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Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and as such is the regular seat of its central authorities. Since 24 November 1990, it is de facto again a statutory town, but has a specific status of the municipality and the region at the same time. Prague also houses the administrative institutions of the Central Bohemian Region.
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The earliest inhabitants of the area that we know about lived in the valley of the Vltava river around 500 BC. Slavonic tribes came to Bohemia in about 500 AD. There is a legend about how the town of Prague started. Princess Libuše, the leader of a Slavonic tribe, chose a simple peasant Přemysl to be her husband. She told him to go and find a village on the banks of the Vltava and to start a town there. The town became Prague, ruled by the Přemyslid family. In the second half of the 9th century the castle’s original fortifications were built. During the reign of Wenceslas I (Václav in Czech) in the 10th century the church of St Vitus was built at Prague castle. Wenceslas was murdered by his brother when he was going to church. He was later made a saint. In the early 11th century the Přemyslid family got power in Moravia, too. Vratislav II was the first monarchto be called King of Bohemia. Another ruler, also called Wenceslas I, ruled as King of Bohemia from 1230. He encouraged the a...
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1990 Prague has become one of Europe's most popular tourist places. It has buildings dating from the 13th century to the present day. The castle looks very important on the hillside. Charles Bridge is now closed to traffic so that pedestrians can walk across the bridge and buy souvenirs from the stalls. There are many museums, palaces and theatres. Tourists often go to the Old Town Square in the centre of Prague. There are lots of buildings there from different periods of history. The statue of Jan Hus stands high above the square. There is a famous Astronomical Clock on the wall of the Old Town Hall. There are museums dedicated to famous people including Smetana, Dvořák and Franz Kafka. The Estates Theatre is one of Europe’s oldest theaters. It was built in the 1780s and Mozart conducted the first performance of his opera Don Giovannithere. Prague is on the list of World Heritage Sites.
Prague has three metro lines, 20 tram lines, and buses that connect to the suburbs. There is also a funicular rail link to the top of the Petřín Hill and a chairlift at Prague Zoo. All these services have a common ticketing system. Prague metro is one of the best in Europe for quality and speed. It has got 3 lines (A, B, and C), 65 kilometers and 61 stations. Trains from Prague connect to major cities in neighbouring countries. There is a modern airport, Václav Havel airport Prague, used by many airlines including Czech Airlines.
Prague has many parks and gardens, including a park for culture, sportsand entertainments which is named after Julius Fučík, a resistance leader of World War II. It has three stadiums, the largest of which, Spartakiádní stadion, holds 250,000 people. They have a good Soccer team and play many sports.Official Website Archived 2004-03-20 at the Wayback MachineWorldFlicks in Prague: Photos and interesting places on Google Maps Archived 2008-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
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Renaissance. The city flourished during the 14th century during the reign of Charles IV, of the Luxembourg dynasty. Charles was the eldest son of Czech Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia and John of Luxembourg. He was born in Prague in 14 of May 1316 and became King of Bohemia upon the death of his father in 1346.
- History of Prague
- Culture of Prague
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Prague: Prague – capital and largest city in the Czech Republic. With about 1.3 million residents within an area of 496 km2, it has the status of a statutory city. Prague is classified as a "Beta+" global city according to GaWC studies, and is the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Istanbul and Rome.
Timeline of Prague 1. Beginnings and early Middle Ages The Přemyslid dynasty rules most of Bohemia The reign of Charles IV, of the Luxembourg dynasty First Defenestration of Prague Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, of the House of Habsburg, is elected King of Bohemia in 1576 ...
Religion in Prague 1. Catholicism in Prague Bishops and archbishops of Prague Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague St. Vitus Cathedral 2. Judaism in Prague Jubilee Synagogue Old New Synagogue
Sport in Prague 1. Football in Prague Association football in Prague AC Sparta Prague SK Slavia Prague Prague derby 2. Ice hockey in Prague HC Sparta Praha HC Slavia Praha 3. Sports competitions in Prague Prague Half Marathon Prague Marathon Prague Golf Challenge Prague Open 4. S
Prague compte dorénavant 37 communes et 19 arrondissements d'une grande variété, certains étant des territoires ruraux et d'autres de véritables villes dans la ville, comme Smíchov [RP 8]. La population de ce que l'on appelle alors la Grande Prague augmente jusqu'à atteindre près de 320 000 habitants au cours des années 1920 [RP 6].
