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  2. Red Panda Facts: Behavior, Habitat, Diet - ThoughtCo

    Apr 05, 2019 · Fast Facts: Red Panda Scientific Name: Ailurus fulgens Common Name: Red panda Basic Animal Group: Mammal Size: 20-25 inch body; 11-23 inch tail Weight: 6.6-13.7 pounds Diet: Omnivore Lifespan: 8-10 years Habitat: Southwestern China and the Eastern Himalayas Population: Hundreds Conservation Status: ...

  3. Red panda | Smithsonian's National Zoo
    • Appearance
    • Physical characteristics
    • Behavior
    • Biology
    • Taxonomy
    • Description
    • Distribution and habitat
    • Diet
    • Breeding
    • Reproduction
    • Adaptations
    • Life cycle

    Red pandas can be easily identified by their unique ruddy coat color, which acts like camouflage within the canopy of fir trees where branches are covered with clumps of reddish-brown moss and white lichens.

    They have large, round heads and short snouts with big, pointed ears. Their faces are white with reddish-brown tear marks that extend from the eyes to the corner of the mouth. These markings could have evolved to help keep the sun out of their eyes. Their tails are marked with alternating red and buff rings. Red pandas have a soft, dense woolly undercoat covered by long, coarse guard hairs. Long, bushy tails help these arboreal animals maintain balance and protect them from harsh cold and winds. Dense fur completely covers their feet which have five, widely separated toes and semi-retractable claws.

    Red pandas scent-mark territories using anal glands and urine, as well as scent glands located between their footpads. These scent glands on the bottom of red pandas feet exude a colorless liquid that is odorless to humans. The red panda tests odors using the underside of its tongue, which has a cone-like structure for collecting liquid and bringing it close to a gland inside its mouth. It is the only carnivore with this adaptation. Red pandas are skilled climbers, using trees for shelter, to escape predators and to sunbathe in the winter. Their ankles are extremely flexible, and the fibula and tibia are attached in such a way as to allow the fibula to rotate about its axis. These features make it possible for red pandas to adeptly climb headfirst down tree trunks. Red pandas are generally quiet, but subtle vocalizationssuch as squeals, twitters and huff-quackscan be heard at close proximity. They may also hiss or grunt, and young cubs use a whistle, or high-pitched bleat, to signal distress. Red pandas will climb trees and rocks to escape predators, such as leopards and jackals. Red pandas are solitary except during the breeding season. In human care, most breeding pairs live together year-round. In the wild, the home range of one animal is about 1 square mile. In human care, red pandas can be active at any time of day but are primarily crepuscular, or most active at dawn and dusk. On average, they spend about 45 percent of the day awake and tend to be more active in cooler weather, especially during the winter mating season. In significantly cold temperatures, red pandas can become dormant, lowering their metabolic rate and raising it every few hours as they wake up to look for food.

    In contrast with other carnivores their size, red pandas have extremely robust dentition. They also have a simple carnivore stomach, despite their predominantly leaf-based diet. Red pandas share the giant pandas pseudo-thumb, a modified wrist bone used to grasp bamboo when feeding.

    Red pandas are the only living member of the Ailuridae family, and their taxonomic position has long been a subject of scientific debate. They were first described as members of the raccoon family (Procyonidae)a controversial classificationin 1825, because of ecological characteristics and morphological similarities of the head, dentition and ringed tail. Later, due to some agreements in DNA, they were assigned to the bear family (Ursidae). Most recent genetic research, however, places red pandas in their own, independent family: Ailuridae. Molecular phylogenetic studies show that red pandas are an ancient species in the order Carnivora (superfamily Musteloidea) and are probably most closely related to the group that includes weasels, raccoons and skunks. There are two recognized subspecies of red pandas within the Ailuridae family: Ailurus fulgens fulgens and Ailurus fulgens styani (also known as Ailurus fulgens refulgens). The styani subspecies tends to be larger and deeper red in color than the fulgens subspecies.

    Adult red pandas typically weigh about 8.8 to 13.3 pounds (4 to 6.5 kilograms) and are 22 to 24.6 inches (56 to 62.5 centimeters) long, plus a tail of 14.6 to 18.6 inches (370 to 472 centimeters).

    Red pandas range from northern Myanmar (Burma) to the west Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces of China. They are also found in suitable habitat in Nepal, India and Tibet. The Ailurus fulgens fulgens subspecies is found in Nepal, northeastern India, Bhutan and part of China, while the Ailurus fulgens styani subspecies is found in China and northern Myanmar. Red pandas live in high-altitude temperate forests with bamboo understories in the Himalayas and high mountains.

