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      • The Proto-Slavic homeland is the area of Slavic settlement in Central and Eastern Europe during the first millennium AD, with its precise location debated by archaeologists, ethnographers and historians. Most scholars consider Polesia the homeland of the Slavs. Theories attempting to place Slavic origin in the Near East have been discarded.
  1. History of Proto-Slavic - Wikipedia

    The Proto-Slavic language, the hypothetical ancestor of the modern-day Slavic languages, developed from the ancestral Proto-Balto-Slavic language (c. 1500 BC), which is the parent language of the Balto-Slavic languages (both the Slavic and Baltic languages, e.g. Latvian and Lithuanian).

  2. Proto-Slavic language - Wikipedia

    Introduction. The ancestor of Proto-Slavic is Proto-Balto-Slavic, which is also the ancestor of the Baltic languages, e.g. Lithuanian and Latvian. This language in turn is descended from Proto-Indo-European, the parent language of the vast majority of European languages (including English, Irish, Spanish, Greek, etc.).

  3. Early Slavs - Wikipedia

    The Proto-Slavic homeland is the area of Slavic settlement in Central and Eastern Europe during the first millennium AD, with its precise location debated by archaeologists, ethnographers and historians. Most scholars consider Polesia the homeland of the Slavs. Theories attempting to place Slavic origin in the Near East have been discarded.

  4. History of the Slavic languages - Wikipedia

    The history of the Slavic languages stretches over 3000 years, from the point at which the ancestral Proto-Balto-Slavic language broke up into the modern-day Slavic languages which are today natively spoken in Eastern, Central and Southeastern Europe as well as parts of North Asia and Central Asia. The first 2000 years or so consist of the pre-Slavic era: a long, stable period of gradual development during which the language remained unified, with no discernible dialectal differences. The last s

  5. Slavs - Wikipedia

    Proto-Slavic is defined as the last stage of the language preceding the geographical split of the historical Slavic languages. That language was uniform, and on the basis of borrowings from foreign languages and Slavic borrowings into other languages, cannot be said to have any recognizable dialects – this suggests that there was, at one time, a relatively small Proto-Slavic homeland .

  6. The precise proto-Slavic location has been argued by historians, ethnographers, and archaeologists (as everything else for that matter). There have been theories that the Slavs originate from territories in the Near East, or in Russia. However, these theories have been discarded.

  7. Wiktionary:About Proto-Slavic - Wiktionary
    • Notation
    • Etymologies
    • Descendants
    • Sources
    • Checking Spellings

    Proto-Slavic on Wiktionary uses the following symbols for reconstructed segments: The use of č, š and ž is universal among linguists, but there is more more variety among the other consonants with haček. Wiktionary uses the haček consistently used for all cases originating from iotation, a former following j. There may be other differences in notation between sources as well, as shown in the following table: Surface forms are preferred rather than underlying, morphophonological forms: 1. Consonant assimilation (e.g. *melsti < *melzti). 2. ť < (k/g/x)t before front vowels (i.e. *moťi < *mogti, *noťь < *noktь). 3. t < (p/b)t (e.g. *teti < *tepti, *delto < *delbto). 4. Write prothetic v/j in vъ-/vy-/jь-. Otherwise optionally provide them in the |head= parameter of the headword-line template as (j) or (v). 5. Write epenthetic ľ after iotated labials, e.g. pľ/bľ/mľ/vľ rather than pj/bj/mj/vj (i.e. *čapľa < *čapja).

    Etymologies are added as a L3 header. If you don't know anything at all about the etymology of Proto-Slavic reconstruction, you should use the following template to request it: General considerations regarding the formatting and the manual of style for etymologies are described at Wiktionary:Etymology, and first-time editors are encouraged to study that page first. If an ancestor of the term can be reconstructed for Proto-Indo-European (that is, {{inh|sla-pro|ine-pro}} rather than {{der}}), it can be inferred to have existed in Proto-Balto-Slavic, even if no reconstruction for the latter is given. If you don't have a Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction available, the {{inh|sla-pro|ine-bsl-pro}}template should be used with the term left empty. This adds the page to a request category where other editors can provide the form if they know it. The etymology section should also mention irregular sound changes that have occurred, changes in morphology, possible semantic shifts, possible pro...

    Descendants are added as a L4 header. The following is a template that can be copy pasted in new entries: Guidelines: 1. The three branches of Slavic are listed alphabetically, and the languages within each branch are also listed alphabetically. 2. When you can provide a descendant in its native script, for languages that do automatic transliteration (Russian), the |tr=parameter is not needed. 3. When you can provide only a transliteration/romanization (from Cyrillic or Glagolitic), fill in the |tr=parameter of the respective language, and the entry will be put in a hidden category so that editors familiar with the script can provide it later. 4. Church Slavonic refers to any national recension. If possible, you should mention the name of the recension in the parentheses. 5. Older stages of South and West Slavic languages (Old Polish, Old Czech, Middle Bulgarian, Old Serbo-Croatian, Pomeranian) are not listed in the template, but if you have their forms available you should add them...

    If there are sources covering a particular Proto-Slavic term, you can provide references to these sources in two ways. The less specific method is to place the source (usually a template) under the Further reading section nested under a particular part-of-speech header (at level 4 or 5). It is preceded by the unordered list markup (*). This kind of source can be used when there is a larger section dedicated to the Proto-Slavic form. The more specific method is to the source in a tag, itself in turn placed right after the piece of information that is being sourced, such as the headword. At the end of the page, place the following: The more specific method using reftags is preferred, because it allows users to see which particular pieces of information are being sourced. With the "Further reading" method, the user cannot see this, and needs access to the original source to see which information it contains. Templates to be used as sources are listed in Category:Proto-Slavi...

    When adding Proto-Slavic reconstructions it can be time consuming to check various spellings or look up accents in different languages since many dictionaries that list those employ various non-standard (i.e. scholarly) transcriptions instead of the usual orthography. Here is a list of online resources that can save time:

  8. Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/melko - Wiktionary

    Feb 11, 2021 · Usually explained as a borrowing from a Germanic language due to the voiceless centum reflex of the Proto-Indo-European palatovelar */ǵ/; compare the Proto-Germanic root noun *meluks (“milk”), itself from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ- (“to milk”).

  9. Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/darъ - Wiktionary

    Jul 25, 2020 · From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dāˀra, from Proto-Indo-European *déh₃rom (“gift”), from the root *deh₃- (“to give”), turning masculine by Illič-Svityč's rule. Direct cognates are Ancient Greek δῶρον (dôron, “gift”), Old Armenian տուր (tur).

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