin on 1 May to the three fronts called for the offensive to commence on 7 May. On 4 May, Marshal Konev provided detailed orders to his army commanders for three thrusts by the 1st Ukrainian Front. A main thrust would occur on the right wing with three combined-arms armies, two tank armies and five artillery divisions, following the valleys of the Elbe and Vltava Rivers. A secondary thrust by the 28th and 52nd Armies was to advance on an axis from Zittau to Prague, and a final
The Soviet offensive commenced on 6 May and concluded on 11 May.
The Prague Offensive destroyed Army Group Centre and parts of Army Group Ostmark. These army groups were the last large intact military formations of Germany, and following the offensive, all surviving German soldiers became prisoners of war or fugitives. The number of German pri
Even before the start of the Soviet offensive, on 5 May, Emanuel Moravec committed suicide. Moravec, known as the "Czech Quisling," was infamous among the Czechs as a traitor. Konrad Henlein, the former Czechoslovak politician and the leader of the Nazi Party of Sudeten Germans,
Volume 10 of the Soviet official history of the Second World War treats the Prague Offensive as a primarily military event, identifying the major military formations involved, their axes of advance, and in some cases, their daily rate of advance. Unsurprisingly, the Soviet histor
Losses in men of both army groups taken prisoner by the Soviets amounted to some 860,000 men. The Soviets claimed to have captured 9,500 guns and mortars, 1,800 armored vehicles, and 1,100 aircraft in the course of the operation.