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  1. Anne of Denmark ( Danish: Anna; 12 December 1574 – 2 March 1619) was the wife of King James VI and I, and as such Queen of Scotland from their marriage on 20 August 1589 and Queen of England and Ireland from 24 March 1603 until her death in 1619. The second daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark, Anne married James at age 14.

  2. Queen Sofía of Spain (born 2 November 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family, who was Queen of Spain from 1975 to 2014 as the wife of King Juan Carlos I.Born Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Σοφία), she is the first child of King Paul of Greece and Frederica of Hanover.

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    • September 1589
    • A Queen Delayed by Contrary Winds
    • Preparations For The Return
    • Arrival at Leith
    • The Coronation
    • Entry to Edinburgh
    • The Danish Party
    • Texts and Publications

    On 30 August 1589 James VI declared to the commissioners of his burgh towns that his marriage negotiations were concluded, and his bride Anne of Denmark was expected to arrive in Scotland. She would be accompanied by Danish aristocrats and dignitaries. James VI wanted the towns to advance £20,000 Scotsfor entertaining the new queen and her entourage. In September and October 1589 James VI waited for Anne of Denmark at Seton Palace and at Craigmillar Castle. where he decided to sail to Norway after receiving Anne's letters. There are records for preparations and directions for the queen's arrival from these months made by Edinburgh town and the royal wardrobe. Six velvet saddles and two saddles of "lustered crêpe" were ordered for the queen's entourage, with costumes for two pages and two lackeys. James VI wrote to his nobles and gentry on 30 August 1589 to send food from their estates for Anne's reception, asking the Laird of Arbuthnott and Sir Patrick Vans of Barnbarroch to provide...

    While waiting for his bride, James VI composed a series of love poems in Scots now known as the Amatoria.He decided to go to Norway himself after he received letters from Anna of Denmark saying she had been delayed from setting out and would not try again. On 3 October Anna had written, in French; Anne's mother Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and her brother Christian IV sent similar letters. James VI had already made his decision. On account of the "sundrie contrarious windis" that delayed the Danish fleet, on 11 October James VI asked East coast mariners and ship masters to come to Leith. James VI sailed with six ships hired from owners including Robert Jameson. He met the queen at Oslo, and returned with her to the Danish court. He later worked his experiences of the voyage and winter weather, and desire for his bride, into several sonnets.The storms were blamed on witchcraft, a sentiment echoed in international correspondence. One of the women accused at the North Berwick Witch Tr...

    James VI sent instructions for his welcome with the master of work William Schaw, who was to repair the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Schaw received £1000 to spend on the palace from taxes raised in Edinburgh. He also gave orders for five ships to be provided for the return voyage to Scotland. The ships were to be decorated with ensigns, flags, war-streamers of red taffeta, red side cloths, and decked tops with colours of red and yellow, ready to depart from the Firth by the 1 April 1590. An account for the expenses of the James Royall of Ayrreveals that the flags and side cloths cost over £500. James VI sent a list of who should form the welcoming party at Leith, and the food and drink required to entertain his Danish guests. On 19 February 1590, James VI wrote from Kronborgto his Privy Council, urging them to keep good order in Scotland and forward the preparations, for his "comming hame, God willing, draws neire ... a King of Scotland with a newe married Wife will not come hame every...

    Anne of Denmark and James VI arrived at Leith on 1 May 1590. James VI presented the skipper of Admiral Munk's ship, the pilots, and the trumpeters, violers and kettle drummers at the Shore with forty gold rose noble coins, accounted from his dowry. Anna of Denmark was welcomed by speeches to her lodging on the first floor of the King's Wark, where she stayed for five days. A speech of welcome was made by James Elphinstone. A bonfire was lit that night on the Salisbury Crags of Arthur's Seatfuelled with ten loads of coal and six barrels of tar. They left Leith for Edinburgh on 6 May 1590, travelling in procession up Easter Road. The King led, riding with his earls, the queen riding behind in a coach shipped from Denmark, accompanied by the three Scottish earls chosen as companions to the Danish envoys. Edinburgh town had made plans for a bonfire on the side of Calton Hill for this procession.Above all, the Danish coach drew the onlooker's attention, "richly apparelled with cloth of g...

