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  1. Flags of the U.S. states and territories - Wikipedia

    5 days ago · Map showing the current flags of 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the 5 major U.S. territories. The Mississippi state legislature voted on June 28, 2020, to replace their flag with one that does not include the Confederate battle flag emblem. A new design was approved via ballot measure on November 3, 2020.

  2. List of states and territories of the United States by population

    Map of population change in United States of America, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories from 2010 to 2019. The United States Census counts total persons residing in the United States including citizens , non-citizen permanent residents , and non-citizen long-term visitors. [2]

  3. Mid-Atlantic (United States) - Wikipedia

    After the American Revolution, the Mid-Atlantic region hosted each of the historic capitals of the United States, including the current federal capital, Washington, D.C. In the early part of the 19th century, New York and Pennsylvania overtook Virginia as the most populous states and the New England states as the country's most important ...

  4. List of demonyms for US states and territories - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · This is a list of official and notable unofficial terms used to designate the citizens of specific states, federal district, and territories of the United States of America.

  5. Timeline of geopolitical changes (1900−present) - Wikipedia

    6 days ago · The United States removes its claims over Pukapuka, Manihiki, Penrhyn, and Rakahanga, ending its territorial dispute with the Cook Islands. 3 September: The United States removes its claims over Atafu, Fakaofo, and Nukunono, ending part of its territorial dispute with Tokelau. 21 March: Ivory Coast moves its capital from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro.

  6. 6 days ago · Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The information has been carefully selected and compiled from UNHCR's global network of field ...

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  8. Refworld | Country Fact Sheet - Haiti

    Nov 18, 2020 · United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) and Country RankB. Value: 0.482/1 (2004) Rank: 154 out of 177 countries (2004) United Nations Gender-Related Development Index (GDI) and Country RankC. Information not available in the sources consulted. Population below the national poverty line. 80% (2003 estimate)

  9. Refworld | 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report - China

    Nov 18, 2020 · Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The information has been carefully selected and compiled from UNHCR's global network of field ...

  10. Refworld | Shaping a New Peace in Pakistan's Tribal Areas
    • I. Overview
    • II. Peace in Fata: Real Or Imagined?
    • III. Mobilising Fata's Civil Society
    • IV. Reforming Fata
    • v. Moving Forward
    • VI. Conclusion

    On 24 May, Pakistan's National Assembly passed the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) Reforms Bill, merging FATA, a mountainous belt along the Afghan border, with adjacent Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Previously, the federal government had directly administered FATA through colonial-era laws that deprived locals of rights and subjected them to harsh punishment. Inept and repressive governance, together with the Pakistani military's use of FATA as a haven for jihadist proxies, have long made those areas vulnerable to militancy and conflict. By formally incorporating FATA into Pakistan's constitutional mainstream, the Reforms Bill took a major step forward. But more must be done to stabilise the tribal borderlands. In particular, the newly elected governments in Islamabad and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, led by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf, should establish a legal and administrative system that delivers justice and services. The military should lift arbitrary restrictions on movement with...

    A week after an 8 June 2014 jihadist attack on Karachi's Jinnah International Airport, the Pakistan military launched an operation called Zarb-e-Azb (Quick Strike) in North Waziristan. Following earlier operations that ostensibly had cleared other parts of the tribal belt, Zarb-e-Azb's purpose was to eradicate the last vestiges of militant activity in FATA.Given continuing restrictions on travel to the tribal agencies, this briefing, which analyses the process and current state of FATA reform, is based on interviews with FATA and Pashtun political and civil society stakeholders mainly in the federal capital Islamabad and in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's capital Peshawar, the two cities where these actors engage most actively with the government, donors and each other. The interviews were conducted in the period January-June 2018. For earlier analysis of FATA's security and governance challenges, see Crisis Group Asia Reports N°178, Pakistan: Countering Militancy in FATA, 21 October 2009; 164...

    Given the constraints on freedoms of expression and association, lack of legal recourse, widespread insecurity and the military's intrusive monitoring, FATA's civil society has long struggled to articulate public demands.[fn]Crisis Group interview, NGO representatives, Islamabad, Peshawar, March-April 2018.Maliks, or tribal elders, also obstruct political and social mobilisation. Appointed by the federal bureaucracy, and often enjoying only limited local support, they are a main beneficiary of FATA's status quo, including from the flourishing black economy.[fn]Emphasising that resistance to reform did not come from FATA's residents, a well-informed Khyber Pakhtunkhwa politician commented: "The political agents [federal bureaucrats] and military commanders based in FATA and ruling it in collaboration with a small local elite" that has "a strong vested interest in the huge black economy have obviously resisted reforms under one pretext or other". Afrasiab Khattak, "Pantomime of FATA r...

    FATA reform was part of the National Action Plan against terrorism formulated after the December 2014 Peshawar Army Public School attack, an implicit recognition that FATA's tenuous governance had contributed in large part to the spread of militancy. This effort built on an existing consensus among almost all major parties on the importance of extending the state's reach and dispelling local grievances in FATA.[fn]Earlier reform efforts by Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) governments included extending the adult franchise to FATA in 1996-1997 and allowing political parties to operate there while also removing some of the Frontier Crimes Regulations' more egregious elements in 2011. Crisis Group Report, Countering Militancy in FATA, op. cit.; "Far-reaching FATA reforms unveiled", Dawn, 14 August 2011. In November 2015, then-prime minister Nawaz Sharif established a committee on FATA reforms, chaired by his foreign affairs adviser Sartaj Aziz. The committee produced a report in August 201...

    The 31st amendment is a welcome step forward. In the words of one major daily newspaper's editorial: "History has been made. FATA is no more … the people of the region now have formal access to the constitutional and political rights that are legally available to all citizens of Pakistan".[fn]Editorial, "Fata's historical transition", Dawn, 29 May 2018.Yet much more needs to be done to end FATA's political and economic isolation, reverse policies that have eroded rights and livelihoods, and prevent militants from taking advantage of disaffection.[fn]A member of FATA's youth forum said, "at least if we're now asked where we are from, we can say Pakhtunkhwa and not a region that lay beyond the pale in Pakistan". Crisis Group interview, Islamabad, June 2018.So long as the military maintains arbitrary restrictions on movement, elected representatives, journalists and civil society activists will be unable to assess the implementation of reforms. The military and civil bureaucracies stil...

    The previous federal and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa governments fulfilled a major commitment to ending FATA's constitutional limbo. Their successors cannot blame insecurity or seek other justifications for delaying FATA's integration into the mainstream. To be sure, the task will require resources, further reforms and, above all, stamina in the face of bureaucratic resistance. Though the principle of integration is now firmly established, the civil and military bureaucracies and the tribal elite will likely seek only partial reforms that retain the current governing structure. Yet, as the Pashtun Tahafuz Movement's popularity demonstrates, those bureaucracies' authority in FATA has waned. With public expectations raised by the merger and the repeal of Article 247, stalling would likely provoke significant backlash. If the civil bureaucracy is averse to losing the benefits of the status quo, the military is averse to loosening its grip upon a territory that it still uses to promote what it p...

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