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  1. › wiki › Quebec_CityQuebec City - Wikipedia

    2 days ago · Quebec City (/ k w ɪ ˈ b ɛ k / or / k ə ˈ b ɛ k /; French: Ville de Québec), officially Québec ( ()), is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec.As of July 2016 the city had a population of 531,902, and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296.

    • Themes
    • Context
    • Examples
    • Reaction to Anti-Quebec Criticism
    • Debate
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    Francophones have been criticized by English-speaking Quebecers as they feel discriminated against because the law requires French to be the only work language (in large companies, since 1977). The expression pure laine ("pure wool"), used to denote Quebecers of French descent, has also often been cited as a manifestation of discriminatory attitudes. Pure lainehas been portrayed as an expression of racial exclusion in Quebec, while counter-critics deem the term obsolete. Critics note the low percentage of minority participation in any level of the Quebec public services. While some efforts have been made to increase the percentage of minorities (i.e. Montreal Police Force), the public service of Quebec (Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec, MSSS, etc.) is largely European-Canadian and francophone. Language laws in Quebec that promote the use of French and restrict the use of English are believed to reflect goals designed to preserve and strengthen the French language within t...

    Quebec context

    Quebec is a nation within Canada and a Canadian province with a French-speaking majority (81% cite French alone as their mother tonguewhile 95% are either fluent in French or have a working knowledge of French as a second or third language). In contrast the rest of Canada has a majority of English speakers (75% cite English alone as their mother tongue.While 98% of the population has a working knowledge of English, only 11% has a working knowledge of French. Before 1763, most of the land that...

    English-Canadian context

    George Brown, a prominent Canada West politician, Father of Confederation and founder of The Globe newspaper, said before Confederation: "What has French-Canadianism been denied? Nothing. It bars all it dislikes—it extorts all its demands—and it grows insolent over its victories." Quebec has pursued a distinctive national identity, English Canada tried to adopt multiculturalism. Pierre Trudeau was prime minister during much of the period from 1968 until 1984, a French Canadian who seemed unti...

    Within Canada, people such as Howard Galganov, a former radio personality, and the journalist Diane Francis have gained a reputation for their anti-Quebec opinions. The author Mordecai Richler, an Anglophone Quebecer known for his fiction as well as essays, wrote a number of articles published in British and American media outlets that many Québécois separatists considered offensive. Before entering politics, former B.C. NDP candidate Dayleen Van Ryswyk made comments on a local website blog in 2009: "Seems the only group of people universally hated around the world other than the Americans are the French and French-Canadians. The bigots are the French and not us."Van Ryswyk herself was forced to resign on the first day of her 2013 campaign, over comments she posted to her blog about First Nations people that were widely interpreted as racist. Outside the English-speaking world, three articles harshly critical of Quebec were published in German newspapers during the 1990s: "A Quebec...

    Reaction by Quebec media and public figures

    Quebec-bashing has been denounced as dishonest, false, defamatory prejudiced, racist, colonialist, or hate speech by many people of all origins and political colours in Quebec. When Prime Minister Stephen Harper commented in strident terms in December 2008 on the possibility of the "separatist" Bloc Québécois lending support to a Liberal-New Democratic Party coalition that might have replaced his Conservative government, the former premier of Quebec, Pierre-Marc Johnsonwarned him of potential...

    Reaction by English Canadian media and public figures

    Just as the francophone media is capable of responding to tenuous allegations of Quebec-bashing, the mainstream media in English Canada have taken issue with virulent attacks on Quebec and the Québécois. The former Prime Minister of Canada, Stephen Harper, was particularly critical about the Jan Wong article that linked the Dawson College shooting incident to allegations of racist attitudes on the part of Québécois. Critics of "Quebec bashing" argue that Quebec is essentially a tolerant and i...

    Allegations of English Canadian racism

    Quebec nationalists like to remind English-speaking Canada how antisemitic it was. Jews, who as a national minority, faced persecution across Canada and were subject to quotas at McGill University. The federal government also notoriously refused entry to Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution in Europe in the 1930s and 1940s. As a French Roman Catholic ethnic and religious minority in the British Empire, Lower Canada was first in the British Empire to grant Jews full civil and political rig...

    While examples of anti-Quebec coverage in English Canada are recognized by a number of French-speaking people in Quebec, whether this represents a wide phenomenon and an opinion held by many people in English Canada is subject to debate. Chantal Hébert noted that commentators such as Graham Fraser, Jeffrey Simpson and Paul Wells, who are more positive about Quebec, were often called upon by the Canadian media since the 1995 referendum. She also mentioned Edward Greenspon, who, however, as editor-in-chief of The Globe and Mail, ended up defending an alleged instance of Quebec bashing in 2006, Globe and Mail columnist Jan Wong's "Get under the desk". Graham Fraser, an English Canadian journalist noted for his sympathy for Quebec, has tempered both sides. "This phenomenon (of English Canadian Francophobia) exists, I do not doubt it; I have read enough of Alberta Report to know that there are people that think bilingualism is a conspiracy against English Canadians to guarantee jobs for...

    Other English-speaking journalists, such as Ray Conlogue, Peter Scowenor Graham Fraser, have earned notable reputations for a more fair and sympathetic views of Quebec, in both sovereigntist and federalist circles.

    In English

    1. Potvin, Maryse (2000). "Some Racist Slips about Quebec in English Canada Between 1995 and 1998" (PDF). Canadian Ethnic Studies. XXXII (2): 1–26. Archived from the original (PDF)on 2011-07-25.

    In French

    1. Guy Bouthillier. L'obsession ethnique. Outremont: Lanctôt Éditeur, 1997, 240 pages ISBN 2-89485-027-1(The Ethnic Obsession) 2. Réal Brisson. Oka par la caricature: Deux visions distinctes d'une même crise by Réal Brisson, Septentrion, 2000, ISBN 2-89448-160-8(Oka Through Caricatures: Two Distinct Vision of the Same Crisis) 3. Daniel S.-Legault, "Bashing anti-Québec; uppercut de la droite", in VO: Vie ouvrière, summer 1997, pages 4–7. (Anti-Quebec Bashing; an uppercut from the right) 4. Syl...

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  3. The Quebec-based Gauche Socialiste is the official FI section in Quebec. Socialist Challenge , its former component in English Canada, dissolved in 1995 into the New Socialist Group where it formed the Fourth International Caucus which was recognized as the FI's official section in English Canada.

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  4. According to the 2011 Census there were 3,570 Canadians who reported Coptic ancestry (this figure combines single and multiple ethnic origin responses). Of this number, 755 Canadians reported Coptic as their only ancestry, whereas 2,810 reported Coptic as one of multiple ancestries. In the same survey, 16,255 Canadians said they belonged to the ...

  5. › wiki › Jean_CharestJean Charest - Wikipedia

    12 hours ago · John James "Jean" Charest PC (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ ʃɑʁɛ]; born June 24, 1958) is a Canadian politician who briefly served as the fifth deputy prime minister of Canada in 1993 and, thereafter, as 29th premier of Quebec, from 2003 to 2012; the leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1993 to 1998; and the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party from 1998 to 2012.

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