    The Coronation took place on Sunday 17 May 1590 in Holyrood Abbey. Fifteen men were knighted before the ceremony including; James Douglas of Drumlanrig, Robert Ker of Cessford, Walter Scott of Buccleuch, Robert Gordon of Lochinvar, John Cockburn of Ormiston, and Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy. Robert Bruce was the minister. William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus carried the sword of state into the church, Lord Hamilton the sceptre, and the Duke of Lennoxcarried the king's crown. James VI entered the church with five earls walking behind holding the tails of his purple cloak. John Maitland, newly made Lord Crichton followed with the queen's crown. Anna was next, with the English ambassador Robert Bowes at her right hand, and the Danish admiral Peder Munk at her left. Eleanor Musgrave, Bowes's wife, and three Scottish countesses held the queen's train; Annabell Murray, Countess of Mar, Margaret Douglas, Countess of Bothwell and Jean Kennedy, Countess of Orkney. Behind them walked Jean Flem...

    West Port

    The "Entry" took place on Tuesday 19 May 1590. The queen entered the town at the West Port, a gate to the west part of Edinburgh, west of the Grassmarket. The town gate was decorated with tapestry and above the roadway there was a platform for musicians. A globe was lowered to the queen's coach; it opened to reveal a boy dressed in red velvet with a white taffeta cloak. He gave the queen a Bible, a key to the city, and a jewel, while reciting a verse. The globe, which had been borrowed from D...

    The Convoy of the Moors

    As part of the ceremony, when Anne of Denmark was in the town, fifty people walked in front of her coach, to make way through the crowds. Some wore masks of the colour of the base matals: lead, copper, or iron. Some had blackened their faces and arms, others had black sleeves and gloves, and they wore black ankle boots with white buskins or leggings on their calves. These were young men from Edinburgh representing African people, described at the time as "Moors". The leader of this group was...

    The Horoscope

    Anna progressed in her coach under a canopy called the "paill" up the narrow street from the Grassmarket called the West Bow, where a boy with mathematical instruments played the female personification of Astronomy, "Astronomia" or "Astrologia", reciting Anne's fortune and the children she would bear in Latin verse composed by the schoolmaster Hercules Rollock. The actor predicted a hail storm and white sugar sweets were thrown from the windows of houses overlooking the scene, near Riddle's C...

    Danish gentlemen in Edinburgh included the councillors: Admiral Peder Munk, Steen Brahe, Breide Rantzau, and Dr Nicolaus Theophilus; and the gentlemen: Ove Liunge, Jørgen Brahe (1553-1601), Hannibal Gyldenstierne of Restrup (1548-1608), Henning Giøye (marshal), Anders Thot, Steen Biter, Jakob Krabbe, Erik Kaas, Christian Friis, Cirsysest Tinshome, Bekis Linffinkit, Henning Reventlow (1551-1624), and "Pachin Webenn" or Joachim von Veltheim (1564-1621) from Braunschweig. The officers of the ships included: Peder Munk, the admiral on the Gideon; Steen Madsen his lieutenant; Henrik Gyldenstierne the vice-admiral on the Josaphad with his lieutenant, Hans Concellour; Alexander Duram of the Raphael with his lieutenant Klaus Bold; Neils Skink of the Gabriel with his lieutenant Jakob Trugard; Hans Rostok of the Dove with Ove Winshour; Kild Bauld of the Blue Lion; Herwick Braun of the Little Sertoun; Hans Symonsoun of the Mouse; John Syde, captain of the Rose; Jørgen Mowst of the Falcon of Bi...

    Several contemporary descriptions of the events exist, but the above description is taken mostly from a Danish account, not published until 1852. Some verses in Scots and Latin were printed. John Burrell's poem was included in a volume printed by Robert Waldegrave dedicated to the Duke of Lennox. Waldegrave also printed the Schediasmata de Nuptiis serenissimi potentissimique Scot. Regis Iacobi VI (Edinburgh, 1590) by Adrian Damman van Bisterfeld, a resident diplomat of the United Provinces. Hercules Rollock was the schoolmaster of Edinburgh High School. He was credited with writing the verses on astrology and good fortune, which survive only in a Danish translation, and he would have been involved in writing, planning and rehearsing the Entry, which featured his pupils as pageant actors. His poem on the marriage De avgvstissimo Iacobi 6. Scotorum Regis, & Annæ Frederici 2.had been published in 1589. The father of the boy who presented the keys to Anna at the West Port was the lawyer...

  4. Margrethe II (Danish: [mɑˈkʁeˀtə]; Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid, born 16 April 1940) is Queen of Denmark and commander-in-chief of the Danish Defence.. Born into the House of Glücksburg a cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg, Margrethe is the eldest child of Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden.

  5. Princess Anna Of Denmark 1574-1619 Spouses and children Married 13 June 1625, St. Augustine's Church, Canterbury, England, to Princess Henriette Of France 1609-1669 (Parents : King Henry IV Of France 1553-1610 & Maria De' Medici 1573-1643 ) with

  6. Princess Pauline was a first cousin of: Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, and Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, and senior Nazi Party members Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Princess Pauline was indicted by a United States Military Government court for "having concealed ...