    Bamboo constitutes 85 to 95 percent of the red panda's diet. Unlike giant pandas that feed on nearly every above-ground portion of bamboo (including the culm, or woody stem), red pandas feed selectively on the most nutritious leaf tips and, when available, tender shoots. Like giant pandas, red pandas grasp plant stems using their forepaws and shear selected leaves off with their mouths. Because red pandas are obligate bamboo eaters, they are on a tight energy budget for much of the year. They may also forage for roots, succulent grasses, fruits, insects and grubs, and are known to occasionally kill and eat birds and small mammals. At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, red pandas eat bamboo throughout the day. They are also fed leaf-eater biscuits and fruits, such as grapes, chopped apples and bananas.

    In the Northern Hemisphere, red pandas breed from January through March. In the Southern Hemisphere, breeding season extends from June through August. The rapid change in photoperiod, or day length, after the winter solstice initiates this breeding season.

    Mating occurs on the ground, and gestation appears to include a period of delayed implantation, which may be as short as 93 days or as long as 156 days. Reproduction expends a great deal of energy, so it is believed that a long gestation period may be the result of a slow metabolic rate. Late spring births also coincide with the emergence of the most tender and digestible bamboo shoots and leaves. Females create a nest in tree holes, hollow stumps, tree roots or bamboo thickets and line the nest with moss, leaves and other soft plant material. Litters typically consist of two cubs born between May and July in the Northern Hemisphere. Red pandas are born completely covered in fur to protect them from the cold environment. Newborns of the subspecies Ailurus fulgens fulgens weigh 3 to 4 ounces (about 90 to 110 grams). The offspring stay with the mother for about one year, which is about when they are full-grown. Red pandas reach sexual maturity at around 18 months of age.

    This adaptation allows red pandas to spend nearly as little energy as sloths, which is very beneficial considering the low nutrition content of their diet. They also exhibit temperature-regulating behaviors, such as curling into a tight ball to conserve body heat and energy expenditure in the cold. Conversely, when temperatures are warm, red pandas stretch out on branches and pant to lower their body temperature.

    Red pandas may live as long as 23 years. They show symptoms of age at around 12 to 14 years old. While females do not breed after age 12, males continue to be reproductively capable.

    • Red Panda facts: this level of adorable should be illegal | Animal Fact Files
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  4. 50 Adorable Facts About The Red Pandas You Have To Know ...
    • Red Panda Facts Infographics.
    • Red pandas eat a variety of food.. The most common food of the red panda are bamboos, fruits, succulent plants, grubs,...
    • Wild red pandas only live in Asia.. As of today, wild red pandas only live in remote mountain territories above 4,000...
    • There are fossils of red panda in North America.. We all know that wild red pandas...
  5. 40 Interesting Red Pandas Facts - Serious Facts
    • Red panda can eat around 20,000 bamboo leaves in a day. Yes, Red Panda really does it!
    • Red panda too has retractable claws similar to other giant pandas.
    • The second name for them is “Firefox” which they got because of their size and red color of the fur.
    • Red panda can camouflage very well because of their red and white body color, legs and belly are black. Red pandas are best when it comes to hiding themselves from their predators by disguising them into the branches of fir trees which are usually covered with reddish-brown moss.
  6. 32 Interesting Red Panda Facts | Fact
    • The red panda is known as the "first panda" because it was so named nearly 50 years before the giant panda.
    • Even though the red panda is classified as a carnivore, its diet is almost exclusively bamboo.
    • Englishman Major-General Thomas Hardwicke was most likely the first to describe the red panda, but he did not publish his work for several years. In the meantime, Frédéric Cuvier did not wait as long and published the first written description of the red panda in 1825.
    • Red pandas, like giant pandas, live in Asia's high forests and are bamboo eaters. However, despite these similarities, red pandas and giant pandas are not related.
    • Habitat
    • Red Panda Facts
    • Endangered Status
    • Lifestyle
    • Diet
    • Reproduction

    The red panda lives, eats, and raises its babies in forest mountain terrains. Its habitat range includes central China, Nepal, Myanmar(Burma), and Bhutan. Precise information on their habitat distribution is not known since wild population facts are difficult to gather.

    Physical description: The red panda has reddish brown fur with distinct white marks on its face and tail. It has a very long fluffy tail and small ears. Its whiskers are white and long.
    Lifespan: 8 to 12 years is the average but can live to be 15 years old.
    Communication: Squeaks, chattering noises, chipmunk like sounds.
    Size: Weight is 8 to 12 pounds. Length is 20 to 24 inches.