The Prague Astronomical Clock or Prague Orloj ( Czech: Pražský orloj [praʃskiː orloj]) is a medieval astronomical clock attached to the Old Town Hall in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic . The clock was first installed in 1410, making it the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world and the oldest clock still operating.
- First Defenestration of Prague
- The 1483 Defenestration of Prague
- The 1618 Defenestration of Prague
- Further defenestrations
The Defenestrations of Prague were three incidents in the history of Bohemia in which multiple people were defenestrated. Though already existing in Middle French, the word "defenestrate" is believed to have first been used in English in reference to the episodes in Prague in 1618 when the disgruntled Protestant estates threw two royal governors out of a window of the Hradčany Castle and wrote an extensive apologia explaining their action. In the Middle Ages and early modern times...
The First Defenestration of Prague involved the killing of seven members of the city council by a crowd of Czech Hussites on 30 July 1419. Jan Želivský, a Hussite priest at the church of the Virgin Mary of the Snows, led his congregation on a procession through the streets of Prague to the New Town Hall on Charles Square. The town council members had refused to exchange their Hussite prisoners. While they were marching, a stone was thrown at Želivský from the window of the town hall and ...
This defenestration took place on September 24, 1483 during the storms of the Prague population during the reign of King Vladislaus II of Hungary, when the party of the Communion under both kinds, fearing for their influence, carried out a violent coup in the Old and New Towns and Lesser Town. The Old Town Burgomaster and the dead bodies of seven New Town councilors were defenestrated from the respective town halls. The coup in Prague contributed to the limitation of ruling power and prevented t
This defenestration significantly influenced the history of Europe and led to the Thirty Years' War.
More events of defenestration have occurred in Prague during its history, but they are not usually called defenestrations of Prague. Sometimes, the name the fourth or the third defenestration of Prague is used, although it has no standard meaning. For example, it has been used to describe the death of Jan Masaryk, who was found below the bathroom window of the building of the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 10 March 1948. The official report listed the death as a suicide. However, it
- Similar statues
The Infant Jesus of Prague or Child Jesus of Prague or the Infant of Prague is a 16th-century wax-coated wooden statue of the child Jesus holding a globus cruciger, located in the Discalced Carmelite Church of Our Lady Victorious in Malá Strana, Prague, Czech Republic. Pious legends claim that the statue once belonged to Saint Teresa of Ávila. It was donated in 1628 to the Carmelite friars by Princess Polyxena of Lobkowicz. The image is routinely clothed by the Carmelite nuns in luxurious...
The exact origin of the Infant Jesus statue is not known, but historical sources point to a 19‑inch sculpture of the Holy Child with a bird in his right hand currently located in the Cistercian monastery of Santa María de la Valbonna in Asturias, Spain, which was carved around the year 1340. Many other Infant Jesus sculptures were also carved by famous masters throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. Often found in early medieval work, the significance of the bird symbolizes either a soul ...
The statue is a 19‑inch, wooden and coated wax representation of the Infant Jesus. The surface of the wax is quite fragile. In order to protect the fragile wax surface, the bottom half below the waist is enclosed in a silver case.
In April 1639, the Swedish army began a siege of the city of Prague. The frightened citizens hurried to the shrine of the Infant Jesus of Prague as services were held day and night at the Church of Our Lady Victorious in the Little Quarter. When the army decided instead to pull out, the grateful residents ascribed this to the miraculous Holy Infant. The tradition of the Infant Jesus procession and the coronation continues to this day. This ceremony is the closing highlight of the annual Feast of
In the Iberian peninsula, among communities of Portugal and Spain, the Santo Niño de Atocha is said to have aided the needy in Spain and Mexico since the 1200s. Santo Niño de Atocha was said to walk the hills and valleys of Spain in the 12th century, bringing food and drink to prisoners of war in Muslim-conquered Atocha, and to Spanish refugees and Mexican silver miners trapped in a mine in Zacatecas, Mexico. The Santo Niño de Atocha from Spain, which predates the Infant of Prague by 300 ...
Drn (translated as a tuft from Czech) is a polyfunctional building located on the corner of streets Národní and Mikulandská in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic.It contains the most expensive offices in the city and also some shops and restaurants.