Quebec French (French: français québécois [fʁɑ̃sɛ kebekwa]; also known as Québécois French or Québécois) is the predominant variety of the French language in Canada, in its formal and informal registers. Quebec French is used in everyday communication, as well as in education, the media, and government.
Quebec French is spoken in Quebec. Closely related varieties are spoken by francophone communities in Ontario, Western Canada and the New England region of the United States, differing only from Quebec French primarily by their greater conservatism.
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- New France
- British regime
Quebec French is different in pronunciation and vocabulary to the French of Europe and that of France's Second Empire colonies in Africa and Asia. Similar divergences took place in the Portuguese, Spanish and English language of the Americas with respect to European dialects, but in the case of French the separation was increased by the reduction of cultural contacts with France after the 1763 Treaty of Paris in which France ceded Canada to Great Britain. Although pronunciations like moé...
The French language established itself permanently in North America with the foundation of Quebec City by Samuel de Champlain in 1608. However, it was after the creation of the Sovereign Council of New France in 1663 that the colonies really started to develop. Between 1627 and 1663, a few thousand colonists landed in New France, either in Acadia or Canada. The provinces that contributed the most to these migrations were those in the northern and western regions of France. The migrants came from
On September 13, 1759, Quebec City, then the political capital of New France, was taken by the British Army. New France fell a year later. According to the terms of 1760 Articles of Capitulation of Montreal, the French Army was to leave the conquered territory. The ruling elite also left. Ordinary people, the Roman Catholic clergy, lesser merchants, and some members of the civil administration, the majority having been born in Canada, stayed in the country. Those who stayed were to become Britis
- Mission and powers
The Office québécois de la langue française is a public organization established on 24 March 1961, by the Liberal government of Jean Lesage. Attached to the Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec, its initial mission, defined in its report of 1 April 1964, was "to align on international French, promote good Canadianisms and fight Anglicisms... work on the normalization of the language in Quebec and support State intervention to carry out a global language policy that...
The creation of a "Board of the French language" was one of the recommendations of the Tremblay Royal Commission of Inquiry on Constitutional Problems which published its five-volume report in 1956. Such an institution was part of the list of 46 vows formulated by the Second Congress on the French Language in Canada held in Quebec City in 1937. In 1961, the Act to establish the Department of Cultural Affairs was passed providing for the creation of the Office of the French Language. The organiza
Sections 159 to 164 of the Québec Charter of the French Language defines the mission and powers of the commission.: 1. To define and conduct Quebec's policy pertaining to linguistic officialization, terminology and francization of public administration and businesses; 2. To monitor the linguistic situation in Québec and to report thereon to the Minister at least every five years; 3. To see to it that French is the normal and everyday language of work, communication, commerce and business ...
In July 2020, the OQLF's eight members, appointed by the government for a maximum of five years, were: 1. Ginette Galarneau: Présidente-directrice générale 2. Alain Bélanger: Professeur agrégé au Centre Urbanisation Culture Société de l'Institut national de la recherche scientifique 3. Denis Bolduc: Secrétaire général de la Fédération des travailleurs et travailleuses du Québec 4. Juliette Champagne: Sous-ministre adjointe au Secrétariat à la promotion et à la valorisation ...
Following its mandates, the OQLF offers the following services to the population of Quebec: 1. General information service via toll free line, Web site and brochures; 2. Francization services: Francization counselling; Technical assistance relating to Francization of information technologies; 3. Processing of complaints for non-respect of the law; 4. Terminology and linguistics tools and services: The Grand dictionnaire terminologique; The Banque de dépannage linguistique; Personalized ...
Many distinctions are given by the OQLF to reward persons and organizations contributing to keeping French alive. They are given as part of the Grand gala des Mérites du français which occurs each year, usually in March during the FrancoFête. The OQLF rewards outstanding francization efforts by persons and organizations. For over 20 years, it has been awarding the Mérites du français au travail et dans le commerce. Since 1998, it awards the Mérites du français dans les technologies ...
French is the mother tongue of approximately 7.2 million Canadians (20.6 per cent of the Canadian population, second to English at 56 per cent) according to the 2016 Canadian Census. Most Canadian native speakers of French live in Quebec, the only province where French is the majority and the sole official language.
Quebec French profanities, known as sacres, are words and expressions related to Catholicism and its liturgy that are used as strong profanities in Quebec French and in Acadian French. Sacres are considered stronger in Canada than the foul expressions common to other varieties of French, which centre on sex and excrement.
French français Pronunciation [fʁɑ̃sɛ] Region Originated in France, now worldwide especially France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, North Africa and West Africa (distribution maps below) Ethnicity French people Native speakers 76.8 million worldwide An estimated 274 million French speakers (L1 plus L2 ; 2014) Language family Indo-European Italic Romance Western Romance Gallo-Romance Oïl ...
/d, t/在/i, y, j, ɥ/之前读[d͡z, t͡s] (除了在加斯佩西-马德莱娜群岛区和北岸区); 1. tirer读[t͡siʁe] 2. dire读[d͡ziːʁ]
在闭音节，/i/，/y/，/u/读[ɪ]，[ʏ]，[ʊ]; 1. six读[sɪs] 2. lune读[lʏn] 3. route读[ʁʊt] 在开音节，/a/读[ɑ]或者[ɔ](屬於不標準); 1. ça读[sɑ]或[sɔ] 2. plat读[plɑ]或[plɔ]（法文）Philippe Barbeau. Le Choc des patois en Nouvelle-France : Essai sur l'histoire de la francisation au Canada. Montreal: Presses de l'Université du Québec. 1984. ISBN 978-2-7605-0330-4.: research...（法文）Lionel Meney. Dictionnaire Québécois Français. Montreal: Guérin. 1999. ISBN 978-2-7601-5482-7.: a comprehensive reference dictionary defining Québécois French usage for speakers of European French（法文）Jean-Marcel Léard. Grammaire québécoise d'aujourd'hui: Comprendre les québécismes. Montreal: Guérin Universitaire. 1995. ISBN 978-2-7601-3930-5.: a detailed analysis of some grammatical differe...（法文）Raymond Mougeon, Édouard Beniak. Les Origines du français québécois. Québec, Les Presses de l'Université Laval. 1994. ISBN 978-2-7637-7354-4.
1. (UK, US) IPA(key): /kwɪˈbɛk/ 2. (Canada) IPA(key): /kwɪˈbɛk/, /kəˈbɛk/, /keɪˈbɛk/
Québec 1. Alternative form of Quebec 2. Quebec City(official federal and provincial government usage)
From Algonquin kepék (“(it) narrows”), originally referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence Rivernarrows to a cliff-lined gap.
1. IPA(key): /ke.bɛk/ 2. Rhymes: -ɛk
Québec m 1. Quebec (a province of Canada) 2. Quebec, Quebec City (the capital city of the province of Quebec, Canada)
1. IPA(key): /keˈbɛk/
Québec n 1. Quebec (a province of Canada) 2. Quebec, Quebec City (the capital city of the province of Quebec, Canada)
Québec ? 1. Alternative form of Quebec
Québec 1. Alternative form of Quebec