    Once living in many parts of Asia including greater China, the red panda is now confined to parceled territories that collectively are a fraction of its original habitat. These isolated parcels interfere with feeding, migration, and breeding activities. Many facts indicate that reproduction rates are on the decline. The foods it must eat to maintain its lifestyle and reproduction cycle have been reduced by habitat loss, global warming, hunting, and poaching. Their greatest threat is therefore mankind. Research facts show many baby red pandas do not survive to adulthood. The red panda is classified as endangered. In fact it is now extinct in several countries according to information from conservation groups.

    Although complete information on these scarce creatures is not documented, certain facts are known. Adults lead solitary lives. However this endangered species has been observed to be more social prior to reproduction cycles. They are active from dusk to dawn and their primary habitat is above the ground in trees. In fact they breed and sleep in trees. A major characteristic is the ability to traverse tree branches easily. These pandas like to eat, clean themselves, mate, and sleep. Life style of this animal includes a lot of play and mischief. Baby red pandas are energetic from the start.

    Bamboo is the main diet of the red panda and is abundant in its natural habitat. However it will also eat a variety of other foods such as fruits, nuts, eggs, flowers, and seeds. Information from their droppings reveal additional diet facts, such as their taste for other prey such as rodents and small birds. Red panda cubs eat bamboo until they are mature enough to expand their diet. Their bamboo ranges are endangered and threaten the life style of this unique species.

    Breeding season is in the late fall through winter. The gestation period is about four months. Baby red pandas are born in an average litter size of one to four babies and are born in the late spring and summer. They build a nest or use hollow tree trunks or small caves to give birth to their newborn. The mother red panda takes care of her cubs until they reach adulthood when the next mating season begins. After birth adulthood is reached in 16 to 18 months. At 18 months both male and female are ready to mate and repeat the reproduction process.

  7. Facts About Red Pandas | Live Science
    • Size and Description
    • Habitat and Diet
    • Habits
    • Offspring
    • Classification
    • Conservation Status

    Red pandas are similar in size to the common house cat. They are 20 to 26 inches (51 to 66 centimeters) long from head to rump, and their tail adds another 10 to 20 inches (25.4 to 51 cm). They weigh from 10 to 20 lbs. (4.5 to 9 kilograms). Red pandas have large round heads and short snouts with large, pointed ears. Their coats are reddish-brown, although their faces are mostly white with reddish 'tear tracks' extending from their eyes to the corner of their mouths. These markings may help ke...

    Red pandas live in the mountains of Nepal, central China and northern Myanmar in rainy, high-altitude temperate forests and tropical forests, according to the National Zoo. One important factor to their habitat is bamboo. The forest must have a bamboo understory for it to be viable for the red panda. Bamboo consists of 85 to 95 percent of their diet, according to the National Zoo. Red pandas eat bamboo shoots and bamboo leaf tips, stripping them off the stems with their mouths. They may also...

    Red pandas are primarily crepuscular — active at dawn or dusk — but they can be active any time of the day, according to the National Zoo. They are solitary creatures; males are territorial and will mark their territory with strong odor from the scent gland at the base of their tail. Like skunks, red pandas can unleash the smell when they are scared to fend off a predator. If that doesn't work, they stand on their back feet and strike out with the claws on their front feet, according to the S...

    Female red pandas give birth during the spring and summer after a gestation period of 114 to 145 days, according to the National Zoo, although it may be as short as 90 days and as long as 158 days. Females build birthing dens in stumps, hollow trees or rock crevices. Dens are lined with grass, leaves, twigs, moss and small branches.Females can have one to four young, though they usually have twins, according to the San Diego Zoo. The baby red pandas are called cubs. Cubs' eyes and ears are se...

    Here is the taxonomy of the red panda, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS):Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Bilateria Infrakingdom: Deuterostomia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Infraphylum: Gnathostomata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Mammalia Subclass: Theria Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Carnivora Suborder: Caniformia Family: Ailuridae Genus and species: Ailurus fulgens Subspecies: Ailurus fulgens fulgens (found in the Himalayas), Ailurus fulgens refulgens (foun...

    The red panda is considered endangered and is on the IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species. It is believed that the population has decreased by 50 percent over the past 18 years, and the decline is projected to continue and perhaps intensify in the next three generations. The number of adults in the wild is probably about 10,000 animals, according to the San Diego Zoo, although some estimates put the number at only 2,500. The population decline is almost solely due to deforestation. Hunting a...

  8. Facts about Red Pandas - Macao Giant Panda

    A red panda has body length of about 60cm and a fluffy and powerful tail of about 50cm. While sleeping, a red panda rolls itself tightly into a ball and puts the tail around its neck to protect against coldness. The tail also helps it to keep balance while climbing. ● Crisis facing red pandas

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