Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).
- Early Life
- Marriage and Children
- Life as Queen
- The Queen as A Person
- Titles and Styles
- Further Reading
- Other Websites
Elizabeth was born in her grandparents' home at 17 Bruton street, Mayfair, London on 21 April 1926. Her father was Prince Albert, Duke of York, who later became George VI. His brother was the Prince of Wales. Her mother was Elizabeth, Duchess of York. Princess Elizabeth was the granddaughter of King George Vand Queen Mary. She was named after her mother. Her nickname was "Lilibet". Princess Elizabeth had one sister, Princess Margaret. Margaret was born in 1930. The two young princesses were taught at home. They had a governessnamed Marion Crawford. Princess Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the British Throne. The first in line was her uncle, the Prince of Wales. The second in line was her father, the Duke of York. She was third in line. Elizabeth's grandfather, King George V, died in 1936. Her uncle became King Edward VIII. He was king only for a short time. He abdicated. His brother, Elizabeth's father the Duke of York, became King George VI. One day, Princess Eliza...
Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh on 20 November 1947. The wedding was held in Westminster Abbey. The couple lived mostly at Clarence House in London. The couple has four children; Charles, Prince of Wales was born 14 November 1948. Their second child is a daughter. She is Anne, Princess Royal. She was born 15 August 1950. The Royal couple had two more sons. Prince Andrew, Duke of York was born 19 February 1960. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex was born 10 March 1964. The princes and princess sometimes use the name Mountbatten-Windsor. This is their official last name when they need one (royal families rarely use them). Prince Philip died on 9 April 2021 at Windsor Castle, aged 99.
In 1951, the King's health was poor. He could not go to many public events. Princess Elizabeth started to make official visits for him. The King died on 6 February 1952. Elizabeth was crowned queen on 2 June 1953. The ceremony was held in Westminster Abbey. She wore a dress that was decorated with the national flowers of the countries of the Commonwealth.Many people bought TV sets to watch the event.
In 1952, Her Majesty the Queen and Prince Philip moved into Buckingham Palacein central London. This is the main official home of the monarch. Her early years as Queen were spent traveling to many places. In 1953, the Queen and Prince Philip began an around the world tour in the Royal Yacht, Britannia. Their tour went for 6 months. She was the first reigning monarch to visit Australia, New Zealand and Fiji. In October 1957, she made an official visit to the United States. She spoke to the United Nations General Assembly. She toured Canada. She became the first monarch to open the nation's Parliament. The Queen likes to go to Canada. She calls Canada her "home away from home". In February 1961, she visited Turkey, India, Iran, Pakistan and Nepal for the first time. Since then, the Queen has made visits to most Commonwealth countries. She has also been to most European countries and many countries outside Europe. In 1991, she became the first British monarch to speak to a joint sessio...
Faith and duty
Elizabeth II, as the Monarch of the United Kingdom, is the "Supreme Governor" of the Church of England and sworn protector of the Church of Scotland. She is very interested in the Church of England, but the Archbishop of Canterburyruns the church. She rarely attends the yearly meeting of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The Queen is deeply religious. In her Christmas Day television broadcast in 2000, she said: The Queen regularly goes to church wherever she is: at St. George's...
The Queen has often shown courage, ever since she joined the military at 18. During a trip to Ghana in 1961, she was warned that it was dangerous to be near the President Kwame Nkrumah because people wanted to kill him. But she refused to stay away. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Harold Macmillan, wrote that the Queen got very impatient with people if they tried to treat her like "a film star". In 1964, when the Queen was invited to Quebec, there were fears for her safety because t...
Throughout her long reign, Queen Elizabeth II has been supported in her duties by her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Prince Philip promised to help the Queen on the day of her Coronation. The Queen was also helped by her mother Queen Elizabeth, known as "The Queen Mother", who lived to be 101 years old, and stayed very active in her old-age. The Queen is the patron of many organisations and charities. She has many invitations and official duties. Many of the duties have been share...
