Quenya (pronounced [ˈkʷɛn.ja]) is one of the fictional languages devised by J. R. R. Tolkien and used by the Elves in his legendarium.. Tolkien began devising the language around 1910 and restructured the grammar several times until Quenya reached its final state.
Quenya is a fictional language devised by J. R. R. Tolkien, and used in his fictional universe, often called Middle-earth.Here is presented a resume of the grammatical rules of late Quenya as established from Tolkien's writings c. 1951–1973.
- auta-, av-, va- (< wa-)
Mar 12, 2020 · From Noldorin Quenya Quenya, ultimately derived from the Primitive Quendian root *kwene ("person"), being the name for the language invented by J. R. R. Tolkien as the language spoken by the Elves in his books. Pronunciation . IPA : /ˈkwɛnjə/ Proper noun
El quenya (pronunciáu /AFI: [ˈk w ɛɲa] /); tamién llamáu qenya, quendya, alto élfico, alta llingua, llingua antigua, llingua de los elfos de Valinor y otres denominaciones ye, xuntu col sindarin, l'idioma más espublizáu y estudiáu de les más de quince ideolengues que, con distintos graos de detalle, fueron inventaes pol escritor y filólogu británicu J. R. R. Tolkien y usaes nel so ...
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Quenya (IPA: ['kwɛnja]; ibland kallad högalviska) är ett språk som skapades av J.R.R. Tolkien för hans fiktiva värld Arda. Det talas av de två alviska folken noldor och vanyar . Quenya är tillsammans med sindarin de viktigaste och mest genomarbetade av Tolkiens språk.
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The Ñoldor who fled to Middle-earth following the Darkening of Valinor spoke Quenya among themselves. However, when Elu Thingol of Doriath, who was the king of the Sindar (Elves of the Telerin line who remained in Beleriandinstead of journeying to Valinor) learned about their slaying of the Teleri, he forbade the use of Quenya in all his realm. The Sindar, however, had been slow to learn Quenya, while the Noldor at this time had fully mastered Sindarin. The Quenya used in Middle-earth of the Third Age (the time of the setting of The Lord of the Rings) had come to be a scholarly pursuit — something akin to Latin in our time. (Indeed, Tolkien referred to Quenya as "Elf-Latin".) Quenya was used as a formal language and for writing; Sindarin was the vernacular of all Elves. However, the Ñoldor still remembered Quenya and valued it highly, which can be seen in the way they treat Frodo's greeting elen síla lúmenn' omentielvo. ("A star shines on the hour of our meeting.") Galadriel is perh...
Quenya is, like many European languages, a nominative-accusative language, which means that the subject of a transitive verb is marked the same as the subject of an intransitive verb.
In The Children of Húrin
1. Utúlie'n aurë! Aiya Eldalië ar Atanatarni, utúlie'n aurë!- "The day has come! Behold, people of the Eldar and Fathers of Men, the day has come!" 2. Auta i lóme!- "The night is passing!" 3. A Túrin Turambar turún' ambartanen.- "O Túrin master of doom by doom mastered."
In The History of Middle-earth
1. Valar valuvar.- "The will of the Valar will be done." 2. Manen lambë Quendion ahyanë?- "How did the language of Elves change?"aina- holyáirë- sunlightalqua- swananar- Sun
Quenya was influenced specifically by Finnish, which is an agglutinative language; grammatical inspiration also comes from Latin and Greek. The phonology is also based on Finnish, and to a lesser extent Latin, Italian and Spanish. Some interesting phonological rules are that no consonant cluster can begin or end a syllable (with one exception, the dual dative ending -nt), voiced stops must be preceded by sonorants, and a word may not end in a non-coronal consonant. The most striking feature of Quenya is that it is a highly agglutinating language, meaning that multiple affixes are often added to words to express grammatical function. It is possible for one Quenya word to have the same meaning as an entire English sentence. For example, one could say "They have seen it." in Quenya in a single word, namely Ecénientes. Tolkien wrote much more material about Quenya and his other languages than he published in his lifetime. The famous novels might be considered incidental to his further a...↑ 1.0 1.1 The Children of Húrin, Narn i Chîn Húrin, The Tale of the Children of Húrin, II: "The Battle of Unnumbered Tears"↑ The Children of Húrin, Narn i Chîn Húrin, The Tale of the Children of Húrin, XVI: "The Death of Glaurung"↑ The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XI: The War of the Jewels, Part Four: Quendi and Eldar, Appendix D↑ The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter XIV: "Dangweth Pengoloð"
Quenya used by fans for post-Tolkien composition of poems and texts, phrases and names, is usually nicknamed neo-Quenya, or Quenya Vinyakarmë (Q. for "neologism") by scholars. Since Tolkien's own ideas were rather fluid, any attempt to actually use the language must involve a number of "editing decisions" by the post-Tolkien author.
quenya noun (original adj.) "speech" (PM:399); the language-name Quenya is said to mean properly "language, speech" (WJ:393); cf. the phrase coirëa quenya "living speech" (PM:399).However, Quenya (archaic Quendya, still so in Vanyarin) is also interpreted "Elvish" (Letters:176), sc. the adjective corresponding to Quendi (WJ:374), but it was no longer used as a general adjective.
The Quenya word namárië is a reduced form of á na márië, meaning literally "be well", an Elvish formula used for greeting and for farewell. "Namárië" is the longest Quenya text in The Lord of the Rings and also one of the longest continuous texts in Quenya that Tolkien ever wrote.