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  1. Anne of Denmark (Danish: Anna; 12 December 1574 – 2 March 1619) was the wife of King James VI and I, and as such Queen of Scotland from their marriage on 20 August 1589 and Queen of England and Ireland from 24 March 1603 until her death in 1619. The second daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark, Anne married James at age 14.

  2. Queen Sofía of Spain (born 2 November 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family, who was Queen of Spain from 1975 to 2014 as the wife of King Juan Carlos I.Born Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Σοφία), she is the first child of King Paul of Greece and Frederica of Hanover.

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    • September 1589
    • A Queen Delayed by Contrary Winds
    • Preparations For The Return
    • Arrival at Leith
    • The Coronation
    • Entry to Edinburgh
    • The Danish Party
    • Texts and Publications

    On 30 August 1589 James VI declared to the commissioners of his burgh towns that his marriage negotiations were concluded, and his bride Anne of Denmark was expected to arrive in Scotland. She would be accompanied by Danish aristocrats and dignitaries. James VI wanted the towns to advance £20,000 Scotsfor entertaining the new queen and her entourage. In September and October 1589 James VI waited for Anne of Denmark at Seton Palace and at Craigmillar Castle. where he decided to sail to Norway after receiving Anne's letters. There are records for preparations and directions for the queen's arrival from these months made by Edinburgh town and the royal wardrobe. Six velvet saddles and two saddles of "lustered crêpe" were ordered for the queen's entourage, with costumes for two pages and two lackeys. James VI wrote to his nobles and gentry on 30 August 1589 to send food from their estates for Anne's reception, asking the Laird of Arbuthnott and Sir Patrick Vans of Barnbarroch to provide...

    While waiting for his bride, James VI composed a series of love poems in Scots now known as the Amatoria.He decided to go to Norway himself after he received letters from Anna of Denmark saying she had been delayed from setting out and would not try again. On 3 October Anna had written, in French; Anne's mother Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and her brother Christian IV sent similar letters. James VI had already made his decision. On account of the "sundrie contrarious windis" that delayed the Danish fleet, on 11 October James VI asked East coast mariners and ship masters to come to Leith. James VI sailed with six ships hired from owners including Robert Jameson. He met the queen at Oslo, and returned with her to the Danish court. He later worked his experiences of the voyage and winter weather, and desire for his bride, into several sonnets.The storms were blamed on witchcraft, a sentiment echoed in international correspondence. One of the women accused at the North Berwick Witch Tr...

    James VI sent instructions for his welcome with the master of work William Schaw, who was to repair the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Schaw received £1000 to spend on the palace from taxes raised in Edinburgh. He also gave orders for five ships to be provided for the return voyage to Scotland. The ships were to be decorated with ensigns, flags, war-streamers of red taffeta, red side cloths, and decked tops with colours of red and yellow, ready to depart from the Firth by the 1 April 1590. An account for the expenses of the James Royall of Ayrreveals that the flags and side cloths cost over £500. James VI sent a list of who should form the welcoming party at Leith, and the food and drink required to entertain his Danish guests. On 19 February 1590, James VI wrote from Kronborgto his Privy Council, urging them to keep good order in Scotland and forward the preparations, for his "comming hame, God willing, draws neire ... a King of Scotland with a newe married Wife will not come hame every...

    Anne of Denmark and James VI arrived at Leith on 1 May 1590. James VI presented the skipper of Admiral Munk's ship, the pilots, and the trumpeters, violers and kettle drummers at the Shore with forty gold rose noble coins, accounted from his dowry. Anna of Denmark was welcomed by speeches to her lodging on the first floor of the King's Wark, where she stayed for five days. A speech of welcome was made by James Elphinstone. A bonfire was lit that night on the Salisbury Crags of Arthur's Seatfuelled with ten loads of coal and six barrels of tar. They left Leith for Edinburgh on 6 May 1590, travelling in procession up Easter Road. The King led, riding with his earls, the queen riding behind in a coach shipped from Denmark, accompanied by the three Scottish earls chosen as companions to the Danish envoys. Edinburgh town had made plans for a bonfire on the side of Calton Hill for this procession.Above all, the Danish coach drew the onlooker's attention, "richly apparelled with cloth of g...

    The Coronation took place on Sunday 17 May 1590 in Holyrood Abbey. Fifteen men were knighted before the ceremony including; James Douglas of Drumlanrig, Robert Ker of Cessford, Walter Scott of Buccleuch, Robert Gordon of Lochinvar, John Cockburn of Ormiston, and Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy. Robert Bruce was the minister. William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus carried the sword of state into the church, Lord Hamilton the sceptre, and the Duke of Lennoxcarried the king's crown. James VI entered the church with five earls walking behind holding the tails of his purple cloak. John Maitland, newly made Lord Crichton followed with the queen's crown. Anna was next, with the English ambassador Robert Bowes at her right hand, and the Danish admiral Peder Munk at her left. Eleanor Musgrave, Bowes's wife, and three Scottish countesses held the queen's train; Annabell Murray, Countess of Mar, Margaret Douglas, Countess of Bothwell and Jean Kennedy, Countess of Orkney. Behind them walked Jean Flem...