In 1977, the Queen celebrated her Silver Jubilee. This jubilee marked the 25th anniversary of her coming to the throne. There was a royal procession in the golden State Coach. A service of thanksgiving was held at St. Paul's Cathedral. Millions of people watched on television. There were parties across the UK. Five commemorative stamps were printed in honour of the event. The Jubilee line of the London Undergroundopened in 1979, named after the anniversary.
In 2002, Elizabeth II celebrated Golden Jubilee. This jubilee marked the 50th anniversary of her coming to the throne. She toured the Commonwealth countries. There was a pop concert in the gardens of Buckingham Palace. A service of thanksgiving was held at St. Paul's Cathedral.
Diamond wedding anniversary
The Queen and Prince Philip celebrated their sixtieth (diamond) wedding anniversary on 19 November 2007, with a special service at Westminster Abbey. The night before, Prince Charles gave a private dinner party at Clarence Housefor twenty members of the Royal Family. On the following day, 20 November, the Queen and Prince Philip went on a visit to Malta, where they had stayed from 1949 to 1951 after getting married. A Royal Navyship, which was nearby, got its sailors to line up on deck to for...
When someone is talking about the Queen, she is called "The Queen" or "Her Majesty". When someone is talking to her, she is called "Your Majesty". After the first time, the person talking to the Queen can say "Ma'am". It is pronounced "Marm". These are the titles that she has had: 1. 21 April 1926 – 11 December 1936: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Elizabeth of York 2. 11 December 1936 – 20 November 1947: Her Royal HighnessThe Princess Elizabeth 3. 20 November 1947 – 6 February 1952: Her Royal HighnessThe Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh 4. 6 February 1952 – present: Her Majesty The Queen The Queen has several coats of arms. In the UK, they are known as the "Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom". Every British monarch has used these arms since the reign of Queen Victoria. The coats of arms used in Scotland and Canadaare different to the arms used in England and Wales. Elizabeth II is: 1. Queen of Antigua and Barbuda 2. Queen of Australia 3. Queen of The Bahamas 4. Queen of Ba...Bond, Jennie (2002). Elizabeth: Fifty Glorious Years. Readers Digest. ISBN 978-0-7621-0369-0.Erickson, Carolly (2004). Lilibet: An Intimate Portrait of Elizabeth II. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-28734-4.Pimlott, Ben (2002). The Queen: Elizabeth II and the Monarchy.Waller, Maureen (2007). Sovereign Ladies: Sex, Sacrifice, and Power--The Six Reigning Queens of England. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-33801-5.Elizabeth II: Modern Monarch Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
Personality and image of Elizabeth II. The image of Queen Elizabeth II has been generally favourable throughout the years. Conservative in dress, she is well known for her solid-colour overcoats and matching hats which allow her to be seen easily in a crowd. She attends many cultural events as part of her public role.
Queen Elizabeth 2, often referred to simply as QE2, is a retired British ocean liner converted into a floating hotel. Originally built for the Cunard Line, Queen Elizabeth 2 was operated by Cunard as both a transatlantic liner and a cruise ship from 1969 to 2008.
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Queen Elizabeth II (born 21 Aprile 1926) is the Queen an heid o state o the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland, an 15 ither kintras an thair dependencies. Thae kintras is Antigua an Barbuda, Australie, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canadae, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saunt Kitts an Nevis, Saunt Lucia ...
Arms of Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of Windsor, Heiress Presumptive (1944-1947)Arms of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburg (1947-1952)Coat of Arms of Queen Elizabeth II in Right of the United KingdomCoat of Arms of Queen Elizabeth II in Right of the United Kingdom (Used only in Scotland)Princess Elizabeth aged 3, 1929Princess Elizabeth of York, painted by Philip Alexius de Lászlówhen she was seven years old (1933)Queen Mary with Princess Elizabeth and Margaret, 1939HRH Princess Elizabeth by William Tymym, 19442015201020072007Elizabeth TowerStatue of Queen Elizabeth on horse, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario, CanadaElizabeth Gate
- as Princess Elizabeth
- The Queen