Princess Alice of the United Kingdom VA CI (Alice Maud Mary; 25 April 1843 – 14 December 1878) was the Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine from 1877 to 1878. She was the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Alice was the first of Queen Victoria's nine children to die, and one of three to be outlived by their ...
- Early life
Alice was born on 25 April 1843 at Buckingham Palace in...
Alice's matrimonial plans were begun in 1860 by her mother....
- Princess Louis of Hesse
Alice and Louis arrived at Bingen on 12 July 1862 and were...
- Early life
The Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary: Princess Louis and Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878) was the second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. In 1861, she acted as the nurse to her dying father, and became interested in nursing.
Princess Alice of Battenberg (Victoria Alice Elizabeth Julia Marie; 25 February 1885 – 5 December 1969) was the mother of Prince Philip and mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II . A great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, she was born in Windsor Castle and grew up in Great Britain, Germany and Malta. A Hessian princess by birth, she was a member of the Battenberg family, a morganatic branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt.
- Early Life
- Princess Louis of Hesse
- Later Life
- Titles, Styles, Honours and Arms
Alice was born on 25 April 1843 at Buckingham Palace, London. She was the second daughter and third child of the British monarch, Queen Victoria, and her husband Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She was named Alice to honour Victoria's first Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne. He was still a passionate admirer of the Queen and he once said that the name "Alice" was his favourite female name. Maud, the Anglo-Saxon name for Matilda, was chosen in honour of one of Alice's godparents, Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester, the niece of King George III. Mary was chosen because Alice was born on the same day as her great-aunt, Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester. Alice was christened in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace by William Howley, the Archbishop of Canterbury, on 3 June 1843. Her gender was greeted with a mixture of feeling from the public. even the Privy Council sent a message to Albert expressing its "congratulation and condolence" on the birth of a second daughter. Th...
Alice's mother started to plan a marriage in 1860. Queen Victoria had expressed her wish that her children should marry for love. However, this did not mean that her choice of suitors was extended to anybody outside the royal houses of Europe. The Queen instructed her daughter Victoria, Crown Princess of Prussia to create a list of Princes in Europe. Her search had only two suitable candidates as a result: William, Prince of Orange and Prince Albert of Prussia. The latter was the cousin to Vi...
Engagement and wedding
Alice was engaged to Prince Louis of Hesse on 30 April 1861, following the Queen's consent. The Queen convinced the Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, to vote Alice a dowry of £30,000. Although the amount was considered generous at the time, Prince Albert remarked that "she will not be able to do great things with it" in the little kingdom of Hesse, compared to the riches that her sister Vicky would inherit as future Queen of Prussia and German Empress. Furthermore, the couple's future home in...
Tragedy befell Alice on 29 May 1873, when her youngest and favourite son, Friedrich, called "Frittie", died after falling 20 feet from a window. The child suffered from haemophilia, and although he regained consciousness, the internal bleeding could not be stopped. Alice never recovered from Frittie's death, writing to her mother two months later: "I am glad you have a little coloured picture of my darling. I feel lower and sadder than ever and miss him so much, so continually." However, the Queen's attention was more focused on her son Prince Alfred's engagement to the Grand Duchess Marie of Russia. The Tsar had refused to present his daughter for pre-marriage inspection in England, and instead invited the Queen to meet the family in Germany. Alice supported this suggestion, and on the same day she wrote the Queen about how much she missed Frittie, the Queen wrote Alice in scathing terms: "You have entirely taken the Russian side, and I do not think, dear child, that you should tel...
Alice's death had an emotional effect both in Britain and Hesse. The Times wrote: "The humblest of people felt that they had the kinship of nature with a Princess who was the model of family virtue as a daughter, a sister, a wife and a mother... Her abundant sympathies sought for objects of help in the great unknown waste of human distress". The Illustrated London News wrote that the "lesson of the late Princess's life is as noble as it is obvious. Moral worth is far more important than high position". The Times and the Morning Post printed more comments in black borders. The death was also heavily felt by the royal family, especially by Alice's brother and sister-in-law, the Prince and Princess of Wales. The Princess of Wales exclaimed "I wish I had died instead of her". The Prince, meanwhile, wrote to the Earl of Granvillethat Alice "was my favourite sister. So good, so kind, so clever! We had gone through so much together..." Queen Victoria, shocked by grief, wrote to her daughte...
Titles and styles
1. 25 April 1843 – 1 July 1862: Her Royal HighnessThe Princess Alice 2. 1 July 1862 – 13 June 1877: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Louis of Hesse and by Rhine 3. 13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878: Her Royal HighnessThe Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
1. 1 January 1878: Companion of the Order of the Crown of India
In 1858, Alice and her three younger sisters were granted use of the royal arms, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony, and differenced by a label argent of three points. On Alice's arms, the outer points were ermine, and the centre bore a rose gules.Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse, Letters to Her Majesty the Queen. London: John Murray. 1885.Noel, Gerard (1985). Princess Alice: Queen Victoria's forgotten daughter. London: Constable and Company Limited. ISBN 0-09-465980-X.Packard, Jerrold M. (1998). Victoria's Daughters. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0-312-24496-7.