    West Port

    The "Entry" took place on Tuesday 19 May 1590. The queen entered the town at the West Port, a gate to the west part of Edinburgh, west of the Grassmarket. The town gate was decorated with tapestry and above the roadway there was a platform for musicians. A globe was lowered to the queen's coach; it opened to reveal a boy dressed in red velvet with a white taffeta cloak. He gave the queen a Bible, a key to the city, and a jewel, while reciting a verse. The globe, which had been borrowed from D...

    The Convoy of the Moors

    As part of the ceremony, when Anne of Denmark was in the town, fifty people walked in front of her coach, to make way through the crowds. Some wore masks of the colour of the base matals: lead, copper, or iron. Some had blackened their faces and arms, others had black sleeves and gloves, and they wore black ankle boots with white buskins or leggings on their calves. These were young men from Edinburgh representing African people, described at the time as "Moors". The leader of this group was...

    The Horoscope

    Anna progressed in her coach under a canopy called the "paill" up the narrow street from the Grassmarket called the West Bow, where a boy with mathematical instruments played the female personification of Astronomy, "Astronomia" or "Astrologia", reciting Anne's fortune and the children she would bear in Latin verse composed by the schoolmaster Hercules Rollock. The actor predicted a hail storm and white sugar sweets were thrown from the windows of houses overlooking the scene, near Riddle's C...

    Danish gentlemen in Edinburgh included the councillors: Admiral Peder Munk, Steen Brahe, Breide Rantzau, and Dr Nicolaus Theophilus; and the gentlemen: Ove Liunge, Jørgen Brahe (1553-1601), Hannibal Gyldenstierne of Restrup (1548-1608), Henning Giøye (marshal), Anders Thot, Steen Biter, Jakob Krabbe, Erik Kaas, Christian Friis, Cirsysest Tinshome, Bekis Linffinkit, Henning Reventlow (1551-1624), and "Pachin Webenn" or Joachim von Veltheim (1564-1621) from Braunschweig. The officers of the ships included: Peder Munk, the admiral on the Gideon; Steen Madsen his lieutenant; Henrik Gyldenstierne the vice-admiral on the Josaphad with his lieutenant, Hans Concellour; Alexander Duram of the Raphael with his lieutenant Klaus Bold; Neils Skink of the Gabriel with his lieutenant Jakob Trugard; Hans Rostok of the Dove with Ove Winshour; Kild Bauld of the Blue Lion; Herwick Braun of the Little Sertoun; Hans Symonsoun of the Mouse; John Syde, captain of the Rose; Jørgen Mowst of the Falcon of Bi...

    Several contemporary descriptions of the events exist, but the above description is taken mostly from a Danish account, not published until 1852. Some verses in Scots and Latin were printed. John Burrell's poem was included in a volume printed by Robert Waldegrave dedicated to the Duke of Lennox. Waldegrave also printed the Schediasmata de Nuptiis serenissimi potentissimique Scot. Regis Iacobi VI (Edinburgh, 1590) by Adrian Damman van Bisterfeld, a resident diplomat of the United Provinces. Hercules Rollock was the schoolmaster of Edinburgh High School. He was credited with writing the verses on astrology and good fortune, which survive only in a Danish translation, and he would have been involved in writing, planning and rehearsing the Entry, which featured his pupils as pageant actors. His poem on the marriage De avgvstissimo Iacobi 6. Scotorum Regis, & Annæ Frederici 2.had been published in 1589. The father of the boy who presented the keys to Anna at the West Port was the lawyer...

    • Goldsmiths and Jewellers
    • The Inventory of 1606
    • A Ruby from The Mirror of Great Britain
    • Jewels, Drawings, and Arthur Bodren
    • Disposal of A Royal Collection
    • External Links

    James VI and Anne of Denmark were married by proxy in August 1589 and in person when they met at Oslo. Lord Dingwall and the King's proxy, the Earl Marischal bought a jewel in Denmark, given to her at "the time of the contracting of the marriage". A diamond ring was involved in these ceremonies, described as "a great ring of gold enamelled set with five diamonds, hand in hand in the midst, called the espousall ring of Denmark". This ring, and a gold jewel with the crowned initials "J.A.R" picked out in diamonds, were earmarked as important Scottish jewels and brought to England by King James in 1603, in the keeping of his favourite, Sir George Home. While he was in Denmark, James VI ordered his chancellor, John Maitland of Thirlestane to give jewels to Christian IV and his mother Sophie of Mecklenburg, to other royals at the wedding of Elisabeth of Denmark and Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg on 19 April 1590, and to the admiral Peder Munk. These gifts included four great ta...

    The inventory is held by the National Library of Scotland and includes over 400 items, including pieces inherited from Queen Elizabeth, and gifts from King James and Christian IV. It is not clear if any of the jewels had belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. The inventory lists the jewels as they were kept, in numbered chests with individual index letters. Contemporary notes added to the inventory record that many pieces were broken up to provide gems to set in tableware. Such pieces were often given to ambassadors as gifts. A necklace of knots of pearls, some set with rubies, was given to the queen's daughter Princess Mary. After the child's death it was given to her nurse. A "feather" jewel with seven spriggs was deprecated because its stones were topazes set in imitation of diamonds and its pearls, though "fair and round", were Scottish. A note in the inventory shows that when it was dismantled for its gold the topazes were kept back to show the queen.Diamonds were taken from three b...

    King James gave Anne of Denmark the ruby from the jewel known as the 'Mirror of Great Britain' as a New Year's Day gift in January 1608 set in an aigrette with twenty eight small diamonds. The ruby may have been replaced by a diamond to make the 'Mirror of Great Britain' into a symmetric jewel, like the hat badge of King James later drawn by Thomas Cletcher.Contarini noted King James wearing a hat badge with 'five diamonds of extraordinary size' at dinner in February 1610, perhaps the 'Mirror of Great Britain' in this alternative configuration.

    A note in the inventory mentions that Anne of Denmark came to the Jewel House herself on 21 July 1610 to select jewels. A letter dated 23 August 1618 gives an insight into the commissioning of jewels and the re-use of old pieces. It was sent by an unknown courtier to Arthur Bodren, a French servant and page of the bedchamber to Anne of Denmark who kept accounts. He gave money to Inigo Jones for the queen's building works at Greenwich and Oatlands.George Heriot delivered "little things" for the queen to "Arthur Bodrane" of the bedchamber. The writer had received a message and a "pattern", a drawing, made by Mr Halle for a new jewel. He went to the royal Jewel House to find suitable jewels and rubies to use in the new piece. An old diamond bracelet had the right size stones, but Nicasius Russellhad already taken any suitable rubies to set in gold plate for the table. He found a "border", with larger diamonds to send to the queen for approval. Halle told him that would please the queen...

    Jewels and lockets that were gifts from Anne of Denmark are mentioned in wills and inventories. In 1640 the Laird of Glenorchy at Balloch Castle had a "round jewell of gold sett with precious stanes conteining twentie nyne diamonds and four great rubbies, quhilk [which] Queene Anna of worthie memorie Queene of Great Britane France and Irland gave to umquhill [the late] Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy. Item ane gold ring sett with ane great diamond schapine [shaped] lyke a heart and four uther small diamonds, quhilk the said Queene Anna of worthie memorie gave to the said Sir Duncane".Anne of Denmark sent the "round jewel" to the Laird of Glenorchy in 1607 to wear in his hat. She did not leave a will bequeathing her jewels. In the years before her death, Prince Charles asked her to make her will, leaving her jewels to him, which did not please King James at all. The lawyer Edward Coke made a note at Denmark House on 19 January 1619 that she wished her "rich stuff, jewels, and plat...

  4. Princess Anna Of Denmark 1574-1619 Spouses and children Married 13 June 1625, St. Augustine's Church, Canterbury, England, to Princess Henriette Of France 1609-1669 (Parents : King Henry IV Of France 1553-1610 & Maria De' Medici 1573-1643 ) with

    • Overview
    • Semi-legendary Danish monarchs
    • Footnotes

    Royal Banner of the Kings of Denmark (circa 1300s). Denmark This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Denmark Constitution Monarchy The Crown (List) Margrethe II Council of State Executive Cabinet of Denmark Current cabinet Prime Minister (List) Helle Thorning-Schmidt Judiciary Courts Supreme Court Legislature Folketing Speaker Mogens Lykketoft Political parties Elections Parliamentary elections 2001 · 2005 · 2007 · 2011 Subdivisions Administrative divisions Regions...

    See also: List of legendary kings of Denmark The Sigtrygg Runestones of the "House of Olaf": was raised after king Sigtrygg by his mother. 934 AD. Chochilaicus—see Hugleik and Hygelac—c. 515 AD, First Danish King mentioned by Gregory of Tours (538–594). Hugleik, according to the written sources suffered a defeat in 515 during a naval expedition to the Frankish Empire. Hugleik is the first Danish king mentioned in European sources. Ongendus (Angantyr): c. 710 Saint Willibrord wrote ...

    ^ "Nordic FAQ - 3 of 7 - DENMARKSection - 3.3 History". Faqs.org. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/nordic-faq/part3_DENMARK/section-2.html. Retrieved 11 December 2014. ^ "TimeRime.com - Danmarks tilblivelse timeline". Timerime.com. http://timerime.com/en/event/1075827/Kong+Chochillaicus/. Retrieved 11 December 2014. ^ Fokus 1. Fra Antikken Til Reformationen. Books.google.dk. https://books.google.com/books?id=pZ1qy07lmksC&pg=PA65. Retrieved 11 December 2014. ^ "De første Daner-konger ...