- Early Life
- Marriage and Issue
- South Africa
- World War II and Canada
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Princess Alice was born 25 February 1883 at Windsor Castle. Her father was Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, the youngest son of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort. Her mother was Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont. She had one brother, Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany (1884–1954) who was reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1900–1918). As the granddaughter of the Sovereign through the male line, she was a Princess of the United Kingdom and a Royal Highness. As the daughter of the Duke of Albany, she was, therefore, styled Her Royal Highness Princess Alice of Albany.
On 10 February 1904, at St George's Chapel, Windsor, Princess Alice of Albany married her second cousin once-removed, Prince Alexander of Teck, the brother of Queen Mary. After their marriage, Princess Alice was styled HRH Princess Alexander of Teck. Prince and Princess Alexander of Teck had three children: Princess Alice was one of the carriers of the gene for haemophilia which arose with Queen Victoria. Princess Alice inherited the gene from her father who himself was a sufferer. Her eldest son, Rupert, inherited the disease from her; this led to his early death following an automobile accident.
The Earl was appointed Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and served from 1924-31: Princess Alice accompanied him and was the Vicereine during that period. Lord and Lady Athlone had a coastal beach house constructed at Muizenberg, which still stands today and is one of South Africa's national monuments. The Cape Town Suburb of Athlone was named in honour of the Governor-General and it and the beach house are the only physical reminder of the Athlones' residence at the Cape.
On the sudden death of the very popular John Buchan in 1940 Canada was without a Governor General in time of war. For a long time Canadian governments had intended appointing only Canadians as governors general — Australia had long since done so with the appointment of Sir Isaac Isaacsas its governor general. But wartime did not seem the right time for such a move. As the Royal Family had got a lot of public support during the Royal Tour of 1939, Lord Athlone seemed a very good candidate. He was Queen Mary's brother (and thus the King's uncle) and a former governor general of another of His Majesty's Dominions and Mackenzie King advised the King to appoint him. Princess Alice accompanied her husband to Canada where he was Governor Generalfrom 1940–1946. It does not appear that the Athlones left any lasting mark in Canada, or indeed conducted any public works, delivered any speeches or performed any works of lasting value, though photos of the Earl with Roosevelt, Churchilland Macken...
In her lifetime, Princess Alice carried out many Royal duties. Apart from her normal duties as Vicereine of South Africa and then Canada, she attended the Coronations of four monarchs: Edward VII, George V, George VI, and Elizabeth II. She was also the Colonel-in-Chief of two British Army units and one Rhodesian Army unit. During the Second World War, she was Honorary Air Commandant of the Royal Canadian Air Force Women's Division. In 1950, she became the first Chancellor of the University of the West Indies (then the University College of the West Indies). From the 1930s-60s she was Chair of the Council (governing body) of Royal Holloway College, University of London.
The Earl of Athlone died in 1957 at Kensington Palace in London. Princess Alice lived on there until 1981, when she died at age 97 years and 313 days. At her death, she was the longest-lived British Princess of the Blood Royal and the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria. Her funeral took place in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, attended by all members of the Royal Family. She is buried alongside her husband and son in the private British Royal Burial Grounds at Frogmore, directly behind the mausoleum of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, in Windsor Great Park. Her daughter and son-in-law are also buried close by. She lived through six reigns:- Victoria (grandmother), Edward VII (uncle), George V (cousin and brother-in-law), Edward VIII (nephew), George VI (nephew) and Elizabeth II(grand-niece).
Titles and styles
1. 25 February 1883 – 10 February 1904: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Alice of Albany 2. 10 February 1904 – 14 July 1917: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Alexander of Teck 3. 14 July 1917 – July 1917: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Alice, The Honourable Lady Cambridge 4. July 1917 – 3 January 1981: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Alice, Countess of Athlone
1. GCVO: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order 2. GBE: Dame Grand Cross of the British Empire 3. VA: Lady of the Order of Victoria and Albert 4. Royal Family Order of King Edward VII 5. Royal Family Order of King George V 6. Royal Family Order of King George VI 7. Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
As a granddaughter of Queen Victoria in the male line, Princess Alice was entitled to use the Royal Arms, with a 5-point label as a difference, the central point bearing a cross gules, the others hearts gules. Until George V's warrant of 1917, her arms, like all those of Prince Albert's British royal descendants, bore an inescutcheon for Saxony.regiments.org listing of honours and military titles Archived 2008-01-03 at the Wayback Machine
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Princess Alice was born on April 25, 1843 at Buckingham Palace as the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. But her birth was not a happy occasion. After the queen’s second-born son Edward, the public were eagerly awaiting another boy.
Prinzessin Alice des fähigens VA CI (Alice Maud Mary; 25. April 1843 - 14. Dezember 1878) Krieg von 1877 bis 1878 sterben Großherzogin von Hessen und von Rhein .
princezna Alice Spojeného království VA CI (Alice Maud Mary ; 25. dubna 1843 - 14. prosince 1878) byla velkovévodkyně z Hesenska a Rýna od roku 1877 do roku 1878. Byla třetími dětmi a druhou dcerou královny Viktorie a kníže Albert , na svém základě byla spřízněna s mnoha významnými panovníky v celé Evropě.
Princess Irene Luise Marie Anne of Hesse and by Rhine (11 July 1866 – 11 November 1953) was the third child and third daughter of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom and Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine. Her maternal grandparents were Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.